ROMAN HSPANIA The Roman inheritance: The use of Latin in the scientific name of plants.Pisum sativum Triticum aestivum Citrus sinensis Linum usitatissimum Juglans regia Castanea sativaArce Program- Knowing and sharing the Roman Hispania
We won´t search the names of all theplants… We take this chance to read the work of La dama del Alba, by our countryman Alejandro casona We take notice of the aforementioned plants. We write down the Act, the page, the name of the character and the phrase. We look for the scientific name of these plants. we get informed about other aspects of each plant. we showe it in panels and multimedia format We make the test (slides 42-47) We note down the sources.
We use the deluxeedition commemoratingthe centenary of thebirth of the authorAlejandro Casona,La Dama del Alba,Centenary edition,Hércules Astur de Ediciones,Oviedo, 2003.
The illustrations in thiscarefully edited copy show theimportance of nature in thework of alejandro Casona
WALNUT TREEJuglans regia Rustic walnut furniture and an old clock First Act, p. 51. MARTÍN (Rough) – Then, itcould be to prune the walnuttree or to yoke the oxen. DoI have to remember how itwas? Third Act, p. 100.
Broom Cytisus scopariusGrandfather (cutting bread) – The loaf is still hot.It smells to florished broom.TELVA.- Broom and dried vine shoot; There´snothing best to heat the oven. And what do youthink of this golden colour? It´s is the last wheatof the place. First Act pp. 51y 52. 2nd SANJUANERA.- On the contrary, the genista sparks and squirms at the stake like a green witch. Third Act, p. 123.
GrapevineVitis viniferaTELVA.- (…) But he always broughtme the first cluster of the vine First Act, p. 56.MADRE.- Even the grapevines. Theevening is beautiful and the fieldssmell of summer.TELVA.- ¿Did you come to thetown?MADRE.- Yes I did. ¡And it is sounfamiliar! The grapevine of theforge reaches the corridor; In theorchard there are new trees Third Act, p. 101.
WheatTriticum aestivumMother.-Itis not the same. Your dear onesare underground, where the grass grows andthe wheat ears too First Act, p. 56.ANDRÉS.- (…) She is joung, She has her hairas the wheat and white hands like a reallady. First Act, p. 61.ADELA (Collecting her needlework,thoughtfull) – When she looks at thewheatfields she is not that way. Third Act, p.100.
Maíze - Zea maysTELVA.- (…) ¿Didn´t youwant to make a corn cake? First Act, p.53.PILGRIM.- There was once alittle town with cows likehoney and fields full of appletrees with white flowersbetween corn fields. Third act, p. 118.MARTÍN.- In the fountain,the water flower, and in thecorn, the red ear. Third Act, p. 140
Higuera Ficus carica TELVA.- and at the bottom, a fig tree leave to avoid the embers sticking First Act, p.53.PROGRAMA ARCE - Conociendo y Compartiendo la Hispania Romana
FIG TREEFicus caricaFALÍN.- The other day Ithrew one to the priest´sfig tree and everybodyscoldedme.ADELA.- The Acto tercero, p. 97ANGÉLICA.figs must havebeen unriped- I still see him asleep inmy arms with that littlesmile in his lips like twohoney drops on the ripedfigs Third Act, p. 138.
Rosebush Rosa caninaThe mill boy enters the farmyard smiling with a rosewhich places under his ear First Act, p. 54.PILGRIM.- I would also like to adorn myself with roseslike peasant women, living among happy children hanhave a handsome man to love. But when I go to cutroses all the garden gets frozen. Second Act, p 83. ADELA.- The queen, very jealous ordered to kill themboth. From her a white rose was born; from him ahawthorn. And the branches were growing up till theyjoined together… Third Act, p. 95MOTHER.- Even The houses seem whiter. And on the pathto the mill whild roses have grown. Third Act, p. 101.(The pilgrim, alone, looks with melancholy at the crown of roses (…) she drops themirror, she takes off the roses and she begins to take off the leaves) Third Act, p. 133.PILGRIM.- (She puts a crown of roses on her hair) Third Act, p. 138.QUICO.- Respected by four years of water, crowned with roses Third Act, p.143
OAK TREEQuercus roburTELVA.- Like an oak. Itwould have been hard toplunge an ax, but itflourished every year First act, p. 56.QUICO.- Do you like thebouquet? Oal, holly treeand laurel Third Act, p. 102.
Oak treeQuercus robur2º BOY.- And those ofthe mine uprooted theoak with all its roots Third act, p.122.PILGRIM.- a moment ofcourage, and yourmemory will be rooted inthe village like an oakfull of nests. Shall wego? Third Act, p. 138.
SaffronCrocus sativus MARTÍN.- (…) Eight thin hoofed young bulls with forehead of saffron to be the show of the fair. First Act, p. 58.
PeasPisum sativumTelva saves tablecloths andcarries the pottery to thekitchen, returning later with abasket of peas. First Act, p. 58.TELVA.- ¿do you want to helpme to shell the peas? First Act, p. 59.Telva, who has finished to shellher peas takes her knittingwork. First Act, p. 64.
Chestnut TreeCastanea sativaPILGRIM.- The river current is near the bigchestnut tree, isn´t it? First Act, p. 65.PILGRIM.- The handsomest horseman around thesemountains (…) next to the chestnut tree(…)GRANDFATHER (Triumphantl) – The big oak is onlyhalf mile away He will have surely passed by! Second Act p. 81.2nd SANJUANERA.- The city mayor wants to pruneall the chestnut lands Third Act, p. 122.ANGÉLICA.- Hidden away in the chestnut fields wesaw him ridding, with his gun to the back anddeath in his eyes Third Act, pp. 136-137.
