Big 5 model of personality & organizationally relevant personality traits
Big 5 Model of personality &
Dr. G C Mohanta, BE, MSc(Engg), MBA, PhD(Mgt)
Big 5 Model of personality
Personality: The pattern of relatively enduring
ways in which a person feels, thinks, and behaves.
Develops over a person’s lifetime
Generally stable in the context of work
Can influence career choice, job satisfaction, stress,
leadership, and even performance
Trait: A specific component of personality that
describes particular tendencies a person has to
feel, think, and act in certain ways.
The Big Five Model of Personality places five
general personality traits at the top of the trait
hierarchy: Extraversion, Neuroticism,
Agreeableness, Conscientiousness and Openness
The Big Five Model of Personality
Extraversion or Positive Affectivity: The
tendency to experience positive emotional states and feel
good about oneself and the world around one.
Neuroticism or Negative Affectivity : The
tendency to experience negative emotional states and
view oneself and the world around one negatively.
Agreeableness: The tendency to get along well with
Conscientiousness: The extent to which a person is
careful, scrupulous, and persevering.
Openness to Experience: The extent to which a
person is original, has broad interests, and is willing to
Locus of Control
Internal Locus of Control: Describes people
who believe that ability, effort, or their own
actions determine what happens to them.
External Locus of Control: Describes people
who believe that fate, luck, or outside forces are
responsible for what happens to them.
The extent to which people try to control
the way they present themselves to others.
Can be high or low
The extent to which people have pride in
themselves and their capabilities.
Can be high or low
Not situation specific
Type A vs. Type B Personality
Type B: A person who tends to be
easygoing and relaxed.
Type A: A person who has an intense
desire to achieve, is extremely competitive,
and has a strong sense of urgency.
Need for Achievement: The desire to
perform challenging tasks well and to meet
one’s own high standards.
Need for Affiliation: The desire to establish
and maintain good relations with others.
Need for Power: The desire to exert emotional
and behavioral control or influence over others.