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EN_T-Time 1 2015


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EN_T-Time 1 2015

  1. 1. 1111111111111111111111111111111111 NO. A magazine from Trelleborg Group. Solutions that seal, damp and protect critical applications. FENDERS HELP AVERT DISASTER A VISIT TO JAPAN’S SEAT OF POWER “Cobots” help boost efficiency Robotic colleagues improve manu- facturing Krishan Chawla & Gary Gladysz “Solid or not,“ there’s void space in all materials” Fulfilling a 2,000 liter need How a huge, disposable bio- reactor bag was developed one woman’s South Pole Expedition: all on a tractor of 2,350km extreme challenges
  2. 2. Fromrubberproducts to the South Pole I, COBOT The introduction of cobots has boosted Trelleborg’s productivity in everything from tire manufacturing to micro-molding. SKYROCKETING COOPERATION Trelleborg and a team of AVIO engineers developed a composite for galactic challenges. BAG BOOSTED RELATIONSHIP The development of a 2,000-liter bag turned Trelleborg from provider to long-term partner. A POWERFUL SEA BREEZE A sharply increased need for alternative sources of energy makes Japan invest in windmills and the world’s first offshore floating substation. 06 10 12 14 Case page 18 People & Trends page 19 News/Update page 22 IN EACH ISSUE Responsible under Swedish Press Law: Patrik Romberg Editor-in-chief: Karin Larsson Co-editors: Rosman Jahja Donna Guinivan Production: Appelberg Publishing Project manager: Hannah Kirsebom Editor: Petra Lodén Language coordinator: Maggie Hård af Segerstad Art director: Johan Nohr Layout: Hanne Aune Printing: Trydells Tryckeri Cover photo: Mike Hill/Getty Images Subscription: Address: Trelleborg ab (publ) Box 153, se-231 22 Trelleborg, Sweden Tel: +46 (0)410-670 00 Fax: +46 (0)410-427 63 T-Time is published three times a year. The opinions expressed in this publica- tion are those of the author or people interviewed and do not necessarily reflect the views of Trelleborg. If you have any questions about Trelleborg or wish to send us your comments about T-Time, please email: 19 CONTENTS 1-2015 10 WHEN TRELLEBORGS GUMMIFABRIKS AB was formed under the leadership of Henry Dunker 110 years ago, he had long nurtured a dream to take control of the Swedish rubber industry. Trelleborg then grew rapidly to become the leading rubber company in Scandinavia. But could Henry Dunker foresee that within just over a century Trelleborg would be making its mark all over the world, even in space? That the polymer products would provide critical solutions in everything from heavy machinery to advanced biotechnology devices? Trelleborg has moved toward increasingly advanced products, total solutions and adventures. We have had the privilege of participating in many groundbreaking projects: agricultural tires rolling toward the South Pole, and unique composite materials traveling out into the universe. As CEO, I feel both humbled and proud of this progress. Read more about our adventures on pages 3 and 10. Enjoy your reading! Peter Nilsson President and ceo 2 T·TIME 1·2015 the w would heavy Trelle produ the pr projec and u u o
  3. 3. 3T·TIME 1·2015 TEXT ANNA GULLERS PHOTOS SARAH MCNAIR-LANDRY A tractor full of Antarctic dreams Awomanwithatractorloadedwithdreams setouttoconquerAntarctica.ActressManon Ossevoort’sexpeditiontotheSouthPole wasnotanordinaryone.Shewantedto demonstratethatnothingisimpossible. 3T·TIME 1·2015 EDGE [TRACTOR GIRL]
  4. 4. 4 T·TIME 1·2015 MANON OSSEVOORT, AKA “TRACTOR GIRL” Age: 38 Nationality: Netherlands Family: Husband and a young daughter Hidden talent: Perseverance Best tractor music when it’s cold outside: “One” by U2 (also the version with Christina Aguilera) How to cross an ocean by tractor: From Cape Town in a Russian cargo plane Chief fear: “I have many fears, but I undertake adventures because I really wish to free myself from those fears. And it does work!” MANON OSSEVOORT never intended to become an adventurer. She never planned to cross thousands of miles of snow and ice, to sleep in a tent on the polar snow with the wind howling around her head at minus 40 degrees Celsius, eating freeze-dried food. Yet this is what Ossevoort, a Dutch actress, dancer and playwright, decided to do: to go to the South Pole in a tractor. Although she is being accompanied by a down-to-earth team of polar specialists, the expedi- tion’s theme is “dreams”– fulfilling them and the notion that nothing is impossible. “We are enchanted by dreams, but when we think about realizing them they suddenly feel as impossible as driving a tractor to the South Pole,” she says. “As a playwright I wanted to create a story, but one for real life instead of for the theater – one that would inspire people to believe in the power of their dreams. And the only way to do that was by doing the impossible myself. If I could do that, anybody could do anything.” Manon Ossevoort crossed 2,350 kilometers in a tractor to reach the South Pole. Between November 2014 and January 2015, Ossevoort crossed 2,350 kilometers of treacherous snow and ice to reach the geographic South Pole in a Massey Ferguson tractor, a traveling companion from previ- ous trips. She was already known as “Tractor Girl,” having traveled by tractor more than 38,000 kilometers in the course of four years in prepara- tion for the drive to the South Pole. “I started the journey on an old local tractor from the village where I was born,” she says. “I have driven
