Palm island Construction with Management 5 Ms


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Welingkar Institute of Management Development and Research
By Gargi Kapadia

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Palm island Construction with Management 5 Ms

  1. 1. PALM JUMEIRAH Wonderful and Audacious Project of the Globe
  2. 2. Correct Resources The 6th ‘M’ Engineering A summary on how this audacious project came into existence by utilizing the:
  3. 3. The 6th ‘M’: MANAGEMENT Effective Utilization of Resources to ACHIEVE Business Objectives.
  4. 4. 5 Important Resources for any Business:5 M’s Man Material MachineMoney Market 5 M’s A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced. For any Business, there should be the right innovations, and these 5M’s are important for the overall achievement of innovations. + 6th M
  5. 5. PALM JUMEIRAH: THE MAN-MADE ARTIFICIAL ISLAND • DUBAI : Stretching 5 1/2 kms from the Arabian Gulf lies the most Audacious Engineering Project the world has ever seen. Palm Jumeirah is so vast it can be seen from Space.
  6. 6. PURPOSE: • Middle East, Dubai : Jewel of the Arab World. • Richest places built on the Profit of its Oil Reserves. • Problem on the Horizon: Oil Run Out. • Disaster for the Economy. • New Source of Income.
  7. 7. VISION: • $2 Billion Plan – to save his country. • Ordered his Kingdom to transform into Worlds No. 1 Luxury Tourist Destination. • 5th M : Market • Perfect Spot – Mass Tourism • 5 million Tourists Annually • Triple it to 15 million. • 4th M : Money
  8. 8. OBJECTIVE • Building a CITY at SEA. • Covered with – Luxury Villas, Apartment and Town homes, Entertainment Areas, Shopping Malls, Restaurants, etc..
  9. 9. PROBLEM • Coastline of Dubai – 72 kms long • No enough space – for extra 10 million people
  10. 10. SOLUTION • Extend Coastline • Task – Nakheel Constructions (held by government of Dubai) • Circular Island – Increases Coastline by 7kms
  11. 11. HIGHER VISION • Circular Island – extra 7 kms • Why not 70 kms? • Back to Drawing Board • Prince works on Design- to increase beachfront
  12. 12. THE DESIGN • Paradise Island – shape of a Palm Tree with Crescent shape Breakwater • Coastline – Increased by 56 kms • 9 times more than circular island.
  13. 13. THE CHALLENGE • To Blend with surroundings – island must be entirely made of natural materials, SAND and ROCKs. • Engineers must race against time and battle constantly against nature byearthquakes, violent storms and erosion from the sea. • Every day, engineers tried to prevent the destruction of what
  14. 14. Project Timeline 1st Stage 2000: Project Announcement 2001-03: Breakwater Construction 2nd Stage 2003: Land Reclamation Completion 2004-06: Constructing City 3rd Stage 2006: Partial Completion 2008: Final Completion
  15. 15. Breakwater Construction: Man • Coastal Researchers and Environmentalists • Experts in Land Reclamation – The Dutch Team • Developers - Nakheel Properties and Project Manager – Robert Berger • Engineers – Best from Northern Europe and Holland • Laborers – All over the globe Materials • Sand - 94 million cu. Mts. • Rock - 5.5 million cu. Mts. Machines • Barges, Tugboats, Dredgers, Heavy Land based Machine, Floating Cranes, etc • Satellite • GPS Technology
  16. 16. Coastal Research Team • The Arabian Gulf: Perfect place to build this mega structure. • 160kms wide : too short • 30m deep : too shallow • Final Calculations : Breakwater must be 3m high above the waves and 11 ½ kms long For catastrophic waves
  17. 17. August 2001: Beginning • Massive island is being constructed out at sea, using only natural materials, sand and rock. • Water causes erosion of sand and rock.. • Every day, engineers were trying to prevent the destruction of what they built. • They've only 2 years to build this massive 11 ½ kms sea wall.
  18. 18. • 1st step: Build up the Sea Floor. • Machines required : 9barges, 15 tugboats, 4dredgers, 30 heavy land-based machines and 10 floating cranes. Barges Tugboats Dredgers heavy land based machines
  19. 19. • 3 massive dredgers take up a thin layer of sand from the barren sea bed nearby. • Dump the sand in a layer up to 7.4 mts thick. • This is done while the sea is at its calmest.
  20. 20. To keep it in place, barge-loads of rubble are dropped on top of this. This bed of rock will raise the breakwater from 4m below sea level to 3m above.
  21. 21. Need of Rocks: • Sourcing Rock - blasted out of the mountains. • Rocks are piled onto barges and shipped to the construction site. • Each Rock - 6 tons. • 40,000 tons of rocks are delivered per day. • The density, size, strength and permeability of each boulder is crucial. • Positioned by cranes, each rock must interlock with the next to withstand the full force of the sea. • This stone wall must last for centuries.
  22. 22. Constant Check: • Breakwater is in the right place and the rocks are stable. • Send in divers to pinpoint and check every meter of it. • A detailed study of the breakwater rocks below the water is noted. • Every 27 mts, a diver surfaces to record the location of the rocks they're checking. • The reading is taken from a man based on land.
  23. 23. April 2002: Need for Sand • Desert sand - wrong material, too fine particles to cling together. • Sand: coarse, packs densely and is more resistant to wave impact. • Sand found at 6 miles out at sea. • Pumped through a pipe and sprayed into place at 10 mps. • This process is called Rainbowing. • The rainbowed sand builds into a sandbar, rising up to 4mt out of the water.
  24. 24. The Fear: Is the Palm going in shape? • Doubt on construction - Dubai has a trick 676 kms up in space. • Access to the only privately-owned satellite in the world. • The satellite, IKONOS, orbits the Earth, taking pictures that prove the island is totally on track.
