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Four principles of ethics

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ethics in public health

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Four principles of ethics

  1. 1. Four Priciples of Ethics By : Dr Gargi Sinha MBBS( Lady Hardinge Medical College, India ) , Grad. Dip Public Health(Edith Cowan University, Australia)
  2. 2. 1.Beneficenc e 2.Autonomy
  3. 3. 3.Justice 4.Non- maleficence
  4. 4. Beneficene Provide benefit or help For example: 1.screening services 2.Promoting vaccination 3.Pasteurization of milk http://www.who.int/bulletin/volum es/86/8/08-052431/en/
  5. 5. Autonomy Moral right to choose Respect the privacy Protect confidential information Informed consent
  6. 6. 1.Beneficenc e 2.Autonomy Ethical dilemma
  7. 7. 1.Beneficenc e 2.Autonomy Example- Policy for smoking Benefit the community But not ensuring the right to choose for an individual Can lead to victim blaming of a smoker
  8. 8. Justice The distribution of resources should be fair • Social Justice Services should available for everyone • For example ,underprivileged can also assess medical facilities
  9. 9. Non - maleficence Refrain from doing harm • Ensure that you do not harm 1 Do not hide the truth • Tell the truth 2 The Tuskegee Experiment is an example of doing harm and hiding truth for personal gain of researchers https://www.cdc.gov/tuskegee/timeline.htm
  10. 10. References http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/8/08-052431/en/ https://www.cdc.gov/tuskegee/timeline.htm
  11. 11. THANK YOU

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