  5. 5. 5T·TIME 1·2015 One of the main characters in the Antarctic drama is the red Massey Ferguson MF 5610 tractor that Manon Ossevoort drives. Campbell Scott, Massey Ferguson’s Director Sales Engineering and Brand Development, has been deeply involved in the prepa- ration for the expedition. Why did Massey Ferguson take part in this expedition? “This is an epic journey that is all about having a vision and making it happen. It will also demonstrate the straightfor- ward dependability of our 21st century engineering and technology in one of the toughest environments on earth. It also connects strongly with our herit- age. In 1958, the famous explorer Sir Edmund Hillary took Ferguson TE20 tractors to the South Pole.” What are the special challenges for vehicles in the South Pole? “The key issues are the low tempera- ture, the terrain and the altitude. It is a standard production tractor but one that has undergone some special prep- aration.” How do you test a tractor for these types of conditions? “We carried out extensive cold tests in our own cold chamber. We also had a trial expedition in Iceland. We’ve tested the effects of this sort of altitude in regions including Colorado in the US and the French Alps.” Why did you choose tires from Trelleborg? “We have worked together on previous projects and knew that Trelleborg has a ‘can do’ attitude similar to our own. This is so important in a project like this, which presents many challenges along the way. Also, we had been given a close look into Trelleborg’s engineering and development department on a prior occasion, so we knew that you had both the technical know-how and the labora- tory facilities to select and test the best tires for this most demanding of applica- tions. And of course, what’s also really important is that the Trelleborg team, at all levels, is easy to work with.” TRELLEBORG AND MASSEY FERGUSON HIT THE ICE TOGETHER through places that most people consider the end of the world – for instance, countries like the Sudan.” Now the old tractor has been replaced by a newer one. The condi- tions in Antarctica are demanding, and the equipment, which was tested in Iceland before the start of the expe- dition, is vital to the mission’s success. “We adapted the MF 5610 trac- tor for the extreme and very specific challenges,” Ossevoort says. “The tires in Antarctica made all the difference. It’s their flotation capacity that helps the tractor to ‘float’ on the snow and create maximum traction. Driving on snow is a bit similar to driving in the desert, where you have to deflate the tires in order to keep driving on the softest of sand conditions.” For the expedition, Trelleborg developed a special multipurpose set of complete wheels, both tires and rims, to tackle the severe weather conditions of the Antarctic. WHEN THE WHEELS spin in the snow, the snow melts quickly, creating slip- pery ice that demands a certain driv- ing technique that Ossevoort learned from an Icelandic team from Arctic Trucks. Along her journey over the past year she has been, as she puts it, “collecting dreams and stories” from the people she’s met. “These stories, and the dreams I’ve collected, are written down on small pieces of paper from people everywhere,” she says. “I want to give these stories a global stage.” People have also been able to share their dreams on Ossevoort’s website. The final destination for these wishes, printed on paper, is the belly of a snowman at the South Pole. “It’s a beautiful time document of the ‘dreams of the world’ for future generations to read,” says Ossevoort. EDGE [TRACTOR GIRL] FOR MORE INFORMATION lorenzo.ciferri
  6. 6. 6 EXPERTISE Trelleborg’sproductsarediverse.However,giantor tiny,thesamemanufacturingandprocessprinciples ensuretheperformanceoftheTrelleborgGroup’s solutionsandtheintroductionofrobotscolleagues –orcobots,astheyarealsoknown–hasbeena welcomeadditionthathasboostedproductivity. TEXT DONNA GUINIVAN ILLUSTRATION SERGEY KOSTIK PHOTOS MARTIN OLSON, SAM FAIRBROTHER, PATRICK AVENTURIER AND BASILE BORNARD
  7. 7. 7 A H E L P I N G C O B O T H A N D
  8. 8. 8 relleborg’s manufacturing site in Tivoli, Italy, where its extra-large agricultural tires are made or that in Ridderkerk in the Netherlands, home to pipe plug production, seem a world away from the facilities in Helsingør, Denmark, which specializes in Turcon® seals or Stein am Rhein, Switzerland, the center for excellence for micro-molded silicone components. But that is far from true. “Our 2,300 millimeter giant tires are amongst some of our largest products,” says Marco D’Angelo, Industrial Director within Trelleborg Wheel Systems. “The smallest components are made from silicone at just three milligrams.” On the face of it, the technology and processes behind such varying products may appear to be opposites. In fact, size is irrelevant. Trelleborg is always willing to invest in innovative manufacturing methods and processes to improve efficiency, quality or delivery. Use of robotics is just one area where the Trelleborg Group is leading edge. D’Angelo proudly demonstrates the specially designed enclosed tire spray booth at Tivoli. “Before this, the giant tires were sprayed by hand.This was a slow process that could cause production bottle necks.This was because, as the potential source of process inconsistency and quality concerns, it required lots of attention from specialized operators.” NOW A LARGE articulated arm picks up a giant tire and places it in a spray booth, where another robotic hand, fitted with a spray nozzle, coats the tires. The timing for each process is precise, as is the application of the paint. Another totally unique process atTivoli is the splicing line. “We need to build up long lengths of rubber to create our extra-large tires,” continues D’Angelo. “This is an extremely difficult process to complete accurately. We therefore developed a robotic line that precisely welds rubber sheets for giant tires. “As good as our operators are, it was hard to manually achieve the level of consistency and accuracy required. The line also allowed us to ramp up to meet the increasing demand we have seen for our extra-large tires over the past few years.” At the other end of the scale is micro-molding. The polished white floors of the main manufacturing hall at the Trelleborg Sealing Solutions facility in Stein am Rhein show not a speck of dirt and neat rows of automated machines click and whir away as an array of robotic arms dutifully perform their programmed tasks. T When the first robots were introduced, some staff members feared the robots would take over their workplaces – an apprehension that has proved uncalled for.