  25. 25. August 2002: Mould Palm Shape Accurately • Shaping Accurately – using state-of-the-art technology. • Team of five men - walks the perimeter of the island every day as it takes shape. • Heavy packs strapped at back, these mobile receivers create a grid reference for the island.
  26. 26. GPS Technology: • Receiving signals from space and a fixed position on land, the height and position of the sand bars is recorded. • With these coordinates, dredgers can sail into the exact position and rainbow the sand with pinpoint accuracy.
  27. 27. October 2002: Water Stagnant • Sea not circulating around. • Tides are not flushing the system properly. • Clean water is not moving fast enough round the inner waterway. • The water is in serious danger of becoming stagnant.
  28. 28. A Small Change: • 2 Breaks in sea wall. • 2 four-lane bridges link the sections of the breakwater. • 2 openings - enough fresh flowing water can get into system. • Twice a day, the tide enters the structure, pushing clean water around the fronds. • 2 weeks - the entire waterway is replenished.
  29. 29. Testing Water • Environmentalists - test the water every day to check that the system is working. • The return of algae and stagnant water is something they can't allow. • With the water quality assured, the project is back on track.
  30. 30. August 2003: Breakwater Completed • The island reclamation is finished. • Palm Island has 3 major parts : The Crescent, The Trunk and The Fronds.
  31. 31. Long Way to Go • Stage 1 is only completed. • Now to fulfill the crown prince's dream. • This sand island must support an entire city.
  32. 32. December 2003: Wake-up Call • Bam in Iran - earthquake measuring a massive 6.6 • Multiple quakes hit Dubai 480 kms across the Arabian Gulf. • It's a wake-up call to the palm island project. • If the epicentre hit Dubai, it could spell disaster.
  33. 33. Liquefaction • Lateral forces of an earthquake can make the island disappear. • This terrifying phenomenon is called liquefaction. • It happens when a quake shakes the Earth's surface, causing sand particles to move. • As the sand compacts, it pushes the water between the particles upwards, making the ground liquefy. • It means the island would sink back into the sea.
  34. 34. Strong Base: • Support this city at sea. • Before any houses can be built, Island must be made strong enough to prevent it from liquefaction. • The engineers work out, they need to compact a layer of sand 12 mts deep, too deep to compact by normal road roller. • The only solution is a process called Vibrocompaction.
  35. 35. January 2004: Vibrocompaction • 15 machines - to firm up the land. • Probes drill over 200,000 holes into the ground across the surface of the island. • High-pressure water and air drives each probe deep into the earth. • This shaft then vibrates, shaking the ground around it. • The earth is compacted. • As the sand compacts and sinks, more sand is poured in until the area around the probes is rock solid. • It takes the team 8 months to stabilize the 17 palm fronds, but it has to be done to ensure the safety of 120,000 people who will live and work here.
  36. 36. March 2004: Building Site • Thousands of trucks and cranes, tons of supplies, and 2,000 labourers descend on the island. • This is the most complicated part of the project, the installation of the infrastructure. • Gas pipes, electricity cables, water supply and buildings. • In two years, they must build an entire city at sea.
  37. 37. January 2005: Critical Stage • Now engineers turn their attention from sand and rock to concrete, glass and steel. • 850 buses ferry the 40,000- strong Asian workforce on and off the island in two 12-hour shifts. They'll work in gruelling temperatures of up to 48 degrees Celsius. • As well as thousands of people, millions of tons of concrete and steel are shipped in from around the world and driven onto the palm. • Fifty-one different contractors build houses, roads, canals, shopping centres, sewage plants, and each part of the jigsaw must meet the next perfectly.
  38. 38. August 2006: The First Release • The 3rd stage of the Project. • When the palm was first released to the public, all the houses were sold in just 3 days. • The most expensive go for $1.2 million. • David Beckham and the England football team are amongst the owners. • There are over 1800 villas still to build on the palm fronds. • The deadline of 2008 should be met.
  39. 39. 20th November 2008: Grand Opening
  40. 40. The Palm Island has 3 major parts: the trunk, the fronts and the crescent.
  41. 41. The Trunk: The trunk consists of many shoreline apartments, 2 major roads, bridges and monorail at its centre.
  42. 42. Trunk : 8,000 Apartment Complexes
  43. 43. Monorail
  44. 44. The 17 Fronts: These are leaf shaped part of the island consisting thousands of villas on the two sides with private beach and a road in the middle.
  45. 45. 17 Fronts - 8,000 Villas
  46. 46. The Crescent: It is the curved shape around the palm island whose total length is of 12kms. The famous hotel ATLANTIS is located at the middle of the crescent.
  47. 47. Hotel Atlantis
  48. 48. Interior of Atlantis
  49. 49. Jumeirah Zabeel Saray
  50. 50. 220 Shopping malls and Restaurants
  51. 51. 36-storey Palm Tower
  52. 52. Artificial Coral Reef : House to Many new aquatic species
  53. 53. • The palm island puts DUBAI on the MAP. • So far, the palm island is completely SOLD OUT. • The island stands here against the nature, proving that engineers can and will continually push the boundaries of engineering technology, and how a perfect management and effective utilization of all resources can create wonders in world. • The palm island is truly an awesome mega structure the world have ever seen.
  54. 54. THANK YOU