TETRA Strategic Positioning Ranko Pinter TETRA MoU Association
Agenda   <ul><li>TETRA market overview </li></ul><ul><li>What makes TETRA different  </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with oth...
TETRA Market  * <ul><li>Total number of TETRA contracts has grown to  505 </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA market has expanded to  ...
Global TETRA Contracts - by Region
Global TETRA Contracts - by Sector
TETRA Contracts Growth  1997- 2003
TETRA - Three Key Markets Private Operator PMR Self-provided PMR Public Operator PAMR Self-provided PMR Private Operator PMR
TETRA Versatility Mobile Data Mobile Radio Mobile Telephony Mobile Radio Mobile Data
Markets & Applications (Ansoff) “ Blue Collar” PMR / PAMR Voice Plus Limited Data Picture Messaging Internet & Intranet Ex...
Comms Technology - Traditional  Increasing User Base Increasing Information Importance Non-Tactical Military Police and Se...
Comms Technology – New Positioning Fixed Telephony Cellular - GSM PMR TETRA Increasing User Base Increasing Information Im...
TETRA for Emergency Services <ul><li>Disasters – both natural and man-made (PPDR*) </li></ul><ul><li>Major Incidents/ fire...
TETRA for Utilities <ul><li>TETRA technology provides users with dependable communication for installation & maintenance o...
TETRA for Transportation <ul><li>TETRA technology provides Transportation users with mobile communication designed for the...
Urgency & Importance of Info ‘ Life or  Death’ High (non- routine)  Low-to- Medium (routine) Immediate <1 sec Urgent  <10 ...
TETRA  spectrum efficiency 200kHz bandwidth GSM Half-rate GSM (future) PMR 25 kHz PMR 12.5 kHz APCO25 (US) Tetrapol TETRA ...
09/06/10 Traffic Flows for Cellular MOBILE NETWORK REGION  A Intra- Region  Calls - 10% PSTN Calls 85% 20% of PSTN Calls a...
09/06/10 Traffic Flows for PMR MOBILE NETWORK REGION  A Intra- Region  Calls - 90% PSTN Calls- 5% <1% of PSTN Calls are PS...
TETRA Codec - Block Diagram   4.567 kbps TETRA TETRA Channel Channel Encoding Encoding FEC+ CRC FEC+ CRC 7.2 kbps Importan...
TETRA & GSM - Codec Comparison MOS 4   Excellent quality : Imperceptible impairment MOS 3   Good quality :  Just perceptib...
TETRA Codec Performance Comparison with  analogue FM TETRA Low background noise FM Quality Range High background noise
TETRA Codec ETSI demo  2 phrases Analogue 2 phrases TETRA 1 Male Moderate C/N 2 Female Moderate C/N 3 Male Poor C/N 4 Fema...
Pagers with email PDAs with RF modems Cellular Phones Mobile Communications Convergence Notebooks Mobile Radios Tooth-phone
Services Comparison TETRA-Analogue  √ √ Limited (Selcall) Status  √ √ Short Data Service (SDS) √ Circuit Mode Data √ Packe...
TETRA and Other Standards   Features  Traffic Channel (kHz) Wide Area Coverage (WAC) Inherent Ease of Duplex  Telephony Se...
TETRA and Tetrapol  <ul><li>Tetrapol is based on Matracom - 1986 technolgy developed for French MoI </li></ul><ul><li>Prop...
TETRA and Tetrapol <ul><li>MYTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapol is an open, de-facto standard....................................
TETRA and GSM-R <ul><li>In competition with GSM-R TETRA won the Contract </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan High Speed Rail  </li></...
TETRA and GSM-R (2) <ul><li>Cologne-Frankfurt </li></ul><ul><li>177 km </li></ul><ul><li>47 km tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>5...
TETRA and GPRS / 3G Push-To-Talk <ul><li>Recent proposal for adding Push-to-Talk (PTT) facility to GPRS and 3G </li></ul><...
TETRA and GSM <ul><li>Use of GSM network is an attractive alternative to rolling out another nationwide PMR network for pr...