  9. 9. 9 A EXPERTISE “In our holistic design approach, in addition to part- function and maximizing performance in an application, right from the earliest point possible, we take into account design for automation,” says Ursula Nollenberger, Product Line Director for LSR components. “The quality of our tooling determines how effective our automation can be. Not just of the mold tools but in particular our unique robotic grippers that guarantee removal of parts from molds without damage,” says Jarno Burkhardt, General Manager of the Stein am Rhein facility. Though products that look simple, the production of pipe plugs was hard to automate. The Ridderkerk facility spent a considerable amount of time and money in developing a unique automation process. “Pipe plugs had been made in the same way for over fifty years and to guarantee quality in this essentially manual operation, they were almost over engineered,” says Ruud Bokhout, Sales and Marketing Director within Trelleborg Offshore & Construction. Specially developed software for robots now accurately calculates the required composition of the plugs. This means that the product can be 100 percent replicated. “The pipe plugs are now lighter.This is a real advantage, making the plugs easier to maneuver when maintaining or installing pipe systems,” continues Bokhout. JUST LIKE IN RIDDERKERK, in Helsingør, a product that was produced for nearly 60 years was brought into the twenty-first century with robotics. “For 10-15 years, we researched the market for suitable robots. We needed very flexible and small robots to automate our upgraded CNC machines,” says Jesper Riis, Production Manager at Trelleborg Sealing Solutions facility in Helsingør, one of the manufacturing sites where its polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based seals are manufactured. “Lightweight robots have been part of the workforce at Trelleborg since 2012 and 42 now operate on continuous shifts.” “We use our machines much better with robots, and our products have never been more uniform. This means that we have become more competitive, especially for large series production,” says Henrik Tørnes, Head of Production Technology at Helsingør. However, despite the many benefits of robotics, automation tends to instill a sense of fear in people. “When the first robots were introduced, we, as staff members, were very skeptical,” says Morten Maansson, a shop steward at Helsingør. “We were afraid that the robots would take over our workplaces.This was, however, not the case. On the contrary more employees were engaged, and we have now learnt to accept this innovative development and to use the robots as a technical aid in our working day.” “We use our machines much better with robots, and our products have never been more uniform.” Henrik Tørnes utomation is taken to the ultimate level and there is consistency throughout the manufacturing facility. Most parts produced are untouched by human hand until packaged and some are boxed or packed robotically in the main hall or the facility’s large class 100,000, ISO 8 and class 10,000, ISO 7 cleanrooms. “Our automated cleanrooms put us in an unrivalled position to supply customers who need super-clean parts, not just for life sciences but also for other industries such as automotive electronics that need parts free of any contamination,” continues Nollenberger. FOR MORE INFORMATION marco.dangelo ruud.bokhout jesper.riis ursula.nollenberger
  10. 10. TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERED FABRICS Aerospace is one of a number of advanced industries that use high-performance polymer- coated fabrics in their processes and products. Automotive, marine, transport, safety and health also make use of them, and Trelleborg offers more than 100 years of experience to help develop customized solutions. Trelleborg’s general aerospace experience in engineered fabrics for a wide range of industries benefits each new customer, including those in the fast- moving aerospace sector. ENGINEERED FABRICS Aerospace is one of a number of advanc industries that use high-performance po coated fabrics in their processes and pro Automotive, marine, transport, safety an also make use of them, and Trelleborg o more than 100 years of experience to he develop customized solutions. Trelleborg general aerospace experience in enginee fabrics for a wide range of industries ben each new customer, including those in th Composite aiming for the stars Composite aiming for the stars
  11. 11. VEGA – an acronym for Vettore Europeo di Generazione Avanzata, or Advanced Generation European Vehicle – is a launch system for commercial satellites. It is designed and manufactured by Avio, a full systems integrator and prime contractor, through its subsidiary ELV. Standing 30 meters (98 feet) tall, the Vega launch vehicle carries equipment for GPS systems, environmental surveys and global mapping, for Google Earth for example, into space. During the development of its solid rocket motors in recent years, Avio began looking for a partner to help transform its thermal protection rubber, developed for manual application, into a tape format with a semiautomatic application process to be used in manufacturing solid boosters. Avio sought a company with proven reliability, technical competence, a long- term perspective and preferably with a base in Italy, says Antonio Santin, Sales Director within Trelleborg Coated Systems. “We were short- listed because we had know-how in rubber and fabrics, in addition to other requisites,” Santin explains. With more than 100 years of experience in engineered fabrics and a production facility in Lodi Vecchio, southeast of Milan, Trelleborg satisfied all of Avio’s requirements. “TRELLEBORG HAS ALWAYS been ready to cooperate with Avio both in the R&D process and in the resolution of problems during the production phase,” says Francesco Giliberti, who has technical responsibility for Vega Solid Rocket Motors at Avio. Because this project represented a new challenge in a demanding sector for Trelleborg, the company was eager to show that its expertise could be applied effectively for engineered fabrics in the aerospace industry. On April 30, 2014, a Trelleborg product was aboard Vega’s formal commercial launch from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. Trelleborg’s contribution, in partnership with Avio, is a composite material that provides thermal protection to parts of all three rocket booster stages. The composite material is made with glass fabric laminated with a special rubber sheet designed to TEXT CLAUDIA B. FLISI ILLUSTRATION ESA Vegaisnotjustthenameofthesecond-brightest starinthenorthernhemisphere.Itisalsothename ofanewsatellitelaunchsystemthatTrelleborghas helpedbecomereality. THE GUIANA SPACE CENTRE More commonly known as the Centre spatial guyanais (CSG), the Guiana Space center is a French and European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. Operational since 1968, it fulfills the two major geographical requirements for a spaceport: 1. Quite close to the equator, so that the spinning earth can impart some extra velocity to the rockets for free when launched eastward. 