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THE POWER OF REGULATION Robindhra Mangtani, Director, GSMA


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THE POWER OF REGULATION Robindhra Mangtani, Director, GSMA

  1. 1. THE POWER OF REGULATION Robindhra Mangtani , Director, GSMA
  2. 2. The GSM Association <ul><li>The global trade group for the mobile industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>750 mobile operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>200 associate members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across 218 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remit is to innovate, incubate and deliver new opportunities for our members that drive the growth of the mobile industry </li></ul>REPRESENTING MORE THAN 3.5 BILLION MOBILE CONNECTIONS
  3. 3. ICT readiness drives economic development 0 2.5 3.5 3.0 0 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 4.5 4.0 5.0 5.5 6.0 Increasing ICT readiness (Digital opportunity index)** Increasing economic competitiveness (Global competitive index)* * Composite index of indicators relating to institutions, infrastructure, macro-economy, health, education, market efficiency, technological readiness, business sophistication, and innovation ** Composite index of indicators relating to coverage/access, tariffs, equipment penetration and broadband adoption Source: World Economic Forum; McKinsey Developed economies Emerging and developing economies
  4. 4. Broadband stimulates economic activity Source: McKinsey Examples BENEFITS OF BROADBAND South Korea Immediate value creation Multiplier effects Argentina Foreign direct investments Bangladesh, Malawi, Rwanda, Human capital formation Zambia Productivity increases Explanation GDP contribution from direct network investment Impact of broadband investment on suppliers of equipment, content, etc. Foreign direct investments as a result of good ICT infrastructure Increase in knowledge and skills as well as improved health services More efficient business processes because of connectivity Japan 1 2 3 5 4 Direct (ICT industry) Indirect (other industries)
  5. 5. For broadband - mobile is the answer 1.1 Billion Lines Only 1/6 world’s population 4 Billion Connections MOBILE NETWORKS WILL CONNECT THE WORLD Fixed Broadband Mobile
  6. 6. Making a real impact to India <ul><li>3G investment* in India will deliver over $70 billion economic benefit </li></ul><ul><li>India is estimated to have lost $16 billion (PPP) in the last 2 years, from spectrum delays </li></ul><ul><li>10% increase in broadband penetration delivers 0.1-1.4% GDP increase </li></ul>* Investment of $20 billion over 5 years Source: McKinsey, 2009; LECG, 2009. $ MOBILE BROADBAND HAS A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT TO ECONOMY GDP
  7. 7. Regulatory levers that influence economics for rural broadband deployment
  8. 8. What needs to happen next? MAKE MOBILE BROADBAND A REALITY The Indian Government should allocate the 3G/2.1GHz spectrum to drive the deployment of Mobile Broadband across India. The planning phase for the allocation of 2.6GHz spectrum must also start now if HSPA is to evolve for the benefit of the Indian population. India will need to make further spectrum available through the Digital Dividend to support the delivery of more widespread coverage in rural areas. <ul><li>Allocate a portfolio of spectrum, to maximise Mobile Broadband effectiveness </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why is 698-862 MHz so important for mobile? <ul><li>It is approximately 70% cheaper to provide mobile broadband coverage at frequencies (approx. 800MHz) than over 2100MHz </li></ul><ul><li>This means networks can be rolled out quickly, cost effectively, bringing cheaper services to consumers </li></ul>Source: SCF Associates Study Number of base stations 2 5 7 10 20 15 x1 x1.5 x3 x5 x7 x12 UHF Band
  10. 10. Planning Mobile Broadband Spectrum 100MHZ OF DIGITAL DIVIDEND WILL DRIVE MOBILE INVESTMENT <ul><li>Mobile’s share of Digital Dividend is essential </li></ul><ul><li>We suggest that 25% of the 400 MHz analogue TV spectrum should be allocated to new Mobile Broadband services </li></ul><ul><li>The soaring demand for Mobile Broadband requires additional spectrum </li></ul><ul><li>LTE needs harmonised spectrum – the lower the band, the better </li></ul><ul><ul><li>700MHz and 2.6 GHz bands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No spectrum; no incentive to invest in LTE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital TV can never be the engine of economic growth that mobile is proven to be </li></ul>450MHz 470MHz 698MHz 790MHz 3400MHz 2100MHz 862MHz 2500MHz 3600MHz 900MHz 1800MHz COVERAGE Low Cost of Deployment CAPACITY High Cost of Deployment MOBILE MOBILE MOBILE MOBILE
  11. 11. The GSM Family - Delivering on Promises GSM technology holds nearly two decades of proven development, proving a reliable future for investment decisions Source: Wireless Intelligence, June, 2009 HSPA+ peak theoretical data rate reaches up to 42 Mbps when using single carrier with QAM 64 and 2x2MIMO NEARLY TWO DECADES OF PROVEN TECHNOLOGY AND EXPERIENCE 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 HSPA+ 42 Mbps HSPA 14.4 Mbps GSM 9.6 kbps GPRS in 2000 GSM First call made in 1991 HSPA in 2005 3G in 2001 EDGE in 2003 HSPA+ in 2008 LTE 172 Mbps EDGE 473 kbps WCDMA 384 kbps GPRS 114 kbps 3G HSPA: 120 million cnt WCDMA: 238 million cnt 2G GSM: 3.8 billion cnt
  12. 12. Affordable Mobile Broadband 1400 Devices from 143 suppliers Connections today  plus 4 million per month Thriving ecosystem delivering competition and choice Global scale, driving down costs HSPA IS A MAINSTREAM, PROVEN TECHNOLOGY 245 commercial Networks in 108 countries Global network coverage, providing global roaming
  13. 13. Green Power for Mobile <ul><li>Driving operators’ use of renewable energy sources to power off-grid base stations in developing markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trials with MTN Nigeria, IDEA Cellular & Ericsson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofuels replace 18,000 litres of diesel per base station per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon neutral solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial with MTC Namibia & Motorola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution provided ~200kWh of power/week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports typical 1800W base station </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MTC saved ~5,230kgs of CO² annually </li></ul></ul>Wind & Solar Powered Base Stations Biofuel Powered Base Stations
  14. 14. Mobile Money for the Unbanked (MMU) CONNECTING THE DEVELOPING WORLD TO FINANCIAL SERVICES <ul><li>Programme will harness the ubiquity of mobile to provide financial services to people who were previously unbanked </li></ul><ul><li>1 billion people in emerging markets do not have a bank account but do have a mobile phone </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on 20 projects in Africa, Asia and Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Target to reach 20 million previously unbanked people by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation </li></ul>
  15. 15. Benefits to the people of India Agricultural News & Information Education Healthcare Entertainment Governance
  16. 16. THANK YOU!