Sigmund Freud


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • This presentation demonstrates the new capabilities of PowerPoint and it is best viewed in Slide Show. These slides are designed to give you great ideas for the presentations you’ll create in PowerPoint 2010!For more sample templates, click the File tab, and then on the New tab, click Sample Templates.
  • Sigmund Freud

    1. 1. Garen YöndemSigmund Freud
    2. 2. Main Headlines1 Freud’s Personality Perspective2 Freuds Energy Types3 Freuds Defence Mechanism Theory4 Freuds Stages of Psychosexual Development5 Freuds Iceberg Theory The tendency of aggression is an innate, independent, instinctual disposition in man, it constitutes the most powerful obstacle to culture. Sigmund Freud
    3. 3. Freud’s personality perspective According to Freud, we are born with our Id. The id is an important part of our personality because as newborns, it allows us to get our basic needs met. Freud believed that the id is based on our pleasure principle. When a child is hungry, the id wants food, and therefore the child cries. When the child is uncomfortable, in pain, too hot, too cold, or just wants attention, the id speaks up until his or her needs are met. The id doesnt care about reality, only its own satisfaction. When the id wants something, nothing else is important. The second personality type is called Ego. The ego is based on the reality principle. The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run. Its the egos job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration the reality of the situation. By the age of five, stage of development, the Superego develops. The Superego is the moral part of us and develops due to the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our caregivers. In a healthy person, according to Freud, the ego is the strongest so that it can satisfy the needs of the id, not upset the superego, and still take into consideration the reality of every situation. If the superego becomes to strong, the person would be driven by rigid morals, would be judgmental and unbending in his or her interactions with the world.
    4. 4. Freud’s energy types It’s common usage means sexual desire; however more technical definitions, referring to libido as the free creative or psychic energy an individual has to put toward personal development or individuation. Libido Within the category of sexual behavior, libido would fall under the appetitive phase wherein an individual will usually undergo certain behaviors in order to gain access to a mate.Sigmund Freud ... Death
    5. 5. Freud’s defence Arguing against an anxietymechanism theory provoking stimuli by stating it doesnt exist. Pulling into the unconscious. Denial Placing unacceptable impulses in Repression yourself onto someone else. Projection Returning to a previous stage of Regression development. Displacement Taking out impulses on a less Rationalization threatening target. Supplying a logical or rational reason as opposed to the real reason.
    6. 6. Freuds stages of psychosexualdevelopment Oral Anal PhallicDuration is between birth Age range is one and Between three and sixand one year old. three years old. years old. Enogenous zoneErogenous zone is mouth. Enogenous zones are is sex organs.Consequences are orally bowel and bladder. Consequences areaggression and orally Oedipus complex for boyspassive, which ends with and Electra complex forchewing gum or the ends girls.of pencils andsmoking, eating, kissing.
    7. 7. Freud’s iceberg theory Sigmund Freud had theory commonly referred to as the iceberg theory in which he proposed to split the human into three levels of consciousness. He said that every human had an unconscious, a preconscious, and a conscious level of their minds. According to this theory the unconscious min was the largest part, but also was the hidden or repressed part. This is show in the picture on the left as it is below in the water. Still even thouh this part was repressed according to Freud this part had the most influence.The middle section was called the preconscious The final part was the conscious part. This isor subconscious and this was the part that was the part of our mind weare aware of on a dailysometime acnknowledge by the brain and othe basis and makes most of our decisions andtimes was not. In the picture on the left this is thoughts. Still Freud said although this is theshown by it beign right a the water level and only completely visible part it is still mostlybobbing up and down above and below the affected and influence by the unconsciouswater line. lurking below.
    8. 8. General Developmental Psychology –