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Presentacion1.pptx

  1. 1. ÁFRICA Students: ● Rafael Gomero ● Álvaro Castro ● Nicolás Salas ● Gabriel Mecklenburg Grade and Section: ● 5° Grade “A” of secondary Subject: ● Social Studies
  2. 2. Countries that comprise it: Angola, Luanda Algeria, Algiers Benin, Porto – new Botswana, Gaborone Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou Burundi, Bujumbura Cape Verde, Praia Cameroon, Yaounde (Central African Republic), Bangui Comoros, Moroni Ivory Coast, Yamoussoukro Chad, N'Djamena egypt cairo Eritrea, Asmara Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Gabon, Free City Gambia, Banjul Ghana, Accra Guinea, Conakry Guinea-Bissau, Bissau Equatorial Guinea, Malabo Kenya, Nairobi Lesotho, Maseru Liberia, Monrovia Libya, Tripoli Madagascar, Antananarivo Malawi, Lilongwe Mali, Bamako Morocco, Rabat Mauritius, PortLouis Mauritania, Nouakchott Mozambique, Maputo Namibia, Windhoek Niger, Niamey Nigerian, Abuja Rwanda, Kigali Republic of the Congo, Brazzaville Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kinshasa Sao Tome and Principe, Sao Tome Senegal, Dakar Seychelles, Victoria Sierra Leone, Freetown Somalia, Mogadishu South Africa (Republic), Pretoria Sudan, Khartoum South Sudan, Juba Swaziland, Lobamba Tanzania, Dar el Salaam Tunis, Tunis Togo, Lome Ugandan, Kampala Djibouti, Djibouti Zambia, Lusaka Zimbabwe, Hare 54 COUNTRIES IN
  3. 3. NUMBER OF CITIZENS: ❖ Capitals with more than 5 million inhabitants: - Cairo, Egypt - Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. - Johannesburg (including Pretoria, capital of South Africa). - Luanda, Angola. - Khartoum, Sudan. - Nairobi, Kenya. - Abidjan, administrative capital of the Ivory Coast. ❖ African capitals with more than 3 million inhabitants: - Accra, Ganna. - Algiers, Algeria. - Dakar, Senegal. - Kampal, Uganda.
  4. 4. Typical Dishes: Bastela (Morocco): When I think of Arabic food I can never help but think of bastela, my favorite dish of Moroccan cuisine. A filo pastry cake filled with pigeon or chicken meat, onion, nuts and a touch of cinnamon, ideal to accompany a good lemonade with mint or an exotic Moorish tea. Delicious. Injera (Ethiopia): Injera is the name given to a typical Ethiopian bread made with teff flour, a plant that grows in the Horn of Africa. Injera is served together with different Ethiopian meats and stews such as spicy doro wat (chicken with gravy) or shiro wat, a kind of hummus with Berber spices. Piri piri chicken (Mozambique): During the years of colonization, Mozambique was the best link between the Portuguese and an India from which they arrived loaded with spices and fragrant aromas. An exotic combination that leads to dishes such as piri piri chicken, made with a sauce based on chili peppers and coconut cream.
  5. 5. Sorghum soup (Zambia): Sorghum is a type of grass that grows in the tropical areas of Africa characterized by the absence of gluten, a fact that will delight celiacs who try the sorghum soup based on this component, water, salt and peanuts. Simple but very comforting dish to taste if you travel to Zambia. Ugali (Tanzania): Ugali is a kind of East African porridge made with cornmeal and water from other starchy foods, the paste becoming softer or thicker depending on cooking. Once the dough is rolled out, it is filled with vegetables such as aubergines and onions, meat and many spices. Matoke (Uganda): Matoke is a typical Ugandan dish that is very popular in other African countries such as Kenya. A delicious dish whose main element is the banana, which is cooked in a pot with oil, garlic, tomato, onion, lime juice, chilis and even meat until the banana acquires a soft consistency combined with the rest of the ingredients.
  6. 6. Wealth of the african continent: Africa is undoubtedly the continent with the greatest resources natural. With an area of about 30.3 million of square kilometers counting the spaces islands, the mainland covers about 6% of the world's surface and a fifth of emerged lands. Africa's wealth is found in its soil. In Indeed, the continent has 24% of the land arable crops in the world, but it only generates 9% of agricultural production. The distribution of land fertile areas is uneven, with large desert areas in the Sahel region, and humid and highly fertile areas around watersheds and along main rivers.
  7. 7. Although the lands have not yet unfolded all its potential, is in all probability in the subsoil African where riches overflow. áfrica owns her alone more than sixty different types of minerals, and contains a third of all the mineral reserves of the world. It has, for example, 90% of the reserves of platinums; 80% of the coltan; 60% cobalt; 70% of tantalum; 46% of bookings diamonds; and 40% gold reserves.
  8. 8. Africa main events: The forgotten infi war The Ifni war began in November 1957, in the homonymous territorial enclave, thus producing a confrontation between Spain - a colonial power at that time - and Morocco, a newly independent country (1956) that sought to unite, under its sovereignty, to the computation of territories that it considered legitimate property. The historical context in which the war between 1957 and 1958 was inserted and the computation of interests defended by the various actors involved in it, explain both its origin and its subsequent development. The ceasefire of 1958 did not bring with it the scope of a complete agreement between Spain and Morocco, and it was not until 1969 that both countries agreed on the definitive withdrawal of Spain from Ifni, signing a treaty in the city of Fez.
  9. 9. The Magreb insurgency The Maghreb countries, mainly Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco, have been the object of an insurgency since 2002 carried out by the Islamist militia Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat. The GSPC allied itself with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. This alliance created a split within the GSPC that led to the creation of the Free Salafist Group, another militant group opposed to the Algerian government and Western interests. The conflict gives continuity to the Civil War in Algeria that ended in 2002, and since then it has spread to other countries.

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