DESIGN RESEARCH PUBLICATION CELL /Balwant Seth School of ArchitectureThe Design Research Publication Cell at BSSA is formulated as atwo fold endeavour.DRP is a constructive feedback for the pedagogy of the institute.It records the various researches and events through the courseof the Academic Year.DRP acts as a platform for faculty, graduates and students to en-gage in diverse collaborative endeavors.DRP is a laboratory that conducts multi-scalar research and ex-perimentation in the fields of design, architecture and urbanismthat can affect society to adapt to dynamic environmental para-digms.Team Members;Head DRPProf Dipal Kothari-ChhayaB.Arch KRVIA, M.Arch The Bartlett, UCL UKCORE TEAM1-ADVISOR-Prof Trilochan Chhaya (Dean) B.Arch CEPT, M.Arch Harvard, USA,2-Prof Anand Pandit,B.Arch JJ,3-Prof Atrey ChhayaB.Arch KRVIA, M.Arch DRL-AA, UK,LOBAL SCHOOLMMER WORKSHOP 2011July 13th-28thBALWANT SHETH SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE
DRP /BSSA initiatives over thepast few yearsDRP is a dynamic collaborative platformopen to students and graduates to initiateprojects under the tutelage of the Schooland the Faculty.It promotes individual and team basedstu-dent / graduate led research.DRP has partnered with many national andinternational institutes and independantorganizations for many initiatives.Partners with DRP over the years includeIAAC (Institute of Advanced Architectureof Catalunya)Spain, World Bank , KalaGhoda Art Association, Teach for India,NMIMS(Mumbai Campus), NMIMS (Shirpur,Maharashtra Campus)
1:Sustainability :A Joint Research/WorkshopConducted between BSSA(Mumbai) and IAAC(Barcelona)-2010Team: Dipal Kothari-Chhaya, Atrey Chhaya, Hemant Purohit, Renu Gupta, Akhil Laddah, Kiran Naveskar, Students (Batch 2012)- Saurabh Mhatre, Mallika Singh, Faris Mohamad, Dhaval Chheda, Amal Roowala, Students (Batch 2013)-Dhruvin Shah, Dhruv Sheth.Partner: IAAC(Institute of Advanced Architecture in Catalunya) SpainSOLAR NETWORKWIND NETWORKWATER NETWORKMAIN POWER LINEPOWER SUB STATIONEQUIPMENT UNITCONNECTION PATHWAYMAIN POWER LINEPOWER SUB STATIONPROPOSALBLOCK 1BLOCK 2BLOCK 3BLOCK 4BLOCK6BLOCK6MAIN ENERGY HUBGLOBAL SCHOOLSUMMER WORKSHOP 2011July 13th-28thTeam 2: Dhaval Chheda , Faris Mohammed, Malika SinghGSS11 Coordinators: Atrey Chhaya, Dipal Kothari ChhayaBALWANT SHETH SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTUREThe proposal mainly focuses on reprogramming anexisting commercial complex to create more publicprograms, that would lead to an increase in activity inthe area, which would lead to further energygeneration.The Mumbai Workshop is a part of the IAAC GSS 2011 program: Self<a>rchitecture. The IAACSummer School for the year 2011will continue to investigate multiscalar strategies for the (re)construction of our inhabiting environments (home, city, planet) as a response to the dra-matic technological, social, political, economic and cultural changes of the last few years (at boththe globaland local scale)The growing interest in managing climate change, in embracing the green agenda in urban de-velopment, in the development of techniques for local energy generation, in the incorporation ofinformation technology into the physical space and other relevant situations, call for a new visionof the evolution of the city and architecture.Self<a>rchitecture is an agenda with research and education goals that combines science andtechnology with architecture and urban planning. Self-Sufficiency, Self Fabrication, Self-Organization, Self-Design and collective Intelligence are some of the key words onwhich the academic agenda of the programme will focus.case study: Juhu a suburban neighbourhood in Western Mumbai.GLOBAL SCHOOLSUMMER WORKSHOP 2011July 13th-28thTeam 1: Saurabh Mhatre,Varun galaGSS11 Coordinators: Atrey Chhaya, Dipal Kothari ChhayaBALWANT SHETH SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTUREWATER HARVESTINGBIOGAS PLANTSURBAN ENERGY GRIDPLUG POINTSTERRAFORMFARMINGMARKETSSLOPE DOWNEXISTING URBAN BUILT FORMSOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION AREASHARVESTING TANKKINETIC ENERGY TO ELECTRICALRAIN WATERENERGY FORCOMMUNITY FESTIVALSMARKETSOTHERPLUGANDUSEFUNCTIONSHARVESTING“PLAY TO GENERATE”SOLAR COOKING /PICNICKINGWASTE IS USEDTO GENERATEBIO GASBIO GAS IS USED AS co2NEUTRAL FUEL TOPRODUCE ELECTRICITYELECTRICAL GRIDELECTRICAL ENERGY USEDFOR STREET LIGHTSSOLAR CELLS TOGENERATE ENERGY“PLUG AND