2. Uninhabited territory (in this case, open sea) to the east, so that lower stages of rockets and debris from launch fail- ures cannot fall on human habitation. The European Space Agency (ESA), the French space agency CNES (National Centre for Space Studies), and the commercial Arianespace company conduct launches from Kourou. meet specific aerospace requirements: low density, high thermal insulation, abrasion resistance and flame-retardant properties. It forms one layer in the booster rocket, wrapping around it to absorb some of the excess heat generated by the solid rocket propellants. With temperatures that can reach 3,000 degrees Celsius in the combustion chamber, this layer becomes carbonized in the course of operation. Dealing with extreme conditions is only one of the challenges of working in the aerospace industry. Besides the technical requirements, aerospace first-tier suppliers must be able to provide accurate traceability documentation for every component they supply; their suppliers must do the same. Because Trelleborg in Lodi Vecchio is UNI EN ISO 14001 qualified for environmental management systems concerns, and UNI EN ISO 9001 qualified for quality management systems, it already had the basic qualifications for the Vega project. “Traceability and document control are almost as important as product performance in this sector, but this was just the starting point,” Santin explains. “The fully committed dedication to this project between Trelleborg’s R&D center and the team of Avio engineers has been a key success factor in completing this project.” Product performance is essential. According to Avio, the biggest hurdle in development was setting up the manufacturing process to ensure that the properties of the rubber formulation would remain intact. Trelleborg’s offering met the challenge. Vega has scheduled four additional launches beyond the three already done – one in 2014 and three more in 2015. This means that the composite rubber sheet produced in Lodi Vecchio will have gone into orbit seven times by the end of 2015. 11T·TIME 1·2015 FOR MORE INFORMATION antonio.santin
  12. 12. 12 T·TIME 1·2015 BIG A BIOREACTOR BREAKTHROUGH TEXT ULF WIMAN PHOTOS SARTORIUS STEDIM BIOTECH GMBH WHEN TRELLEBORG SEALING SOLUTIONS wanted to break into the highly innovative life sciences industry, the company sought ways to position itself as a provider of engineered solutions. Ralf Gergen, Life Sciences Segment Manager for Trelleborg Sealing Solutions in Europe, explains: “We were looking for demanding projects where we could show that by partnering with us, customers could get a wide range of products and tailor-made solutions from a single source, tapping into our global network.” A lucky break came in 2009 when Sartorius Stedim Biotech, a leading international supplier to the biopharmaceutical industry, was scaling up its portfolio of disposable bags for single-use bioreactors to meet market demand. The project required developing a 2,000-liter bag – a huge challenge that dramatically increased the component requirements. There was massive torque applied to the stirrer inside the bag, and the drive coupling had to withstand very high forces. There were also very strict cleanliness demands. Sartorius already had some basic ideas and was more or less looking for sealing support when it became clear that their ideas would not suffice. “At the time, we only supplied some standard parts and did not have a very strong partnership,” Gergen says. “When we learned about their needs, we arranged a demonstration to show what we could offer.” Dr. Gerhard Greller, R&D Director Upstream Technology with Sartorius, recalls, “We found out that there was more competence within Trelleborg than we were aware of. They understood the requirements clearly and swiftly came up with a concept for a solution.” It had all started with a seal, but theTrelleborg concept encompassed an entire assembly, featuring a radial magnetic coupling, designed specifically according to client specifications. Based on the Trelleborg concept, a project team was put together that pooled expertise from the two companies and spanned three countries. It was key that all team members had a common understanding. So early in the process, Trelleborg Nomatterwhattheindustry,takingthe stepfromprovidingcomponentstocreating long-termpartnershipsisincreasinglythe nameofthegame. BETTER BUSINESS [SARTORIUS STEDIM BIOTECH] FOR MORE INFORMATION ralf.gergen
  13. 13. 13T·TIME 1·2015 THE SOLUTION • Sartorius Stedim Biotech’s 2,000-liter disposable bioreactor bag features a radial magnetic coupling using an assembly of special Durobal® and a housing of Zurcon® polyethylene welded to the bag. • Durobal bearings are ideal in rotating applications, preventing metal-to- metal contact and offering low fric- tion. They are self-lubricating for cleaner operating environments. • Zurcon engineered plastic-based materials provide low friction, making them ideal for reciprocating, very slow rotating and oscillating applications that require high wear resistance. brought in technical manager Tim Miller from a Trelleborg site that specializes in plastic bearings in Colorado, in the United States. “Tim was very competent, and listening to him we all went ‘Aha!’” Greller recalls. “Before that it had been very abstract.” THE MAGNETIC coupling was developed by Trelleborg Sealing Solutions in Colorado while engineering was undertaken in Trelleborg Sealing Solutions in Stuttgart, Germany, and the bag was produced at the Sartorius site in Aubagne, France. The resulting coupling design, the Biostat STR 2000L, was launched in May 2014 and the bags in January 2015. Sartorius did not know that Trelleborg could handle this kind of project, Greller says, but he adds, “The company is a reliable, competent development partner. There is the technical competence, but also the worldwide business behind it, which means quality and security of supply. They were also willing to invest in finding the best solution.” The bioreactor bag project has opened the door to more collaboration, and new projects have already started within the bioreactor segment as well as with other Sartorius business units. “It is all about life-cycle management,” Greller says. “We now discuss with Trelleborg how to improve this product for the next generation.” “We have invested heavily in our polymer engineering life sciences capabilities. This is because we, as a Group, truly believe that Trelleborg can make a difference to our customers’ performance in this highly demanding industry.” Peter Nilsson, CEO of Trelleborg Sartorius Stedim Biotech is a leading international supplier of integrated solutions for the biopharmaceutical industry, including fermentation, cell cultivation, filtration and purification.