TETRA and GSM-BOS <ul><li>Viability of the GSM-BOS proposal hinges on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid standardision of key it...
TETRA and GSM-BOS <ul><li>Technical advantages of TETRA are functionalities which are not available in GSM mainstream (als...
TETRA and CDMA <ul><li>CDMA is a broadband technology designed for hi-volume consumer cellular market </li></ul><ul><li>Mi...
TETRA and CDMA <ul><li>According to Lucent: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3G solution is uneconomical for rural coverage </li></ul...
TETRA – Technical Opportunities <ul><li>Possible enhancement and upgrade to TETRA application interfaces include: </li></u...
TETRA Technical Opportunities <ul><li>Possible future enhancement and upgrade to TETRA application interfaces may also inc...
TETRA Market Opportunities <ul><li>Middle East -  the 2 nd  TETRA Middle East Conference in Dubai attracts 200 attendees <...
TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS <ul><li>@LIS is ALiance for the Information Society – a  4-year programme launched by EC...
TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS   PMR Technologies Marketed in Latin America MPT 1327 Tetrapol APCO  iDEN EDACS TETRA LTR
.. the toolbox for the professionals
TETRA Positioning INFORMATION (bit/s) DATA cordless DECT/ PHS MOBILITY satellite VOICE DATA GSM/ PCN  CDMA Trunked mobile ...
Technocop
personal comm..  & info. pack video camera attached to the personal weapon CIS using new antenna technology including an i...
TETRA In a Nutshell <ul><li>TETRA is cellular +  because,  in addition to mobile telephony (voice and data) : </li></ul><u...
TETRA – a 4WD / SUV of Mobile Comms !
Conclusions <ul><li>TETRA is following GSM experience that has shown that  standardisation & globalisation  are the key in...
Thank you! Thank You For more information on TETRA please visit www.tetramou.com www.etsi.org
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  • 2 10 Introduction Simoco International formerly Philips Radio Communications. Principle activities; Professional private mobile radio systems, Tetra digital radio systems, Command and Control, Police, Fire, Ambulance and Utilities. Presentation - Role for GSM in the Development of UMTS Structure How current mobile and personal systems are responding to the changes in society and meeting the needs of the personal communication user. The extent that GSM is meeting those needs. What is needed from the Next Generation - UMTS. How UMTS will evolve from GSM. How the development of UMTS is being managed across Europe. Integration of standards. Time table for introduction. but firstly some background to the societal changes which are occurring as we move to the information society.
  • 2 10 Introduction Simoco International formerly Philips Radio Communications. Principle activities; Professional private mobile radio systems, Tetra digital radio systems, Command and Control, Police, Fire, Ambulance and Utilities. Presentation - Role for GSM in the Development of UMTS Structure How current mobile and personal systems are responding to the changes in society and meeting the needs of the personal communication user. The extent that GSM is meeting those needs. What is needed from the Next Generation - UMTS. How UMTS will evolve from GSM. How the development of UMTS is being managed across Europe. Integration of standards. Time table for introduction. but firstly some background to the societal changes which are occurring as we move to the information society.
  • Subjective Assessment - Mean Opinion Score (MOS) For ‘clean’ speech, with IRS processed input (weighted input frequency characteristic), these results put both TETRA and GSM Full-rate codecs between Scores 3 &amp; 4.
  • Close to the base station at high carrier-to-noise ratio (C/N) and in areas of low background noise, FM quality just has the edge over TETRA, however, if there is high background noise TETRA gives superior quality. As the range from the base station increases and the carrier-to-noise ratio worsens, FM speech quality falls off gradually, but TETRA quality holds up for longer. PMR systems are frequently operating near their limits of coverage and this extra quality with TETRA is valuable.
