EconomyFor Indian economy, recovery was interrupted thisyear due to intensification of debt crises in Eurozone, political turmoil in Middle East, rise in crude oilprice and earthquake in Japan.
GDP is estimated to grow by 6.9 per cent in 2011- 12, after having grown at 8.4 per cent in preceding two years. India however remains front runner in economic growth in any cross-country comparison.
Growth: The Finance Minister mentioned that as per the latest Economic Survey, Indias GDP is expected to grow at 7.6% plus minus 0.25% in FY13. Indias GDP estimated to grow at 6.9% in 2011-12. Inflation: Headline inflation to moderate from current level in next few months and remain stable thereafter.
Fiscal deficit Fiscal deficit is projected at 5.1% of the gross domestic product (GDP) for the fiscal year 2013, compared to 5.9% for FY11-12. FY13 total expenditure is estimated at Rs 14.90 lakh crores. Fiscal deficit pegged at Rs 5.13 lakh cr for FY13.
Fiscal deficit slipped to 5.9% in 2012-ReasonsThe government expects to end FY2012 with a fiscal deficit of 5.9%, much higher than 4.6% estimated earlier, largely due to higher subsidies, lower divestments and lower corporate tax collections.Subsidy expenses overshoot by around Rs 73,000cr estimate, because of higher crude prices and rupee depreciation.Lower corporate earnings growth due to high inflation and interest rates led to expected corporate tax revenue falling short by around Rs 32,000cr.Further, weaker sentiments in equity markets affected the governments divestment plan, and revenue shortfall on that front stands at around Rs 24,500cr.
The government plans to correct the worsening fiscal situation in FY2013 by implementing several revenue augmentation measures, mainly in tax revenue, and expects to end the year with fiscal deficit at 5.1%. Tax revenue is expected to increase substantially by around Rs 1,29,000cr over the revised estimates for FY2012, mainly because of 2% increase in excise rates and service tax rates and widening of service tax. Higher corporate tax revenue by a largely similar quantum on the direct tax front. Further, the government expects to increase other non-tax revenue and non-debt capital receipts by around Rs 52,000cr mainly on account of Rs 40,000cr from telecom spectrum auction and Rs 30,000cr from divestment
TaxesIndividual & Corporate: Revised Tax Slabs: 1. No tax up to Rs. 2 lakh; 2. 10% tax on 2 lakh to 5 lakh; 3. 20% on 5 lakh - 10 lakh; 4. 30% on 10 lakh and above Senior citizens to be exempt from advance tax payments Health insurance deduction upto Rs 5000 for preventive health checkup. Capital gains tax on residential property exempted if sale proceeds used for SMEs. No change in corporate tax rate. Savings bank account interest up to Rs 10,000 exempted from tax.
TAX REFORMS DTC Bill to be enacted at the earliest after expeditious examination of the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee. Drafting of model legislation for the Centre and State GST in concert with States is under progress.
DISINVESTMENT POLICY Government has further evolved its approach to divestment of Central Public Sector Enterprises by allowing them a level playing field vis-à-vis the private sector in respect of practices like buy backs and listing at stock exchanges. For 2012-13, `30,000 crore to be raised through disinvestment. At least 51 per cent ownership and management control to remain with Government.
STRENGTHENING INVESTMENT ENVIRONMENTForeign Direct Investment Efforts to arrive at a broadbased consensus in consultation with the State Governments in respect of decision to allow FDI in multi-brand retail upto 51 per cent.
Financial Sector Rajiv Gandhi Equity Saving Scheme to allow for income tax deduction of 50 per cent to new retail investors, who invest upto `50,000 directly in equities and whose annual income is below `10 lakh to be introduced. The scheme will have a lock-in period of 3 years.