Oranje TreeCitrus sinensis DORINA.- In the mountain, an orange tree… FALÍN.- In the orange tree a branch… ANDRÉS.- and on the branch four nests…two golden ones and two silver ones… First Act, p. 72.
FlaxLinum usitatissimum TELVA (without leaving her work) - ¡What a pity of aman! He seemed a Cristobalón with his crook and his beards of tow; but when he played the pipe, the birds rested on his shoulders. Second act, p.78
MistletoeViscum álbumGRANDFATHER.- (…) Asbeautiful as you want to looklike I know you are the weedin the wheat and themistletoe on the tree. Second Act, p. 82.
Apple TreeMalus domesticaADELA.- At night thesheets smelled ofapples and thewindows were filledwith starsSecond Act, p.86
RyeSecale cerealeADELA.- ¿And when not? Thegrass is getting rotten becauseof the damp in the shed, thepart of grain is eaten by miceand the barn is not fluff yet Third Act, p. 93
HawthornCrataegus monogyna ADELA.- No. The queen, very jealous, ordered to kill them both. From her, a white rose was born; from him, a hawthorn. And the branches grew up till they joined together… Third Act, p. 95 .
Hazelnut treeCorilus avellanaTELVA.- What arelief. There was onlyleft to bite the handthat heals you(Martín leaves) ¡Whata pity of hazelnutstick! Third Act, p. 100
Ash TreeFrascinus excelsiorMADRE.- There is nobetter timber for theblades of the wheelsthan the ash treewood Third Act p. 102.
Holly TreeIlex aquilolium QUICO.- ¿Do you like the bouquet? Oak, holly and laurel. Third Act, p. 102.
LaurelLaurus nobilis QUICO.- ¿Do you like the bouquet? Oak, holly and laurel. Third Act, p. 102. .
MossBryophyta sensu stricto PILGRIM.- She was like sleepy, in a misty dream, walking her floating hairs around the gardens full of moss and the slowly tenderness of her weightless hands. Third Act, p. 119.
Vine ShootVitis vinifera1st BOY .- Little less.The heiress gave ustwo cartloads withdried vine shoot. Third Act, p. 122.
GorseCalicotome spinosaTELVA.- In the yard there isa cartload of gorse and acouple of good oxen waitingfor the yoke. Keep themcompany Quico.2nd SANJUANERA- The gorseis the one who makes betterfire: It gives a red flame andit sounds like a pair ofcastanets when they burn. Third Act, p. 123.
HeatherCalluna vulgaris3rd SANJUANERA.- Iprefer the heatherwith its purplebellflowers burnsmore quietly and itsmells to summernaps Third Act, p. 123.
Hazelnut TreesCorylus avellana MARTÍN.- From hawthorn and cherry. Those who see the bouquet will know who has put them there, and what that white colour means. Third Act, p. 126.
SloePrunus spinosa MARTÍN.- From hawthorn and cherry. Those who see the bouquet will know who has put them there, and what that white colour means. Third Act, p. 126.
GeraniumGeranium …..ANGÉLICA.- It was mewho planted thesegeranium on thewindow Third Act, p. 135.
CloverTrifolium …1st SANJUANERA.-¡The four leavesclover! Third Act, p. 140.
MarshmallowAlthaea officinalisTELVA.- Bah, marshmallowblood. They seem to beeating the world, but whenthe tambourine chimes, theydon´t have breath enoughnor can shake the apron tothe music."Woe to my days!” Third Act, p. 142.
Morello cherry TreePrunus cerasusMOTHER.- There is leftin the cupboard cherrybrandy for the women. Third Act, p. 142.
EVALUATION Check at random on five slides that the appointment of the pages is well.
EVALUATION CHECK AT RANDOM ON FIVE SLIDES THAT THE SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF THE PLANTS ARE RIGHT
Complete the phrase with one of the words making clic on the right squareTELVA.- And under a _fig tree leaf_____not to stick the embers Acto primero, p.53. Nogal Fig tree Vid
Ficus carica es: The fig tree The broom The hazelnut tree
Crocus sativus es …. The oak The geranium The saffron
Señal cuál de las siguientes es la más citada y lee los textos: Fig tree Ficus carica VineVitis vinifera Rose tree Rosa canina
-The literary texts are by Alejandro Casona, from La Dama del Alba, Centenario edition, Editions Hércules Astur, Oviedo, 2003. the posters have been created by the students od Natural sciences of Cangas del Narcea High School, as cited in the explanation of the activity. - The pictures were taken from Internet: /www.agronomia.uchile.cl http://www.floravascular.com; classicnatureprints.com;,corsarionegro.wordpress.com;jardineriamu erdago.blogspot.com;lanaturaleza.es;sobre el muérdago: http://irlandairlanda.wordpress.com/2008/02/15/tradiciones-celtas- la-magia-del-muerdago/Árgoma: basozaina.com Brezo: http://perso.wanadoo.es/ulados/brezo.html (11-05-2012) - The power point, Word and the adaptation of the activity to the proyect “Knowing and understanding the Roman Hispania” has been made from the ARCE coordination organized by the MEC, At Cangas del Narcea secondary School.PROGRAMA ARCE - Conociendo y Compartiendo la Hispania Romana