  14. 14. 14 T·TIME 1·2015 he Fukushima nuclear disaster in March 2011, causing a meltdown of three of the plant’s nuclear reactors, sent a shock wave throughout Japan. In addition to the disastrous environmental impact, it also severely hurt public confidence in nuclear power plants. The result was a decision by the Japanese government to shut down all the country’s more than 50 nuclear plants. Thus the need for alternative sources of energy has increased sharply. One of the focus areas is wind power, and since Japan is a crowded and mountainous country, the search for sites has moved offshore, with floating turbines the main option in the deep waters off the rugged coastline. Fukushima Forward is a trial project for offshore wind power, conducted by the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The project includes three different types of windmills and the world’s first offshore floating substation. The primary phase, completed in September 2013, saw installation of the substation and one two megawatt floating turbine. The second phase, which includes installation of two seven megawatt turbines, is ongoing and is expected to be finalized by the end of 2015. Following a successful delivery during phase one, Trelleborg has been selected to provide its distributed buoyancy modules (DBM), bend stiffeners with dynamic bend stiffeners connectors (DBSC), UraductTM cable protection and bending restrictors to the second phase of the project. The products are designed to secure, guide and protect the subsea electrical power cables from excessive movement and bending, which could cause fatigue damage. “Securing the contract for phase one was a real accomplishment for Trelleborg,” says John Deasey, Renewables Sales Manager within Trelleborg Offshore & Construction. “We knew the gravitas of the project and the tight deadlines it was under. However, with the input of our specialist teams we made sure that we delivered all products exactly to schedule and in accordance with the client’s strict deadline.” According to Furukawa Electric, the company in charge of the project, Trelleborg was originally appointed as supplier because of its reputation for delivering high- quality solutions and technical know-how, even under challenging deadlines. As a result of the prompt delivery during phase one, there was no hesitation to enlist Trelleborg again for the second phase of the project. The opportunities for Trelleborg’s continued involvement in the project are huge. “The prospect of a 120-turbine project would provide an opportunity for the largest-ever supply of bend stiffeners, connectors and other products,” Deasey says. “The benefits for Trelleborg would also be the knowledge gained in this new business sector and the possibility of supplying emerging markets with the same technology.” FollowingamajornucleardisasterinJapan,itsnuclearpowerplants havebeenshutdownandanalternativeenergysupplyisneeded.Amajor investmentisbeingmadeintoanenvironmentally-friendlyoptionthat reliesonthepowerofoffshoreandthetechnologyto harvestenergyfromit. TEXT ERIK ARONSSON ILLUSTRATION RICARDO BESSA BLUE DIMENSION* *Blue Dimension refers to products and solutions that not only satisfy the needs of the customer but also protect people, the environment and infrastructure. THE FUKUSHIMA FORWARD PROJECT Fukushima Forward is a floating offshore wind farm demonstration project funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry in Japan. The first phase of the project consists of one two megawatt floating wind turbine and the world’s first 25 Mega Volt Ampere (MVA) floating substation connected to land by undersea cables. In the second phase, two 7 MW wind turbines will be installed by the end of 2015. The aim of the project is to establish the business model of the floating wind farm and contribute to future commercial projects. T FOR MORE INFORMATION john.deasey
  15. 15. 16 T·TIME 1·2015 GLOBAL LOCAL [TOKYO] 16 T·TIME 1·2015 TOKYO,WITHAHISTORY that stretches back some 500 years to the days when it was known as Edo, has been Japan’s capital since the 1800s and is one of the world’s major cities. Today, some 35 million people live in the densely populated greaterTokyo area, and just under nine million of those reside in Tokyo proper. Each year Tokyo hosts nearly five million foreign visitors and a great many more domestic tourists. It’s easy to understand where the interest comes from. Tokyo, on the island of Honshu, is truly the city that never sleeps. So what approach should a first-time visitor take to this rich platter of experiences? One tip is to select a handful of activities and attractions, and plan your visit so that they are located in roughly the same part of the city. This will reduce travel time and increase your chances of actually doing everything on your activity list. The metro has numerous advantages as a way of getting around the city. Visit for a map of Tokyo’s metro lines as well as information about routes and ticket prices in English. What are the city’s must-see attractions? Two ofTokyo’s most popular sights are Sensōji, the city’s oldest temple, and the Tokyo Tower, which is similar to the Eiffel Tower in Paris, but standing at 332.6 meters it is nearly nine meters higher than its French counterpart. Both are easy to get to using the Ginza Line of the metro, WELCOMETOTOKYO,thecitythatreallynever sleeps.Highandlow,ancientandhypermodern, aplacewhereMammonandBuddhaflourish side-by-side.Tokyohassomethingforeveryone, fromthejazzlovertotheHelloKittyenthusiast. Butdon’tbiteoffmorethanyoucanchewon yourfirstvisit. THE CITY THAT WILL MAKE YOU HAPPIER THAN BILL MURRAY TEXT ANNE HAMMARSKJÖLD PHOTO XAVIER PORTELA/GALLERYSTOCK