PLAY” PROGRAMSENCOURAGE LOCALECONOMY+ ++++ ++ECONOMYPRODUCTION CYCLE FOR SELF SUFFICIENCYBLOCK_STRATEGYDEVICE_STRATEGYDEVICE_STRATEGYTo minimize the impact of our living onour environment, both global and local,self sustain ability and self sufﬁciencyneed to be the objectives to achieve atthe local scale. Optimal use of availableresources is achieve a balance isessential.Cycles of generation,consumption andreuse carried out within the site ,encour-ages self sufﬁciency within the block andreduces the dependency associated withthe residential zonesThe final outcome of the programme will include design proposals and the testing of Self<a>rchitecture atthree scales.Scale1. 1000 people(urban block)Scale 2. 100 people ((urban building)Scale 3. 1 person (home, shelter)Producing Self-Sufficient architectural products means, above all, producing more effective organizationalsystems. The design of the buildings will have special relevance, equipping them to generate the totalityof the energy they consume and creating, where necessary, new physiological and metabolicdelimitations of the building.The proposed buildings will be related to a variety of uses (residential, work, commercial, etc) and theirusers needs (microscale) as well to the specific context and the sum of groups of information(macroscale). Building structures on all three scales will be defined by a set of parameters, which willdrive the final designs. These parameters will be generated by geographical characteristics of the specificsites: latitude and longitude, environmental data (temperature, CO2 emissions) and urban context(density, flow of people). The building is thus converted into a micro-city, with all the strata of a small city,and is understood as a complete organism, plugged into a substratum by the managing of the input andoutput of local data and characteristics.The GSS2011 wokshop was held at the Research Room in BSSA with lectures, tutorials and juriesconducted via live streaming between Barcelona, Mumbai and Turin using interactive webArduino Master and Slave BoardsGroup 3-Site analysis in terms ofEnergy Consumption /CO2 Emissions/ Water Consumption etcGroup 1-TerramorphsWATER HARVESTINGBIOGAS PLANTSURBAN ENERGY GRIDPLUG POINTSTERRAFORMFARMINGMARKETSSLOPE DOWNEXISTING URBAN BUILT FORMSOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION AREASENERGY CONSUMPTION Kw/m2/monthHousing - 1.93Commercial - 14.36Parking - 0.23Green Area - 1.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0Block 1 0.0Block 2 0.0Block 3 0.00.0Block 40.0Block 50.0Block 6TOTAL ENERGY GENERATED = 0.00.00.0PARKINGHOUSINGCOMMERCIALGREEN SPACE0.00.00.00.0Energy generationValueENERGY GENERATION0.04,7080.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0The final outcome of the programme included design proposals and the testing ofSelf<a>rchitecture at three scales.Scale1. 1000 people(urban block)Scale 2. 100 people ((urban building)Scale 3. 1 person (home, shelter)
2:Urban Flux :The Urban Flux Agenda was presented in Octo-ber 2012 at “Re-Thinking Cities” - Framing theFuture - 6th Urban Research and knowledgesymposium.-2012Team: Dipal Kothari-Chhaya, Atrey Chhaya, 4th yr Students (Batch 2014)Partner:World Bank and City of BarcelonaAgendaThe Agenda for the Research was to investigate diverse urban scenarios resulting out of radicallydifferent conditions affecting the Citizen in Mumbai. Unlike many cities, Mumbai has various con-tradicting conditions existing in the same city. The solutions therefore would emerge out of negoti-ating with each condition. Each site research highlights specific conditions and probable pointersto evolve a specific approach.Site: SVP Road, MumbaiMultilayered / Multicultural /MulticitizenSITE: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (SVP) Roadcon-nects some of the oldest areas in SouthMumbai.It serves as one of the primary EastWest arte-rial roads. It connects Marine Drive in the westthrough inner city areas likeGirgaum, Khetwadi, Kalbadevi and Bhuleshwar toP D’mello Road in the east abutting the MumbaiPort Land.FLUX: SVP road today is a diverse multilayeredfabric comprising of numerous small scale indus-tries such as metal, wood and glass workshops,paper handicrafts, cloth dyeing as well as oldcommercial establishments and varied residen-tial typologies. The project captures the life of thecitizen through filters of activities, occupations andcultures.