  • TETRA channel subjected to various Error Patterns (Typical Urban and Hilly Terrain). Analogue channel noise set for comparable RF quality. Error/noise models are not the same, but are meant to represent equivalent conditions. 2 phrases - first for Reference Condition (FM), then for TETRA. 1 Male, medium audio level, moderate RF quality 2 Female, medium audio level, moderate RF quality 3 Male, low audio level, poor RF quality 4 Female, low audio level, poor RF quality
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  • /uploadedFiles/Files/Presentations/TWC04_10_Ranko_Pinter.ppt

    1. 1. TETRA Strategic Positioning Ranko Pinter TETRA MoU Association
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>TETRA market overview </li></ul><ul><li>What makes TETRA different </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other technologies incl. Tetrapol/ GSM/ CDMA </li></ul><ul><li>Future/ roadmap – TETRA & convergence </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    3. 3. TETRA Market * <ul><li>Total number of TETRA contracts has grown to 505 </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA market has expanded to 65 countries of the world </li></ul><ul><li>This represents 55% contract-growth and 16% country-growth over last 9 months </li></ul><ul><li>The fastest growing Market Sectors are Oil & Gas and Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>The fastest growing Regions are Northern Europe & Middle East </li></ul>* At July 2004
    4. 4. Global TETRA Contracts - by Region
    5. 5. Global TETRA Contracts - by Sector
    6. 6. TETRA Contracts Growth 1997- 2003
    7. 7. TETRA - Three Key Markets Private Operator PMR Self-provided PMR Public Operator PAMR Self-provided PMR Private Operator PMR
    8. 8. TETRA Versatility Mobile Data Mobile Radio Mobile Telephony Mobile Radio Mobile Data
    9. 9. Markets & Applications (Ansoff) “ Blue Collar” PMR / PAMR Voice Plus Limited Data Picture Messaging Internet & Intranet Extending TETRA to white collar workers in existing industry segments <ul><li>Extending </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality </li></ul><ul><li>to existing </li></ul><ul><li>PMR/PAMR </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Information Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring/ Tracking </li></ul>Vehicle Location/ Navigation Fleets Private Users Video Streaming New Related Existing New Related Existing Markets Application
    10. 10. Comms Technology - Traditional Increasing User Base Increasing Information Importance Non-Tactical Military Police and Security Customs and Excise Fire and Ambulance Mineral Extraction Transport and Utilities Business and General Commerce Consumer Fixed Telephony Cellular PMR Specialist
    11. 11. Comms Technology – New Positioning Fixed Telephony Cellular - GSM PMR TETRA Increasing User Base Increasing Information Importance Non-tactical Military (COTS) Police and Security Customs and Excise Fire and Ambulance Mineral Extraction Transport and Utilities Business and General Commerce Consumer
    12. 12. TETRA for Emergency Services <ul><li>Disasters – both natural and man-made (PPDR*) </li></ul><ul><li>Major Incidents/ fires </li></ul><ul><li>Incidents </li></ul><ul><li>RTA (Road Traffic Accidents) </li></ul><ul><li>Routine policing </li></ul>*PPDR=Public Protection and Disaster Relief
    13. 13. TETRA for Utilities <ul><li>TETRA technology provides users with dependable communication for installation & maintenance of power-lines and gas pipes especially critical at times of: </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Floodings </li></ul><ul><li>Storms </li></ul><ul><li>Other natural or man-made desasters </li></ul>
    14. 14. TETRA for Transportation <ul><li>TETRA technology provides Transportation users with mobile communication designed for their applications, e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Fleet Management, </li></ul><ul><li>Passenger Information </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA is equally suited to deal with their exceptional situations, e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Road closures/ diversions due to scheduled or unscheduled events, e.g. RTA, roadwork, public demonstration, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Timetable changes </li></ul><ul><li>Security alerts </li></ul>
    15. 15. Urgency & Importance of Info ‘ Life or Death’ High (non- routine) Low-to- Medium (routine) Immediate <1 sec Urgent <10 sec Non-urgent <1 min Information Importance GSM DECT TETRA Time-criticality of call set-up