  16. 16. 17T·TIME 1·2015 “TOKYO IS AN OASIS” Rolly Wu is a Finance Controller at Trelleborg Sealing Solutions in Japan. What is nice about Tokyo in general? “Tokyo lies in a temperate zone, and its four seasons are distinct and comfortable. We have cherry blossom viewing in the spring, fireworks displays and traditional dance festivals (Bon Odori) in the summer, strolling through golden foliage in the autumn, and the streets lighting up with illuminated displays in the winter; there are especially romantic night views in the districts of Marunouchi. In addition, as a world- renowned gourmet city, Tokyo offers a variety of top-level cuisines from around the world.” What do you like to do on the weekend? “Tokyo is an oasis with plenty of parks, gardens, rivers, lakes and mountains. On the weekends I like to cycle with my family to some of the parks and gardens. I prefer those close to commercial facilities, so that I can enjoy both. One of my favorite routes is to Hibiya Park, near the Imperial Palace. After having a walk around the park, we like to go and find new ramen shops or shop for sweets, clothes or cosmetics.” Where do you go for a relaxing onsen bath? “Soaking in hot springs is a quintessential Japanese experience. I prefer Spa LaQua and Oedo Onsen Monogatari. Spa LaQua is in one of the three zones of Tokyo Dome City. It takes advantage of natural hot springs bubbling up from 1,700 meters underground and features an outdoor bath, a massage bubble bath and saunas. Oedo Onsen Monogatari is a spa theme park that offers not only bathing but also traditional Japanese game booths, shops and restaurants. Tokyo disembarking at the Asakusa and Kamiyacho stations, respectively. The Ginza Line will also take you to the Ginza shopping district, where you will find the Mitsukoshi shopping mall (the station is called Mitsukoshimi). THEJAPANESEREGARDthe stomach as the source of well-being, and for sushi enthusiasts this is heaven. Sushi lovers who are not afraid of early mornings make their way to the enormous Tsukiji Fish Market. The night’s tuna catch is auctioned are 4 a.m., and at 6 a.m. the fish used to make most of Tokyo’s sushi is distributed from here. Take theToei Ōedo Line and get off at Tsukijishijō. Then enjoy a freshly cut sashimi and nigiri breakfast at Daiwa Sushi. An izakaya is a traditional Japanese beer hall that also serves Japan’s equivalent of tapas – tasty small dishes. Izakaya Tenmamichi, located in the Shimokitazawa district, stocks one of Tokyo’s best ranges of sake. Tokyo is in fact a thriving city for jazz, both in its live form and in its more electronic guise. Experience both and start your evening at the Blue Note club in Aoyama. Then make your way to Shibuya and the house club, The Room, which is run by jazz duo Kyoto Jazz Massive. To give yourself time to digest all of the impressions, relax in a traditional sento or onsen bathhouse where you can submerge yourself in hot water, or alternatively, water sourced from a hot spring. There are several places to choose from in the Asakusa district. Another enjoyable activity is a visit to the luxury hotel Park HyattTokyo, which provided the backdrop for the Hollywood movie Lost inTranslation. There is every reason to believe that the average Tokyo tourist will be a lot happier than Bill Murray’s character in that film. 17T·TIME 1·2015
  17. 17. 18 FOR MORE INFORMATION richard.hepworth CASE [MEMORIAL BRIDGE] A CLOSE CALL AcollisiononaUSriverhasshownthe valueof Trelleborgfenderstoinfrastructure, vesselsandtheenvironment. thanks to protection from a system consisting of 22 Super Cone fenders supplied by Trelleborg. One fender was knocked off completely, while the two adjacent to it suffered damage. The fender system worked by absorbing the force of the impact, protecting the bridge and ensuring the safety of those who cross it daily. At the same time, it safeguarded the hull of the vessel, preventing an environmental disaster. It had previously been questioned whether fenders were necessary to protect the piers, given how unlikely it was that such an incident would occur. Speaking after the collision, Bill Boynton of the New Hampshire Department of Transportation said, “The fender system did what it was designed to do and protected the piers. I’m certainly glad they were put in.” As a result of the effective protection, lift operations at the bridge were not affected, and the structure was kept open to vehicle traffic throughout the incident and subsequent investigations. Moreover, there was no risk to the many drivers, pedestrians and cyclists who use the bridge for their daily commute. Richard Hepworth, President within Trelleborg Offshore & Construction, is thankful that the right solution was in place. “The potential seriousness of this incident, and the damage that could have been done had the fender systems not been in place, demonstrates just how essential it is to have them there,” he says. “The fenders protected not only the bridge but the vessel too. Had the vessel been seriously damaged, it could have resulted in the spillage of the diesel it was carrying – with serious environmental implications.” Archer Western Contractors worked with Trelleborg to supply the fenders for the project. Stephen A. DelGrosso, Senior Project Manager with Archer, says, “We worked closely together in the design of the fender systems, and were impressed with Trelleborg’s ability to provide a solution that fitted exactly with the needs of the project.” Trelleborg supplied the fender systems in 2013, along with chains and accessories. Eleven systems were supplied to protect each of the two piers supporting the span of the bridge. Further fender systems will be supplied as replacements for those damaged by the collision. IN MARCH 2014, an oil tanker traveling on the Piscataqua River in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, collided with one of the piers of the Memorial Bridge – a busy thoroughfare for cyclists, cars and pedestrians. Thanks to the fender system in use on the bridge, neither the ship nor the pier sustained damage, and a potential environmental disaster was avoided. The 600-foot vessel Seapride was outbound on the Piscataqua River, carrying fuel to be off-loaded, when it struck the pier.The bridge sustained only minimal damage TEXT PETRA LODÉN PHOTO GETTY IMAGES
