+ Questions of ‘honour’ HBV as a form of violence against women Joanne Payton. HBVA, IKWRO and Cardiff University
+ Violence against women Violence against women is defined as ‘violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty.’ Convention to End Discrimination Against Women, General recom. 19(a)
+ Variance in intimate partner violence Women physically The rate of intimate partner attacked by spouses (%) violence against American females 60 declined 53% between 1993 and 2008, from 9.4 victimizations per 50 1,000 females age 12 or older to 40 4.3 per 1,000. 30 Against males, the rate declined 20 54%, from 1.8 victimizations per 1,000 males age 12 or older to 0.8 10 per 1,000. 0 Similar declines for Canada and Europe Kishor, S. and K. Johnson. 2004. Profiling Domestic Bureau of Justice Statistics Violence: A Multi-country http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=971 Study, Calverton, Maryland.
+ Violence against women across the life cycle Stage Form of violence Infancy Infanticide/sex selective abortion; psychological and physical abuse; differential access to food and medical care Childhood Female genital cutting; incest and sexual abuse; psychological abuse; differential access to food, medical care, and education; prostitution; trafficking; school-related gender-based violence Adolescence Dating and courtship violence; economically coerced sex; sexual abuse in the workplace; rape; sexual harassment; forced prostitution; trafficking; psychological abuse; forced marriage; dowry abuse; retribution for the crimes of others Reproductive Intimate partner abuse; marital rape; dowry abuse; honour killings; age partner homicide; psychological abuse; sexual abuse in the workplace; abuse of women with disabilities; forced prostitution; trafficking Old age Widow abuse; elderly abuse; rape; neglect Heise, L. 1994. Violence Against Women: The Hidden Health Burden. World Bank Discussion Paper, Washington, DC.
+ Violence against women by perpetrator group Female Family infanticide/ sex-selective abortion Differential Intimate partner Differential access to access to food/medical food/medical care State violence Others care Violence in Sexual trafficking Female genital pregnancy Street mutilation Psychological harassment Forced/child abuse by Workplace marriage intimate partner harassment Coerced Physical & sexual Stranger rape sex/rape violence (current or former Child abuse partner) Psychological abuse by family members Dowry murders Honour killings Adapted from Watts, C & Zimmerman, C. 2002. Violence against women: global scope and magnitude The Lancet. Vol 359
+ Honour-based violence: distinctive features Victims Perpetrators Community Young women Victim’s own Pressure to and teenage family act/approval girls May have no Lack of co- Collectivity/ history of operation with Collaboration physical abuse CCJ system Premeditation
+Building strategies;planning protectionEfforts to combat HBV, and to protectpotential victims, must be based in anunderstanding of its nature as a distinctivecategory of violence against women.
+Joanne PaytonInformation and Research OfficerIranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation www.ikwro.org.uk www.stophonourkillings.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org 07892 679472