    16. 16. TETRA spectrum efficiency 200kHz bandwidth GSM Half-rate GSM (future) PMR 25 kHz PMR 12.5 kHz APCO25 (US) Tetrapol TETRA 200 kHz carrier 8 channels 200 kHz carrier 16 channels 25 kHz channel 8 channels / 200 kHz 12.5 kHz channels 16 channels / 200 kHz 25 kHz carrier 4 channels / carrier 32 channels / 200 kHz
    17. 17. 09/06/10 Traffic Flows for Cellular MOBILE NETWORK REGION A Intra- Region Calls - 10% PSTN Calls 85% 20% of PSTN Calls are PSTN initiated MOBILE NETWORK REGION B PSTN/ ISDN Inter-Region Calls - 5% 80% of PSTN calls are mobile-initiated
    18. 18. 09/06/10 Traffic Flows for PMR MOBILE NETWORK REGION A Intra- Region Calls - 90% PSTN Calls- 5% <1% of PSTN Calls are PSTN initiated MOBILE NETWORK REGION B PSTN/ ISDN Inter-Region Calls - 5% 60% of Intra-Region Calls are to and from a Despatcher
    19. 19. TETRA Codec - Block Diagram 4.567 kbps TETRA TETRA Channel Channel Encoding Encoding FEC+ CRC FEC+ CRC 7.2 kbps Importance Factor Three levels of bit stream protection FEC analogue speech TX TX TETRA TETRA Voice Voice Decoder Decoder RX RX TETRA TETRA Voice Voice Encoder Encoder TETRA TETRA Channel Channel Decoding Decoding Hi Hi Med.. Med.. No No 4.567 kbps 8 KHz 8 kHz Sampling 16 bits 8 kHz 8 kHz Sampling Sampling 16 bits 16 bits 7.2 kbps Bad Frame Flag
    20. 20. TETRA & GSM - Codec Comparison MOS 4 Excellent quality : Imperceptible impairment MOS 3 Good quality : Just perceptible impairment, but not annoying MOS=Mean Opinion Score
    21. 21. TETRA Codec Performance Comparison with analogue FM TETRA Low background noise FM Quality Range High background noise
    22. 22. TETRA Codec ETSI demo 2 phrases Analogue 2 phrases TETRA 1 Male Moderate C/N 2 Female Moderate C/N 3 Male Poor C/N 4 Female Poor C/N TETRA FM Range Quality 1 & 2 3 & 4 Comparison with analogue FM
    23. 23. Pagers with email PDAs with RF modems Cellular Phones Mobile Communications Convergence Notebooks Mobile Radios Tooth-phone
    24. 24. Services Comparison TETRA-Analogue √ √ Limited (Selcall) Status √ √ Short Data Service (SDS) √ Circuit Mode Data √ Packet Data √ Telephony Supplementary Services: BIC,BOC,TPI,CLIP,CLIR, √ √ Direct mode √ √ Queued Call Good, even for poor C/I Poor for low C/I Poor for low C/I Voice Quality √ Concurrent Voice and Data √ Poor (Scrambling) End-to-End Encryption √ Comprehensive Security Features √ Ease of Duplex √ PMR Supplementary Services: AL,DGNA,AP,PC,PPC, DL √ √ Limited (Selcall) Individual Call √ √ √ Group Call TETRA Trunked Conventional Services & Facilities
    25. 25. TETRA and Other Standards Features Traffic Channel (kHz) Wide Area Coverage (WAC) Inherent Ease of Duplex Telephony Services PMR Services Priority & Pre-emption Call set-up Time < 0.5 sec Group & Broadcast Call Queued Call Comprehensive Security Terminal Autonomy (DMO) Robust Low-rate Codec Concurrent Voice & Data TETRA 6.25 GSM 25 DECT 166.6 APCO25 12.5                         
    26. 26. TETRA and Tetrapol <ul><li>Tetrapol is based on Matracom - 1986 technolgy developed for French MoI </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary technology developed by Matra whilst developing ETSI Standard with others </li></ul><ul><li>Named Tetrapol after ETSI named TETRA </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to have it adopted by ETSI as standard in 1998 comprehensively rejected </li></ul><ul><li>Today still a single source proprietary technology of EADS Telecom </li></ul>
    27. 27. TETRA and Tetrapol <ul><li>MYTHS </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapol is an open, de-facto standard........................................ </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapol is leading-edge and leader PMR technology </li></ul><ul><li>Schengen problem of TETRA Tetrapol interoparability is easy to solve </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency services can have Interoperability without sharing common technology </li></ul><ul><li>REALITY </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapol is a proprietary single-source technology not recognised by any Std. body </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapol is 1980s technology with declining order book </li></ul><ul><li>The only solutions, i.e. dual-mode or two terminals, were both found to be non-viable </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal even less viable because in addition to two, or dual mode, terminals - it requires duplication of networks as well. </li></ul>