  18. 18. 19T·TIME 1·2015 T H E B O U N T Y O F N O T H I N G N E S S : N E W O P P O R T U N I T I E S PEOPLE & TRENDS Voids are everywhere – even in solid materials. Krishan Chawla and Gary Gladysz explain how to under- stand the role of voids and how to use them profitably to design new materials. TEXT TRISH RILEY PHOTOS STEVEN ST. JOHN
  19. 19. 20 T·TIME 1·2015 PEOPLE & TRENDS W e may think of empty space as nothingness – space that’s perhaps waiting to be filled with something useful – but scientists and engineers know that the voids are intrinsically valuable.They can fortify structures to make them stronger without burdening them with weight. The ability to manipulate that nothingness brings new opportunities to many fields, from deep sea and aerospace exploration to the management of methane gas and its impact on global warming. “Extra weight takes energy to move,” says Dr. Krishan Chawla, Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Alabama in Birmingham in the United States. Chawla and Dr. Gary Gladysz, Partner/Owner of Empyreus LLC, have dedicated a good part of their careers to the study of voids to help bring better understanding to this essential feature. Since 2004, Chawla and Gladysz (previously Vice President of R&D within Trelleborg Offshore & Construction) have hosted the conference series Syntactic and Composite Foams, organized by Engineering Conferences International. The pair released their book Voids in Materials: From Unavoidable Defects to Designed Cellular Materials (Elsevier, 2014) in September, and the fourth conference was held in November, attended by about 40 accomplished researchers from universities, national laboratories and industry. The conferences are a vehicle to explore the mysteries they study. Says Chawla, “We look at all types of foams – metallic, polymeric, ceramic – characterizing them with very sophisticated equipment and looking at different aspects of the same topic. We always learn new things from other people.” CHAWLA NOTES THAT while books on polymer foams are not unusual in engineering science, their publisher Elsevier found their approach – looking at materials and functionality through the lens of the void – to be unique. “The point of view we are taking in this book is that all materials have voids at some level, and we can control the size and distribution of these voids to design the materials with specific properties and characteristics,” he says. Both scientists say that voids are rarely recognized for their value. “Voids are everywhere whether you want them there or not – you just have to deal with them,” says Gladysz. “Solid or not, there’s void space that adds functionality to all materials. Sometimes the presence of voids can be harmful, but we need to understand the circumstances when that is the case. It’s about building materials up from that atomic scale through nanoscale on up to the macroscale while incorporating voids at each
  20. 20. 21T·TIME 1·2015 MICROSPHERES Trelleborg’s Eccospheres® are thin-walled, hollow glass microspheres (HGMS) devel- oped to meet the demanding strength, weight and electrical specifications of companies in the aerospace, defence and industrial markets. Magnification reveals the near perfect spherical shape of HGMS, which to the naked eye resemble a fine, white, free-flowing powder. The unique properties of Eccospheres can help reduce costs, enhance products and improve material processing. Eccospheres can be incorporated into a wide range of polymer and resin systems and can replace or combine with other materials to create composites. Areas of applications are extreme processing con- ditions (extrusion, roller milling, and injec- tion), chemically sensitive systems (sili- cones, vinyl esters, long pot life epoxies), high viscosity systems, high temperature systems and low dielectric/loss tangent materi- als. level to add functionality. This approach will bring about combinations of functionalities that have never been done before.” Chawla says that the implications for future research are great. “We go to great lengths in the book about how to understand the role of voids and how we can use them profitably to design new materials,” he says. “Biomaterials is one of the areas that we think will be very important in the very near future for implants.” The authors hope that their book will provide a road map for designers. “Maybe we can incorporate more functionality into materials and components by incorporating voids on different scales,” says Gladysz. “At universities very few foams courses are offered, but the applications are vast. It’s hardly ever mentioned. We want to raise awareness of what happens with voids and what happens with these materials.” An application that Chawla and his colleagues have developed shows promise as a means to clean water that’s been polluted by industrial textile dyes or oil spills as well as antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals. “We take tiny microspheres of glass and coat them with titanium dioxide,” says Chawla. “They are hollow spheres so we can put this foam containing titanium dioxide in the water that is polluted, then under the action of ultraviolet rays, titanium dioxide breaks up those pollutants into harmless byproducts. Putting the titanium dioxide outside hollow spheres is novel. When introduced into water it becomes a foam that floats on the water surface. It’s very