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Presentation on selective mutism


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Presentation on selective mutism

  2. 2. Introduction Meaning SELECTIVE MUTISM 2 • Selective mutism (SM), formerly called elective mutism, is defined as a disorder of childhood characterized by an inability to speak in certain settings
  3. 3. Features • Persons with selective mutism are able to speak freely to close family and friends when nobody else is listening – for example, when they're at home. • It's important to understand that when the mutism happens, the child is not voluntarily refusing to speak but is literally unable to speak, feeling frozen. • Experts believe Selective Mutism is a phobia of talking. SELECTIVE MUTISM 3
  4. 4. Symptoms • Failure to speak in specific social situations • Shyness • Difficulty maintaining eye contact • Blank expression and reluctance to smile • Stiff and awkward movements • Difficulty expressing feelings, even to family members • Tendency to worry more than most people of the same age SELECTIVE MUTISM 4
  5. 5. Symptoms • Desire for routine and dislike of changes • Sensitivity to noise and crowd • Moodiness • Sleep problems SELECTIVE MUTISM 5
  6. 6. Causes • Social anxiety • Culture backgrounds • Negative reinforcement • Unsolved conflict feature • Genetics • Brain Differences  Ex. Hyper-active amygdala (responsible for feelings) • Environment  Parents and school misunderstanding and enabling  Family stress and troubles  Child modeling SELECTIVE MUTISM 6
  7. 7. How Can It Be Diagnosed- SELECTIVE MUTISM 7 •The child will display interactive ability with appropriate verbal skills at home or at the presence of few individuals whom they feel at ease.
  8. 8. SELECTIVE MUTISM 8 •Selective mutism had restricted to make friends and often misunderstood as rude and shy. •Thus people are not invited in meeting and in gatherings as they don’t help in deriving to a conclusion they restricts decisions.
  9. 9. Consequences • Indicated feelings of isolation, rejection, discomfort, worry, anxiety, stress, fear, panic, frustration, anger, sadness and loneliness. • Several expresses a desire to be like others and be able to join in by talking. SELECTIVE MUTISM 9
  10. 10. Positive Side • Above-average intelligence, perception, or inquisitiveness • Creativity and a love for art or music • Empathy and sensitivity to others' thoughts and feelings • A strong sense of right and wrong SELECTIVE MUTISM 10
  11. 11. How to Deal With Selective Mutism • If left untreated, SM can lead to isolation, low self- esteem and social anxiety disorder. It can persist into adolescence and even adulthood if not tackled. • With diagnosis at a young age and appropriate management, children can successfully overcome this disorder. SELECTIVE MUTISM 11
  12. 12. Steps to be taken Treatment- SELECTIVE MUTISM 12 Refer for testing and treatment Allow other means of communication like Text messages, email Collaborate with teachers to set up group in which is paired with preferred peer. Involve the child with peers in various activities.
  13. 13. Suggestions • Children with selective mutism need psychotherapy to address their anxiety disorder in conjunction with speech and language treatment. • If the mutism is first identified in the school setting, the Selective people should counsel the parents for a referral to a child psychotherapist who is experienced with this disorder. SELECTIVE MUTISM 13
  14. 14. Suggestions • The selective learning people can consult with the teacher on different methods of instruction and assessment of the child • The Selective learning process can facilitate generalization of communication skills from psychotherapy to the school setting. SELECTIVE MUTISM 14