    28. 28. TETRA and GSM-R <ul><li>In competition with GSM-R TETRA won the Contract </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan High Speed Rail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top speed 300 KM/hr. </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. TETRA and GSM-R (2) <ul><li>Cologne-Frankfurt </li></ul><ul><li>177 km </li></ul><ul><li>47 km tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>56 base stations </li></ul><ul><li>3,2 Km coverage average </li></ul>Source: http://www.cellular-news.com/story/7331.shtml <ul><li>Taiwan HSR </li></ul><ul><li>347 km </li></ul><ul><li>120 km tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>26 base stations </li></ul><ul><li>13,3 Km coverage average </li></ul>From GSM-R to TETRA x 2 x 2.5 x 0.5 x 4 Up to 4 times better coverage with TETRA than GSM-R
    30. 30. TETRA and GPRS / 3G Push-To-Talk <ul><li>Recent proposal for adding Push-to-Talk (PTT) facility to GPRS and 3G </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at the recreational / family use, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family holidays, camping, shopping, mother-to-child safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Qality of Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected call setup around 5 sec. & message delay 1-3 sec. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited group size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Supplementary Services like: Late Entry, DGNA, Ambience Listening, Discreet Listening, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only standard GSM security available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Threat? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delays by the non-informed decision makers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra opportunities for Consultants! </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. TETRA and GSM <ul><li>Use of GSM network is an attractive alternative to rolling out another nationwide PMR network for professional users like the Emergency Services </li></ul><ul><li>Due to inadequate functionality, GSM has so far been rejected in all countries that have considered it </li></ul><ul><li>This has not prevented several others repeating the same process, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norway (GSM-R; Telenor; Nexia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Denmark (UMTS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany (Vodaphone, with so called GSM-BOS) </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. TETRA and GSM-BOS <ul><li>Viability of the GSM-BOS proposal hinges on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid standardision of key items not tabled yet in ETSI, viz. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ADCI (Advanced Data Call Items) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivity Server Interfaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of professional dual-mode terminals GSM+TETRA DMO </li></ul></ul>ASCI = Advanced Speech Call Items ; ADCI = Advanced Data Call Items; DMO = TETRA DMO Connec-tivity Server ASCI features (incl. GSM-R and GSM 2+) and ADCI Public GSM Network
    33. 33. TETRA and GSM-BOS <ul><li>Technical advantages of TETRA are functionalities which are not available in GSM mainstream (also not in the near future). </li></ul><ul><li>Economic advantages of TETRA are mainly based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low bandwidth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shifting area group call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast call set-up times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GSM_BOS is similar to ill-fated GSM-Pro, promoted by Ericsson for several years and then abandoned </li></ul>Time for experimentation for BOS has long gone! The Usage Of Mainstream Technologies For Public Safety And Security (PSS) Networks Master’s Thesis at Helsinki University of Technology by Simon Riesen (Nokia) Shifting Area Group Call GSM TETRA
    34. 34. TETRA and CDMA <ul><li>CDMA is a broadband technology designed for hi-volume consumer cellular market </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum roll-out requires 2 x 1.25MHz for initial CDMA carrier (same frequency used in every cell) - provides 25-30 voice channels </li></ul><ul><li>Additional 2 x 1.25MHz per additional CDMA carrier </li></ul><ul><li>2 CDMA carriers plus guard bands will require around 2 x 3 MHz </li></ul>1.25 MHz CDMA Carrier #1 Narrowband Channels Guard Band Guard Band Narrowband Channels 1.25 MHz CDMA Carrier #2 Approx 3 MHz
    35. 35. TETRA and CDMA <ul><li>According to Lucent: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3G solution is uneconomical for rural coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower frequencies are the key to reducing the costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They are looking for support to have the 400 MHz range recognised by the ITU as an identified 3G band </li></ul><ul><li>Appears to be the strategy for getting into European market ”by the backdoor” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>East Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a cellular replacement technology for the old analogue NMT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lobby Administrations to Change TETRA PAMR licences (some enhancements were made to make CDMA more like PAMR). </li></ul></ul></ul>
