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Health care reform: What to do now?


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Health care reform: What to do now?

  1. 1. A not-for-profit health and tax policyresearch organization Health Care Reform: What To Do Now? Grace-Marie Turner October 12, 2012 The CHAMBER Round Rock, Texas /GalenInstitute
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  6. 6. Source: Ari Melber,”POLL: Half of Americans Don’t Know How Court Ruled on Healthcare,” The Nation, July 4, 2012,
  7. 7. Americans agreed on goals for health reform… • The U.S. needs health reform to: – make coverage more affordable – assure quality, and – expand access to insurance • Most people rate their own coverage as good or excellent • They want stability. Change is for
  8. 8. Americans’ views of health law after Supreme Court decision• Americans say it will make things worse rather than better for taxpayers, businesses, doctors, and those who currently have health insurance.• Health care will be an extremely or very important issue for 82% of Americans in deciding their vote for the president in November.• Opposition to the law is higher now than before the Supreme Court decision.Sources: “Americans: Healthcare Law Helps Some, Hurts Others ,” Gallup, July 16, 2012, The New York Times/CBSNews Poll, July 11-16, 2012, “Kaiser Health Tracking Poll,” The Kaiser Family Foundation, July2012,
  9. 9. A not-for-profit health and tax policyresearch organization /GalenInstitute
  10. 10. What supporters highlight: – “Free” preventive care – Allowing “children” up to age 26 on parent’s policies – Pools for pre-existing condition policies – $250 for seniors with high drug costs
  11. 11. The health law in one graphSource: Avik Roy, “Fact-Checking the Obama Campaigns Defense of its $716 Billion Cut to Medicare,” Forbes: The Apothecary, August 16, 2012,
  12. 12. Employer mandate penalties For companies with +50 employees • $2,000 per year per employee for not providing coverage (minus first 30) • $3,000 per year for any employee getting insurance through the Exchanges * If an employer offers employee-only coverage that’s “affordable” to the worker, family members are not eligible for Exchange
  13. 13. Some things to think about1. Employers with <50 FTE EE’s have no 3k/2k penalty2. Employers with no employee’s accessing a subsidy face no penalty3. But employers offering qualified and affordable coverage can actually be hurting their employeesExample SCOTUS Success Boot Camp
  14. 14. Generous Subsidies inExamples: Exchanges• A person earning $42,000 a year with a family of 4 qualifies for $14,759 in new health insurance subsidies• A single person earning $20,600 qualifies for $5,156 in new health insurance subsidiesBut only if employer doesn’t offer coverage orif it’s not “affordable” (costs >9.5% of income)
  15. 15. Source: Frank Hill, “The High Cost Impact of More Regulation and Admin/Executive Staff on Health Care Inflation,” Telemachus, July 22, 2012,
  16. 16. Medical Practice Ownership40% ofdoctorssay theywill quitpracticein 2014 ifthe lawtakes “When the Doctor Has a Boss. More Physicians Are Going to Work for Hospitalseffect Rather Than Hanging a Shingle” By ANNA WILDE MATHEWS. The Wall Street Journal Nov. 8, 2010
  17. 17. Health care in 2012 • Legislation Depends upon the outcome of the election • Regulation 13,000+ pages so far • Legal Other court challenges continue The voters will ultimately decide on Nov.
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  19. 19. Other nations move toward change Consumerism Value of private enterprise and competition Doctor/patient relationship Decentralized decision-making
  20. 20. What we know for sure• CHOICE: Americans value innovation, diversity and choice to accommodate 300 million people• FOCUS ON THE PATIENT: They want doctors and patients, not government, to make health care decisions• VALUE IN HEALTH SPENDING: To realize the promise of personalized medicine and achieve overall cost saving, break down payment silos
  21. 21. Starting a fresh conversation  Engaging patients as partners in managing health costs and getting the best value for health care dollars
  22. 22. A market-based solution“Defined contributions” for health coverage A system that puts doctors and patients in charge of medical decisionsRestructuring financing for a 21st century healthsector• Medicare• Medicaid• Private Insurance
  23. 23. Common themesFocus on: Personal responsibility by recipients Better coordination of care Incentives for patient participation Doctors, not bureaucrats, decide Greater focus on patients
  24. 24. Better incentives for states Allow more choices for workers • Association Health Plans work! • Better safety net with functional high-risk pools • More competition that gives workers more choices of affordable coverage • Value the role of employers in facilitating a healthier
  25. 25. Growth of HSA-Qualified High-Deductible Health Plan March 2005 to January 2012 Note: Companies reported enrollment in the large- and small-group markets according to their internal reporting standards, or by state-specific requirements for each state. The “Other Group” category contains enrollment for companies that could not break down their group membership into large- and small-group categories within the deadline for reporting. The “Other” category was necessary to accommodate companies that were able to provide information on the total number of people covered by HSA/HDHP policies, but were not able to provide a breakdown by market category within the deadline for reportingSource: AHIP Center for Policy and Research (May 2012).
  26. 26. CDHC is many things…• A constellation of offerings that give consumers more power and control over health care decisions• New tools include: – HSAs, HRAs – New chronic care management programs – Consumer-focused centers such as MinuteClinics and RediClinics – Information support tools
  27. 27. CDHC plans are moderating costsConsumer-directed health plans show that realigning incentives can help states, employers, and consumers save money while boosting prevention and wellness
  28. 28. Source: Mercers National Survey of Employer-Sponsored Health Plans; Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index, U.S. City Average of Annual Inflation (April to April)1990-2009; Bureau of Labor Statistics, Seasonally Adjusted Data from the Current Employment Statistics Survey (April to April) 1990-2009.
  29. 29. Americans agreed on goals for health reform… • The U.S. needs health reform to: – make coverage more affordable – assure quality, and – expand access to insurance • Targeted subsidies for the uninsured • Portable insurance, equal tax treatment • More functional high-risk pools • Cutting Medicaid’s red
  30. 30. The future? • The global move toward consumerism is real, driven by greater patient demand for more control over decisions. • Health overhaul is law and will fundamentally change the U.S. health sector. But it’s not over yet!!
  31. 31. Grace-Marie Turner A not-for-profit health and tax policyresearch organization Galen Institute 703-299-8900 Subscribe to our free email alerts at /GalenInstitute
  32. 32. Why ObamaCare Is Wrong for America How does the health care law drive up costs? Is your doctor really in charge of your health care decisions? Are your Constitutional rights threatened? Discover the law’s impact on your life in a new book from four nationally recognized health policy experts Published by Broadside Books, an imprint of HarperCollins
  33. 33. Options for states…• Smart Medicaid reform – Healthy Indiana Plan – Florida’s Medicaid Reform Pilot – Rhode Island Global Waiver• Vulnerable populations in danger – Those already on Medicaid face more competition for fewer physicians – More on Medicaid shifts costs to private payers, forcing more to drop coverage