Study Guide - EDT – 511
Programmed & Computer
Dr. GAMBARI Amosa Isiaka
Department of Science Education
Federal University of Technology, Minna,
This Study Guide will help you to navigate your way through
the course and to provide answers to the large majority of
queries. This study guide is both available online and the
It is mandatory for students to read and understand this
study guide carefully at the beginning of semester. It
contains all necessary information and directives to facilitate
smooth running of the course.
If there is anything in the study guide that is not clear, please
consult your lecturer for clarifications and further assistance
before registering for the course.
Registration for this course is online, and you are expected to
pay your tuition fees and register for this course within two
January – 15th
1. COURSE INFORMATION
About the Course
This course provides opportunity for students to acquire
desirable knowledge about the concept of programmed
and computer assisted instruction.
Learners will acquire knowledge and skills in selecting
appropriate programmed and computer assisted
Learners will acquire skills and competencies in designing
and developing a suitable programmed and computer
assisted instructional package for classroom instruction.
1. COURSE INFORMATION
Name: Dr. Gambari, A. Isiaka
Consultation: Will be through: SMS messages;
Phone calls; E-mail; Skype; and Blogs
2. INTRODUCTION TO THE
Welcome to EDT 511: Programmed and Computer Assisted
This is a 3 Credit Unit Course.
The contact hour per week is 3 hours
In the previous course (CPT 311), you studied basic concepts of
computer hardware and software; application of computer in
education; and, classification of computer (by types of data
processed, by purpose, by age of technology, and by size).
The present unit depends on the previous ones you have studied
so far in this course. In this unit, we will discuss the concepts of
Programmed and Computer Assisted Instruction. This will
provides you with the necessary skills and competences in
designing and developing programmed and computer assisted
instruction package for teaching and learning.
This unit will enable you to have prerequisite knowledge on the
production of educational software. This course will help you in
future to become computer software specialists.
3. AIM OF THE COURSE
To produce competent science education teachers with
ICT knowledge and skills in developing programmed and
computer assisted instructional package for classroom
To understand the processes of designing and developing
Programmed Instruction (PI) and Computer Assisted
Instruction (CAI) package
To acquire skills in designing and developing PI and CAI
To write PI and CAI package for classroom instruction
General Aim: The course will develop the verbal, analytical and
critical skills of the students on PI and CAI.
Course Objectives: At the end of the course students should be
Define Programmed Instruction
State 5 main characteristics of PI
Mention the roles of classroom teachers in PI
Distinguish between three major types of PI
Identify some steps in productions of PI
Define Computer Assisted Instruction
Identify and discuss 5 modes of CAI
List 2 merits & demerits of each mode of CAI
Identify some basic steps in design and development of CAI
Design and Develop at least one unit of PI and one mode of CAI
in your area of specialization.
5. SYMBOLS AND ACRONYMS
Frame: It is a segment or sub-set of a programme
Branching frames: is alternative frames to which a learner is directed,
depending on the response to a stimulus to the branching point.
Linear frames: It is a sequential development of a material through
which all learners regardless of their response, must proceed in exactly
the same order.
Reinforcement: It is a process of strengthening with new force. It may
take the form of action, praise or knowledge of result, which has a
potential of making the response to reoccur when such situation arises.
Response: It is the effort of the learner to react outwardly or internally
to the stimulus received. It may take the form of a verbal response,
written response or selection from alternatives provided.
Stimulus: It is an activity or information that impinge on a learner
which can be manipulated by external forces.
6. TAKING THE COURSE (1)
The course outline is available on EDT 511 Final
Each topic is presented in a sequential order. Topics are
taken weekly using diverse teaching/learning methods.
A typical teaching-learning sessions for a module
comprises the following steps:
1. Access the introductory lecture on the blog
2. Review the PowerPoint presentations online/offline
3. Participate in online chat/discussion forum as arranged
4. Access and read other reference documents for the module
5 . Take the examinations
7. GUIDELINE FOR TAKING
A lecture unit will be uploaded on the course blog for the
students to access.
Audio and video downloads will also be available through
The CDs will be made available to each student on
registration and at intervals through the student support
Students will be given time to work with the materials
provided along with the topics
At a particular period in each week, learners will be
expected to participate in a chat or a discussion forum
The schedule for a chat/discussion forum will be
communicated to learners.
