Characteristics 19th century

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Characteristics 19th century

  1. 1. Characteristics of the 19th century: ★Expansion of Liberal ideas (freedom of speech, freedom of press, constitutions, parliaments, political parties…) ★BourgeoisRevolutions (1820, 1830, 1848) ★Nationalism: ○ Creation of New Nations ( Greece, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania…) ○ Division of Empires ★Creation of Great Empires (Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russian Empire, French Empire, Germany, Ottoman Empire) ★Democracy (universal suffrage) (sufragio universal) ★Industrialization ★Worker’sMovement ★Colonialism ★Art: ○ Neoclassicism (David, Ingres…) ○ Romanticism (Delacroix, Géricault…) ○ Realism (Courbet, Corot…) ○ Impressionism (Monet, Renoir, Degas, Pisarro, Sisley)

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