benign.” Another significant application of the work is its potential to curb global warming caused by methane gas. “Methane is starting to enter the atmosphere at higher rates because of melting of natural deposits of methane hydrate from global warming, agriculture and landfills,” Gladysz says. “It all just goes into the atmosphere. The one path we can take is to capture methane in a stable solid cage and then use it as a fuel to serve as a bridge to renewable energy.This methane hydrate structure consists of a single molecule of methane inside an ice cage, so there is a void at that scale in the cage. By studying the structure and voids space in methane hydrate, we can create organic molecules with larger void spaces that can hold more methane. Potentially we can capture this methane and put it in a more thermally stable solid.” Chawla and Gladysz say they hope to hear from industry experts and scientists interested in incorporating voids into their work. “We are creating an energy around looking at materials and the functionality that voids contribute,” says Chawla. Gladysz says the implications are impressive. “As in the methane hydrate example, we look to nature for solutions and we then try to improve on it.” “We want to raise awareness of what happens with voids and what happens with these materials.” Dr. Gary Gladysz 20 μm FOR MORE INFORMATION robert.kelly
  21. 21. 22 Briefcase or printing blanket? Well, it’s actually a bit of both... NEWS [UPDATE] CONSUMABLES MANUFACTURER and supplier BFS Pressroom Solutions has seen its used Trelleborg printing blankets transformed into luxury briefcases by Elvis & Kresse, an environmental lifestyle accessories producer based in Kent in the UK. Elvis & Kresse has combined the compressible layer of used Trelleborg Rollin blankets from Reading-based BFS customers Polestar Wheatons and Integrity Print with decommissioned fire hoses from the London Fire Brigade to produce the high-end soft briefcases. The briefcase lining is made with reclaimed military-grade parachute silk, while the packaging and labels for the briefcase are also made from reclaimed materials. Trelleborg’s offshore operation has secured a contract to supply its high- temperature thermal insulation material for phase two of the Erha North project in Nigeria. Appointed by subsea engineering, construction and services company Subsea 7, Trelleborg will supply several tons of its high-temperature advanced silicone insulation solution, Vikotherm™ S1, to the oil and gas flowlines in the field. Manufactured using room temperature vulcanization technology, the coating is ideal for the high 149 degrees Celsius, temperature requirement. Lee Roskell, Proposals Team Manager within Trelleborg Offshore & Construction, says: “We developed a high-temperature, microsphere-free product to improve overall performance of the insulation system. This provided an added assurance that the product has been installed properly and is fit for purpose, verifying both the cast insulation and substrate.” FLOW ASSURANCE IN NIGERIA Used Trelleborg blankets become luxury briefcases TRELLEBORG SEALING SOLUTIONS is supplying seals in advanced elastomer materials to enhance the performance of Proserv’s subsea downhole and pipeline sampling tools, providing a solution to rapid gas decompression. The XploR™ grade elastomer seals help address the low-temperature/high-pressure sealing performance of Proserv’s subsea equipment and the issue of sour gas chemical compatibility. The challenge of rapid gas decompression App measures cost savings Trelleborg’s Tire Efficiency app, based on the concept of the total cost of ownership, measures the benefits provided by a set of Trelleborg tires in terms of both cost savings and reduced working time. Specifically developed for farmers, contractors and special- ized tire and machinery dealers, the app enables users to select the number of hectares covered, their specific operation, working time and several other parameters. The assessment is based on one year of operation and relates to a set of tires for one axle. The Tire Efficiency app is available for iOS and Android tablets. PHOTO:OLIVERJELLY
  22. 22. 23 Trelleborgis a world leader in engineered polymer solutions that seal, damp and protect critical applications in demanding environments. Its innovative engineered solutions accelerate performance for customers in a sustainable way. The Trelleborg Group has annual sales of about SEK 22 billion (EUR 2.48 billion, USD 3.29 billion) in over 40 countries. The Group comprises five business areas: Trelleborg Coated Systems, Trelleborg Industrial Solutions, Trelleborg Offshore & Construction, Trelleborg Sealing Solutions and Trelleborg Wheel Systems. In addition, Trelleborg owns 50 percent of TrelleborgVibracoustic, a global leader within antivibration solutions for light and heavy vehicles, with annual sales of approximately SEK 16 billion (EUR 1.78 billion, USD 2.36 billion) in about 20 countries. The Trelleborg share has been listed on the Stock Exchange since 1964 and is listed on Nasdaq Stockholm, Large Cap. TRELLEBORG HAS SIGNED an agreement with Shanghai Hyster Forklift Ltd. to supply tires to the company’s manufacturing operation in Shanghai. “We are proud to be chosen as an original equipment partner for Shanghai Hyster Forklift Ltd.,” says Richard Wang, National Sales Manager within Trelleborg Wheel Systems. “We look forward to working together to ensure that customers receive maximum value from their choice of Hyster forklift trucks.” SUPPLYING FORKLIFT TIRES IN CHINA This is how we roll The predecessor of this invention changed the world in many ways. But what it is? Correct answer at the bottom of the page. THE CLUE Trelleborg’sSolventlessRollerHeadlineforuseinthe productionofprintingblankets. PHOTO:OLIVERJELLY