Iea2010key Graphs

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Key graphs to support IEA release

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Iea2010key Graphs

  1. 1. KEY GRAPHSKEY GRAPHS © OECD/IEA 2010
  2. 2. FossilFossil--fuel subsidiesfuel subsidies are distorting price signalsare distorting price signals Economic value of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies by country & type, 2009 © OECD/IEA 2010 Fossil-fuel consumption subsidies amounted to $312 billion in 2009, with oil products accounting for almost half of the total
  3. 3. Emerging economies dominateEmerging economies dominate the growth in demand for all fuelsthe growth in demand for all fuels Incremental primary energy demand by fuel & region in the New Policies Scenario, 2008-2035 © OECD/IEA 2010 Demand for all types of energy increases in non-OECD countries, while demand for coal & oil declines in the OECD
  4. 4. China's role in global energyChina's role in global energy is set to expand furtheris set to expand further China’s share of the projected net global increase for selected indicators in the New Policies Scenario © OECD/IEA 2010 Developments in China’s energy system will have major implications for global supply & demand trends for oil, natural gas & coal, as well as prospects for limiting climate change
  5. 5. Coal remains the backboneCoal remains the backbone of global electricity generationof global electricity generation Coal-fired electricity generation by region in the New Policies Scenario © OECD/IEA 2010 A drop in coal-fired generation in the OECD is offset by big increases elsewhere, especially China, where 600 GW of new capacity exceeds the current coal capacity of US, EU & Japan
  6. 6. RenewablesRenewables enter the mainstream…enter the mainstream… if there is enough government supportif there is enough government support Annual global support for renewables in the New Policies Scenario © OECD/IEA 2010 Government support remains the key driver – rising from $57 billion in 2009 to $205 billion in 2035 – but higher fossil-fuel prices & declining investment costs also spur growth
  7. 7. Oil production becomes less crudeOil production becomes less crude World oil production by type in the New Policies Scenario © OECD/IEA 2010 Global oil production reaches 96 mb/d in 2035 on the back of rising output of natural gas liquids & unconventional oil, as crude oil production plateaus
  8. 8. Caspian energy riches could enhanceCaspian energy riches could enhance global energy securityglobal energy security Incremental oil production by selected country in the New Policies Scenario, 2009-2035 © OECD/IEA 2010 Kazakhstan drives an increase in Caspian oil production to 5.2 mb/d by 2035, whileTurkmenistan & Azerbaijan push up gas production to over 310 bcm
  9. 9. A fundamental shift inA fundamental shift in transport technology is neededtransport technology is needed Sales of electric & plug-in hybrid vehicles in the 450 Scenario & CO2 intensity in the power sector by scenario © OECD/IEA 2010 Advanced vehicles, which represent 70% of new car sales by 2035, make a big contribution to emissions abatement, underpinned by a dramatic decarbonisation of the power sector
  10. 10. Climate policies can driveClimate policies can drive an early peak in oil demandan early peak in oil demand Change in oil demand by region in the 450 Scenario compared with 2008 © OECD/IEA 2010 Oil demand peaks at 88 mb/d before 2020 & falls to 81 mb/d in 2035, with a plunge in OECD demand more than offsetting continuing growth in non-OECD demand

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