Macbeth choice 1


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Macbeth's choices.
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Macbeth choice 1

  1. 1. Macbeth Background <ul><ul><li>one of Shakespeare's shortest plays, yet considered by most experts to be one of his most powerful portrayals of how lust for power can corrupt a person's soul. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>considered to be not just a play of history but a tragedy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedy = always focused on the tragic protagonist (a person of high stature whose personal flaw causes him to choose wrongly) </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Macbeth Background cont. <ul><li>Shakespeare knew that a play featuring witches would attract theatregoers and increase his audience and revenue. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>He would also have been aware that King James I was extremely interested in witches and sorcery, having written a book called Demonologies (Demonology) describing the demonic rites of witches. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare really could not lose with Macbeth when it was performed in 1605, two years after James became King of England. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What James I believed../ Kings are higher and better than any other men Must follow God’s traditions & ideas and not become ‘wicked’. Kings are messengers from God and must rule in accordance with him I’ve written 2 books on this theory By saying Kings are God’s messengers – the devil becomes my biggest enemy. Witches therefore are a threat.
  4. 4. The Great Chain of Being <ul><li>A Hierarchy – a natural order of things </li></ul><ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><li>Angels </li></ul><ul><li>Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Noblemen/Commoners </li></ul><ul><li>Animals </li></ul><ul><li>If a person’s ambition drove him or her to seek to escape from his or her place on the chain, this broke the ordained order and invited chaos in the world and in the personal life of the person who dared to act in such a way. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Great Chain of Being <ul><li>Two Important Points about The Great Chain of Being: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Divine Right of Kings: basically certain people are Kings because God specifically wanted them to be King. </li></ul><ul><li>2. You cannot move from your station. For example, if you are born poor you remain poor. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>What does this have to do with Macbeth? Macbeth chose to disturb this Great Chain of Being. He removed King Duncan (chosen by God) and replaced him with himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare uses Macebth to show the struggle between human nature and ambition . It goes against human nature to disrupt the chain. Also, it was believed, by Shakespeare, that when the chain was disturbed then the flow of nature was disturbed. It helps to explain why strange things were happening during the murder. An example of this is the horses going against nature and eating each. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>What does disrupting human nature have to do with Macbeth? Also, it was believed, by Shakespeare, that when the chain was disturbed then the flow of nature was disturbed. It helps to explain why strange things were happening during the murder. </li></ul><ul><li>The murder takes place in Act 2 . In Act 2 Scene 3, the morning after Macbeth has killed King Duncan, Lennox tells Macbeth that the weather that night was full of strange events: </li></ul><ul><li>chimneys were blown down, </li></ul><ul><li>birds screeched all night, </li></ul><ul><li>the earth shook </li></ul><ul><li>ghostly voices were heard.  </li></ul><ul><li>In act 2 Scene 4, it opens with Ross (Macbeth’s cousin) and an old man talking about strange events including dark nights, owls eating falcons and horses eating each other in the stables! </li></ul>
  8. 8. MACBETH BACKGROUND <ul><li>TRAGIC PROCESS: </li></ul><ul><li>         1. Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>         2. Wrong Choice </li></ul><ul><li>         3. Suffering </li></ul><ul><li>         4. Perception </li></ul><ul><li>         5. Death </li></ul><ul><li>        6. Restoration to Order </li></ul>
  9. 9. An examaple of Macbeth’s Tragic Process. ‘Tragic Process’ use that line in your essay <ul><li>1. Dilemma:  murder King Duncan or not? (Lady M thinks so!) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. Wrong Choice!  Macbeth chooses wrongly due to wife's/witches influence – (Does shakespeare think women cause the problem) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>3. Macbeth’s suffering: insomnia (he can’t sleep) lack of joy – (he doesn’t , Lady M dies, everyone rejects him (even Ross, his cousin supports Malcolm in the end) </li></ul><ul><li>         </li></ul><ul><li>4. What Macbeth sees and hears of: the world suffers (evil omens, earthquakes – remember the horses eating each other?) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>5. Death: he must die to pay the penalty for the chaos he caused. </li></ul><ul><li>( This is Shakespeare’s choice. He doesn’t want Macbeth to be successful, he wants to support the divine right of Kings. Why? To get on the good side of James 1 st !) FINALLY 6. Restoration: Malcolm is crowned king of Scotland   - all is ok again. </li></ul>
  10. 10. THEMES IN MACBETH     <ul><ul><li>ATMOSPHERE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>2. DISORDER </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>3. GUILT </li></ul><ul><li>Act One, Scene One, three witches appear and the atmosphere is one of a stormy, gloomy night. The audience instinctively expects something bad to happen in this murky setting.  talk of a solar eclipse, an owl killing a falcon, and Duncan's horses running wild. This indicates that something is not stable in society. Guilt has the power to take over your life, because everything you see and do reminds you of your hideous crime; such is the case of Lady Macbeth. (She dies unhappy because of Macbeth’s choice she encourages) </li></ul>
  11. 11. THEMES IN MACBETH...cont.. <ul><li>4. GREED AND POWER </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>5. GOOD AND EVIL </li></ul><ul><li>Greed for power has completely engulfed their minds: they cannot accept anything less than complete power over Scotland. It has destroyed them by destroying all that was familiar around them: friends, loved ones, and their own sanity. It has driven Lady Macbeth to mental illness by Act Five and Macbeth to regret and remorse by the same time. . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Although good and evil exist in Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, we see the two at different times. When Lady Macbeth pushed Macbeth to murder Duncan, her &quot;evil&quot; side was conquering his &quot;good&quot; side. In this way, &quot;evil&quot; prevailed over &quot;good.&quot; Throughout the play, we see Macbeth and his wife in a constant struggle between the &quot;good&quot; and &quot;evil&quot; within themselves. . </li></ul>
  12. 12. IMAGERY IN MACBETH <ul><li> </li></ul>