History of educational technology


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History of educational technology

  1. 1. Maria Katryn T. Calumpang
  2. 2. 3100 B.C., Egyptians devised a system of picture writing called hieroglyphics A. Education during the Ancient Times: Symbols usually represent a sound or a group of sound
  3. 3. Scribes , are group of men trained in the art of writing. They were the country’s chroniclers of events
  4. 4. Spartans education emphasized the development of the physical body coupled with discipline
  5. 5. Emperor Frederick I of Bologna • Chartered the first University B. Education during the Medieval Era
  6. 6. • Establishment of the Medieval University • Degrees offered were expanded • Write thesis, defend in public, before the Dean, facultas and rectors • Created the spark in writing textbooks
  7. 7. • Saracen or Arabs gave a significant contribution in the direction of education technology is today The aim of their education is to search for knowledge and the application of scientific facts to their daily lives.
  8. 8. • Their universities and library are the models in the entire Europe because the invented the printing press • They originated the scientific method of teaching
  9. 9. 3 Main Concerns Intellectual Aesthetic Scientific C. Education during the Renaissance Period The Age of Reawakening
  10. 10. John Locke Tabula Rasa
  11. 11. Johann Amos Comenius  First picture book  Pioneer in instructional technology
  12. 12. Use multi-sensory materials to teaching which is still use in Montessori schools of today Maria Montessori
  13. 13. D. Education during the Age of Naturalism Jean Jacques Rousseau  preservation of the natural goodness of the individual Aim of Education  the formation of society based upon the recognition of natural individual rights
  14. 14. Johann Herbart Herbartian Method of Teaching (5 formal steps to teaching) Preparation Presentation Comparison Abstraction Generalization
  15. 15. Johann Peztallozi  Believed that teaching is more effective if it proceeds from concrete to abstract  The use of actual and real objects that involve most of the senses
  16. 16. Friedrich Froebel  Father of kindergarten  Emphasized the use of actual objects which can be manipulated by the learners  Recommended the use of play and songs  This encouraged the writing of songs and discovery of games suited for the grades
  17. 17. E. Educational Movement in the 19th Century A pragmatist  Formulated the scientific theory of learning John Dewey
  18. 18. Edward Lee Thorndike  a connectionist  three primary of laws of learning Readiness Exercise Effect
  19. 19. Readiness: • implies a degree of concentration and eagerness • Individuals learn best when they are physically, mentally, and emotionally ready to learn Exercise: • principle of exercise states that those things most often repeated are best remembered • It is the basis of drill and practice • key here is that the practice must be meaningful
  20. 20. • principle of effect is based on the emotional reaction of the student Effect: • principle of effect is that learning is strengthened when accompanied by a pleasant or satisfying feeling • The student will strive to continue doing what provides a pleasant effect to continue learning
  21. 21. Development of Effective Educational Technology
  22. 22. 1932 Educational films were used as instructional media
  23. 23. • After the war developments in educational technology were seen like the use of programmed instruction by skinner B.F. Skinner • The taxonomy of educational objectives by Bloom Benjamin Bloom • The use of modularized instruction
  24. 24. F. Education in Contemporary Times