Site: Juhu, MumbaiSite: Parel, MumbaiConflict / Contradiction /MulticitizenUrban / Suburbia /MulticitizenSITE: Located in central Mumbai, Parel is one ofthe original seven islands that formed the city ofMumbai. By the late 1800s Parel had transformedinto a congested industrial district as a thriving cot-ton industry prompted numerous mills to be set upconnected by rail to the Bombay Port. At the endof 1895, 46 mills were built on its reclaimed land.Several housing schemes, such as the chawls(typically three stories single room units connectedby a shared single loaded corridor overlooking acommunity courtyard) were built for the mill work-ers. In 1991 rules were provided for developmentof lands of sick and/or closed cotton textile millsinto three parts: namely public open spaces, lowincome housing and residential or commercialdevelopment to create a coherent urban form.FLUX: Parel today is in state of transition withmany adaptive reuse projects, residential andcommercial high rises and malls situated along-side defunct mills and chawls. The project ques-tions the presence of the new development incontext to the existing fabric and its citizens.SITE: Juhu is a suburb in North West Mumbai. Inthe 1930s, from a small fishing village the wet-lands, mangrove vegetation and beaches wereintegrated into the city for holiday homes andretreats for wealthy citizens from South Bombay.Over the years, due to rapid northward urbani-zation many cooperative housing societies withsports clubs, gardens and playgrounds were de-veloped by the citizens.FLUX: Today many bungalows that once charac-terized the suburb are being redeveloped into highrise luxury apartments. The area has numerouseducational institutions with over 15000 students.Over 100000 people visit the popular Juhu Chow-patty beach every weekend. Various markets andentertainment establishments also attract peoplefrom all over the city. Hotels and beaches attracta sizeable number of tourists, both domestic andinternational. From a relatively quiet and reclusiveneighbourhood, today, Juhu attracts a large influxof transient population.The project investigates theinterface between the distinct permanent and tran-sient population that comprise the citizens of Juhu.
When a predator attacks a school of fish, the fish nearest to the predatormoves away .The other fish see this and move faster in the same direction.The patterns are a result of the study of this behaviour.3:BSSA DESIGN WORKSHOPHIVE MINDSAn investigation into the phenomenon of collec-tive intelligence in nature.-2012Team: Atrey Chhaya, 2nd yr Students (Batch 2016)Partner:NMIMSHerringsBased on Kevin Kelly’s “Out of Control”, the Second Year Design Workshop culminates an eightweek investigation into the phenomenon of collective intelligence in nature. Species demonstratethe “hive mind” through simple interactions between individual organisms at a local scale to per-form complex global operations.Students studied a variety of single celled and multi celled organisms in plants and animals. Spe-cific collective behaviours (such as defence, propagation, foraging, locomotion etc) were docu-mented through diagrams based on the parameters (such as sight, structure, communication,linkages etc.) that define the interaction between the individual organisms. Patterns of interactionswere evolved through a process of generative models analysing the parameter.Locusts
3:PLAY CUBEThe proposal was to devise a learning tool forchildren that could be deployed at various Mu-nicipal Schools in Mumbai-Interactive library forchildren aged 5-12 years.-2011Team: Dipal Kothari-Chhaya, Students (Batch 2013)-Brinda Kenia, DhruvinShah, Hiren GanatraPartner: Teach for IndiaThe Play CUBE was a joint initiative between DRP at BSSA and Teach for India. The proposal wasto devise a learning tool for children that could be deployed at various Municipal Schools in Mum-bai.The proposal was to design an interactive library for children aged 5-12 years.It included a book storage component, a seating component and an Audio-Visual component thatcould fit into each other to form a perfect cube of 2m x 2m x 2m. When opened up, the compo-nents would create an interactive library.The idea behind this product was to create maximum engagement and raise curiosity levelsamongst the children. It constantly transforms, where each action would reveal a new spatial ar-rangement for the children to explore.An element of surprise is added when the stark white box starts to open up into colourful ergonom-ic environments.
4:URBAN DESIGN : FAR(M)OREThe study aims at creating sustainable liveli-hoods for inhabitants of informal settlementswithin Mumbai - ProposedTeam: Dipal Kothari-Chhaya, Students (Batch 2014)-Ami Mathan, Avi-nav V, Harsh Shah, Kavita Gard, Siddhant Tikkoo, Sohil Soni (Alumni Batch2012)-Gaurav SardanaFar(M)ore = Farm (grow) + More (income-livelihood) aims at exploring small-scale cultivable greenspaces amongst urban slum youth and young married women - thereby improving living conditions- by providing additional income through production and entrepreneurship and simultaneously add-ing civic green spaces in their settlements.The site chosen is a contoured slum settlement in Mumbai. Ghatkopar is a developing surburb inMumbai. With the introduction of the Metro rail transport system rapid development is anticipated.The slum settlement comprises of 3 meter x 3 meter units, on an average, each housing a familyof 5-7 members. The slum has a healthy population of ambitious youth who are stronglyself-driven with an aim to improve their lifestyle.Proposed View of Urban Farming Scheme installed on the rooftop, shown to members of the community on siteCity Produces > City BenefitsFarming In The City ! Mumbai CitySection of the proposed Far(M)ore SchemeDetailed Section of the Far(M)ore Scheme on site