7. GUIDELINE FOR TAKING LECTURE
Self Assessment Exercise (SAE) will be administered at
the end of each lecture unit for learner’s self assessment
Tutor-Marked Assignments (TMA) (multiple choice) will
be provided for each module
List of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and answers
will be made available to learners online.
List of suggested readings will be made available to
learners through the lecturer’s blog
Additional instructions to facilitate learning may be
provided by teachers as deem necessary
7. GUIDELINE FOR TAKING LECTURE
The recorded CDs provided for theory and mastery of
skills should be watched carefully. This recorded
procedures on videos and CDs and other media will
enhance good performance in theory and practical
Learners are advised take time to read and watch all
support materials and video recordings.
Further readings on suggested websites will enhance
learner’s performance in the final examination. Make sure
that you read all recommended texts and information on
8 . GUIDELINE FOR TAKING
Students should have taken CPT 311 course before sitting
for this examination because it will not be taught in this
Learners are encouraged to read and understand the entire
contents to ensure good performance in this course.
Learners should revise the sample questions and practice
tests provided at the end of each lecture. This will help
them to assess themselves and promote revision before
taking the final examination.
Learners should be honest with themselves while taking
15. SAMPLE PRACTICE QUESTIONS
See the sample questions on EDT 511 Questions
Discuss any five advantages of programmed instruction.
Discuss five major advantages of CAI
Computer-Assisted Instruction has several modes, identify
the modes and discuss in detail the concept of drill and
A good programmed instructional material should possess
some distinct characteristics, discuss the main features of
Programmed instruction is an individualized instructional
technique of learning. This does not make the classroom
teacher useless, discuss four major roles of classroom
teacher in programmed instruction environment.
9. PREREQUISITES FOR
For any learner to be eligible to sit for the final examination
in this course, he/she must fulfill the following requirements:
must have registered for the course
must have taken EDT 511 course
must have 75% participation on online interactions
must have submitted all his/her assignments promptly
10. GUIDELINES FOR CONTINUOUS
Assessment in this course will be done by considering :
Active participation of learners in all interactive sessions,
Quality of written assignments,
Records of materials used as references in all assignments,
Regular feedback from teachers and learners, and
Performance in examinations.
GUIDELINE FOR ASSIGNMENT
All assignments should be submitted within the stipulated
time, late submissions will be rejected.
List of assignments for each topic is available in my blogs
Participation in group forum/chat room is 10%
Individual term papers is 10%
Group assignment and reports is 10%
Tutor Marked Assignment/test in forms of multiple choice
questions and short essays is 10%
End of course test takes one hour and students will be
informed when to log on to do the test.
Questions will be withdrawn one hour after it has been
11. GUIDELINES ON FEEDBACK
Feedback will be received through my blog site and e-mail.
Results of all assignments (scores) will be released within
72 hours of the deadlines.
Summary of records of learners’ participation in online
sessions will be available on my blogs
Learners can also share information with peers on the
feedback using e-mail
Students are required to submit their proposed topics for
term papers on the assignment
All student have a course adviser that can be contacted
through their e-mail address for information, clarifications
12. PENALTIES ON PLAGIARISM
The integrity of submitted written assignments would be
determined by the following:
1. Compliance with standards of writing English (grammar and
tenses, construction), Appropriate formatting, Adoption of
appropriate referencing format, Adequate referencing and
documentation of all materials used in doing the assignment).
2. Copying of other people’s work implies zero scores for the
3. Plagiarism involves using the work of another person and
presenting it as one's own. This carries significant penalties, such
Deduction of marks
Failure in the course
Referral to the Open Distance Learning disciplinary Committee.
In this section, all the definitions to all terms, jargon, unusual
wording and expressions found within the text will be listed (in
alphabetical order). Such as:
ALU – Arithmetic and Logic Unit
CAI – Computer assisted Instruction
CGA - Colour Graphic Adapter
CPU – Central Processing Unit
EGA - Enhanced Graphic Adapter
FAQ – Frequently Asked Question
PI – Programmed Instruction
VGA - Video Graphic Array
SAE – Self Assessment Exercise
SVGA – Super Video Graphic Array
TMA – Tutor Marked Assignment
14. INDEX / TAGGING
Here, important terms along with the page numbers where
they are mentioned will be listed (in alphabetical order).
THESE WILL BE COMPLETED LATER…..