tham luận


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

tham luận

  1. 1. Spectrum policy to promote mobile applications in Vietnam Mr. Doan Quang HOAN Director general, Radio Frequency Directorate, Vietnam
  2. 2. About Market Aspect (1) <ul><li>Global cellular mobile market situation </li></ul>
  3. 3. About Market Aspect (2) <ul><li>RFD’s observation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market continues grow, mostly in Asian developing countries: India, China, Pakistan,.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most subscribers and new subscribers are still 2G ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3G subscribers are mainly in developed markets. However, new networks in developing markets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenues of mobile operators mainly come from voice and SMS applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing competition to 3G from mobile WiMAX in providing high data speed applications </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. About Market Aspect (3) <ul><li>Viet Nam country profile: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population: 83 millions, 65% under age of 30 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land size: 320.000 sq km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal line: 3200 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GDP per capita (2006): 720 USD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GDP growth rate: 8% annual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent accession to WTO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast recent growth of foreign investment in both FDI and FII </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. About Market Aspect (4) <ul><li>Telecom market in Viet Nam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Facility Based Operators-FBO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 nationwide cellular operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 GSM operators (in 900 MHz, 1800 MHz bands) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 CDMA operators: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S-phone, Hanoi Telecom operate in 800 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EVN Telecom in 450 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA 2000 1x and 1x EV-DO technologies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local “limited mobility” networks: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 PHS based networks in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh city </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 CDMA WLL based in 4 provinces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 operators conduct trials of fixed WiMAX in 3.3 GHz band </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. About Market Aspect (5)
  7. 7. About Market Aspect (6) <ul><li>Mobile market: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just growing rapidly in recent years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>70.8% telephone subscribers are mobile users, 29.2% are fixed, limited mobility users at end of Mar-2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition is relatively hard with 6 operators: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GSM providers : 92% mobile subscribers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA providers: 3G-style services but account only 8% subscribers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice and SMS are main applications and revenues for operators. Content applications are still relative poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data applications grow but gradually. No clear evidence of consumer demand for next generation networks. Upgrading from 2G network to 3G network lacks of driving force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still low mobile penetration (26,5% at end of Mar-07)-> market continue develop in near future </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. About Market Aspect (7) <ul><li>Broadband market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High growth in recent years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for higher and higher broadband access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed ADSL is growing fast & the key player in market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet penetration:4% in 2004, 18.4% in Mar 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customers sometimes wait to get ADSL subscribed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX trials still technical limited </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (1) <ul><li>Bands used globally for commercial networks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSM technology: GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz, E-GSM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA technology: CDMA 800 MHz, CDMA 1900 MHz, CDMA 450 MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3G/ IMT-2000 : 1900-2200 MHz band and possible 2500-2690 MHz band </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Viet Nam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both main technologies GSM, CDMA are given spectrum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GSM: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GSM 900 MHz and GSM 1800 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Current extension of spectrum from 2x13.2 MHz to 2x20 MHz/operator in 1800 MHz to facilitate their development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CDMA 800 MHz and CDMA 450 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to provide operators more spectrum in 800 MHz band in 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (2) 1710 1785 1805 1880 1895 1900 MHz 824 829 845 869 874 890 915 935 960 MHz Detail Allocations to mobile operators VNF= Vinaphone, MF= Mobifone, VTL= Viettel Mobile, Rs = reserved, FS=Fix Service, MS = Mobile Service 452.73 457.02 462.73 467.02 MHz CDMA (EVN Telecom) 1x 4.3 MHz CDMA (EVN Telecom) 1x 4.3 MHz MS FS MF VTL VNF MF VTL VNF HT SF HT SF GSM 3 x 8 MHz FS MS GSM 3 x 8 MHz CDMA 2 x 8 Mhz CDMA WLL 5MHz MS FS CDMA 2 x 8 MHz CDMA WLL 5MHz Rs VTL MF VNF Rs VTL MF VNF PHS (City phone) MS GSM 1800 3x20MHz + 15MHz MS GSM 1800 3x20MHz + 15MHz
  11. 11. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (3) <ul><li>IMT-2000: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No operators at the moment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bands allocated to terrestrial component: 1900-1980MHz, 2010-2025MHz and 2110-2170 MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each operator will be granted 2x15MHz FDD in 1920-1980/2110-2170MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each operator will be granted 5MHz TDD in 1900-1920MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010-2025MHz is reserved to other IMT-2000 applications, each network will be granted minimum 5 MHz </li></ul></ul>1900 1920 1980 2010 2025 2110 2170 2200 MHz IMT-2000 FDD ( Uplink ) IMT-2000 TDD IMT-2000 TDD IMT-2000 FDD ( downlink ) MSS MSS
  12. 12. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (4) <ul><li>Spectrum for WiMAX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency plan is being drafted and completed this year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency bands: 2300-2400 MHz, 3300-3400 MHz and a part or whole of 2500-2690 MHz band </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Band 3400-3600 MHz is reserved to Vinasat satellite. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each operator should be received at least # 30 MHz </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (5) <ul><li>Possible new bands for next mobile generation networks (IMT): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue is being discussed and may be decided at WRC -07 held in Geneva from 22 Oct- 16 Nov 2007. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate bands include: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No clear global support to any band at the moment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ITU-R WP8F considers adoption of IP-OFDMA (mobile WiMAX based technology) to IMT standard family. Next meeting is 23-31 May 2007, Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>2700-2900 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>3400-4200 MHz </li></ul><ul><li>4400-4990 MHz </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>410-430 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>450 – 470 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>470-806/862 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2300-2400 MHz </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Spectrum allocation in Viet Nam (6) <ul><li>RFD’s current view on new bands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support identification of bands: 450-470 MHz, 2300-2400 MHz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not support bands: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>470-806 MHz as this band used heavily to broadcasting, including mobile TV, networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3400-4200 MHz as it is used for satellite applications </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Licensing policy (1) <ul><li>Service licensing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create competitive market with 6 national mobile license </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control service prices of dominant operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equitize GSM operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow foreign ownership according to WTO accession commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote development of content applications </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Licensing policy (3) <ul><li>3G and WiMAX licensing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand is higher than supply (due to limited spectrum available) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licenses will be granted within this year to winners of beauty contest. It is the first time ever beauty contest. Requirements is being drafted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Max 4 licenses for 3G in 1900-2200 MHz band </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers of WiMAX license will be determined following frequency plan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology may be neutral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operator may provide all types of services in licensed bands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep spectrum charge for 3G not higher than one applied to 2G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beauty contest will be conducted this year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Under regulations in force, license trading is not allowed </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Licensing policy (4) <ul><li>Future policy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Radio Law will be built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A various issues will be considered: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a refarming fund to accelerate spectrum refarming for new technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures of conducting beauty contest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology neutral and service neutral licensing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum auction, license trading or not? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Welcome contributions from industry in policy making process </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention Contact us at: Radio Frequency Directorate 115 Tran Duy Hung Rd, Hanoi Telephone: +84 4 556 49 16 Facsimile: + 84 4 556 49 30