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Big 5 model of personality & organizationally relevant personality traits

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Big 5 model of personality & organizationally relevant personality traits

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Big 5 model of personality & organizationally relevant personality traits

  1. 1. Big 5 Model of personality & Organizationally relevant personality traits Dr. G C Mohanta, BE, MSc(Engg), MBA, PhD(Mgt) Professor
  2. 2. 2 Big 5 Model of personality  Personality: The pattern of relatively enduring ways in which a person feels, thinks, and behaves.  Develops over a person’s lifetime  Generally stable in the context of work  Can influence career choice, job satisfaction, stress, leadership, and even performance  Trait: A specific component of personality that describes particular tendencies a person has to feel, think, and act in certain ways.  The Big Five Model of Personality places five general personality traits at the top of the trait hierarchy: Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience.
  3. 3. 6 The Big Five Model of Personality  Extraversion or Positive Affectivity: The tendency to experience positive emotional states and feel good about oneself and the world around one.  Neuroticism or Negative Affectivity : The tendency to experience negative emotional states and view oneself and the world around one negatively.  Agreeableness: The tendency to get along well with others.  Conscientiousness: The extent to which a person is careful, scrupulous, and persevering.  Openness to Experience: The extent to which a person is original, has broad interests, and is willing to take risks.
  4. 4. Organisationally Relevant Personality Traits
  5. 5. 10 Locus of Control Internal Locus of Control: Describes people who believe that ability, effort, or their own actions determine what happens to them. External Locus of Control: Describes people who believe that fate, luck, or outside forces are responsible for what happens to them.
  6. 6. 11 Self-Monitoring The extent to which people try to control the way they present themselves to others.  Can be high or low
  7. 7. 12 Self-Esteem The extent to which people have pride in themselves and their capabilities.  Can be high or low  Not situation specific
  8. 8. 13 Type A vs. Type B Personality Type B: A person who tends to be easygoing and relaxed. Type A: A person who has an intense desire to achieve, is extremely competitive, and has a strong sense of urgency.
  9. 9. 14 McClelland’s Needs Need for Achievement: The desire to perform challenging tasks well and to meet one’s own high standards. Need for Affiliation: The desire to establish and maintain good relations with others. Need for Power: The desire to exert emotional and behavioral control or influence over others.

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