    36. 36. TETRA – Technical Opportunities <ul><li>Possible enhancement and upgrade to TETRA application interfaces include: </li></ul><ul><li>USB - for hi-speed transfers via PEI </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth and or Wi-Fi - for cordless PEI </li></ul><ul><li>PC-card version of TETRA - for use with PDAs for data-centric applications. </li></ul>
    37. 37. TETRA Technical Opportunities <ul><li>Possible future enhancement and upgrade to TETRA application interfaces may also include : </li></ul><ul><li>Provision for embedding customer applications in the on-board free processor capacity ( as offered by various suppliers of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) modules ) </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of the TETRA terminal OS (operating system), either proprietary or better still an open one ( like EPOC from Symbian adopted by the GSM community ) . </li></ul>
    38. 38. TETRA Market Opportunities <ul><li>Middle East - the 2 nd TETRA Middle East Conference in Dubai attracts 200 attendees </li></ul><ul><li>Far East TETRA Conference in Korea attracts over 280 attendees </li></ul><ul><li>All Russian TETRA Congress Attracts 600 participants over three days </li></ul>
    39. 39. TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS <ul><li>@LIS is ALiance for the Information Society – a 4-year programme launched by EC </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA MoU is actively promoting TETRA via major Latin American Comms events including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Futurecom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telexpo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interseg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TETRA is the only multivendor PMR technology in Latin America </li></ul>
    40. 40. TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS PMR Technologies Marketed in Latin America MPT 1327 Tetrapol APCO iDEN EDACS TETRA LTR
    41. 41. .. the toolbox for the professionals
    42. 42. TETRA Positioning INFORMATION (bit/s) DATA cordless DECT/ PHS MOBILITY satellite VOICE DATA GSM/ PCN CDMA Trunked mobile radio MPT1327 TETRA INMARSAT-P GLOBALSTAR DAWS & 3G / UMTS R2 TETRA MESSAGING 144kb/s ISDN GROUP CALL BROADCAST CALL TELEPHONY CIRCUIT DATA PACKET-DATA 9kb/s 28kb/s 2Mb/s 155Mb/s GLOBAL CONTINENTAL INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL REGIONAL URBAN LOCAL SITE OFFICE
    43. 43. Technocop
    44. 44. personal comm.. & info. pack video camera attached to the personal weapon CIS using new antenna technology including an in-built GPS batteries and the support system visor with head-up display protective clothing, with built-in telepresence system, i.e.. sensors monitoring chemical, RF or radiation attack Technosoldier
    45. 45. TETRA In a Nutshell <ul><li>TETRA is cellular + because, in addition to mobile telephony (voice and data) : </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA enables time-critical non-routine, communication to the professionals operating in closed-user-groups, </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA offers a wide range of PMR services and higher levels of security & encryption </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA is designed to operate in the critical situations that require highly dependable - secure, robust and resilient - equipments and systems </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA is …... </li></ul>
    46. 46. TETRA – a 4WD / SUV of Mobile Comms !
    47. 47. Conclusions <ul><li>TETRA is following GSM experience that has shown that standardisation & globalisation are the key ingredients for success of any technology </li></ul><ul><li>Growing threat to safety and security of public is increasingly demanding the use of professional, robust & resilient communication equipments and systems, like TETRA - designed for the task </li></ul><ul><li>TETRA standard has propelled the PMR and PAMR onto the centre stage of the Global Mobile Communications </li></ul><ul><li>With addition of Release 2 enhancements TETRA will continue to compliment Cellular. </li></ul>
    48. 48. Thank you! Thank You For more information on TETRA please visit www.tetramou.com www.etsi.org

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