● Rafael Gomero
● Álvaro Castro
● Nicolás Salas
● Gabriel Mecklenburg
Grade and Section:
● 5° Grade “A” of secondary
● Social Studies
Countries that comprise it:
Benin, Porto – new
Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou
Cape Verde, Praia
(Central African Republic),
Ivory Coast, Yamoussoukro
Ethiopia, Addis Ababa
Gabon, Free City
Equatorial Guinea, Malabo
Republic of the Congo,
Democratic Republic of the
Sao Tome and Principe, Sao
Sierra Leone, Freetown
South Africa (Republic), Pretoria
South Sudan, Juba
Tanzania, Dar el Salaam
54 COUNTRIES IN
NUMBER OF CITIZENS:
❖ Capitals with more than 5 million inhabitants:
- Cairo, Egypt
- Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
- Johannesburg (including Pretoria, capital of
- Luanda, Angola.
- Khartoum, Sudan.
- Nairobi, Kenya.
- Abidjan, administrative capital of the Ivory
❖ African capitals with more than 3
- Accra, Ganna.
- Algiers, Algeria.
- Dakar, Senegal.
- Kampal, Uganda.
When I think of Arabic food I can never help but think of bastela, my
favorite dish of Moroccan cuisine. A filo pastry cake filled with pigeon
or chicken meat, onion, nuts and a touch of cinnamon, ideal to
accompany a good lemonade with mint or an exotic Moorish tea.
Injera is the name given to a typical Ethiopian bread made with teff
flour, a plant that grows in the Horn of Africa. Injera is served together
with different Ethiopian meats and stews such as spicy doro wat
(chicken with gravy) or shiro wat, a kind of hummus with Berber spices.
Piri piri chicken (Mozambique):
During the years of colonization, Mozambique was the best link
between the Portuguese and an India from which they arrived loaded
with spices and fragrant aromas. An exotic combination that leads to
dishes such as piri piri chicken, made with a sauce based on chili peppers
and coconut cream.
Sorghum soup (Zambia):
Sorghum is a type of grass that grows in the tropical areas of Africa
characterized by the absence of gluten, a fact that will delight
celiacs who try the sorghum soup based on this component, water,
salt and peanuts. Simple but very comforting dish to taste if you
travel to Zambia.
Ugali is a kind of East African porridge made with cornmeal and
water from other starchy foods, the paste becoming softer or
thicker depending on cooking. Once the dough is rolled out, it is
filled with vegetables such as aubergines and onions, meat and
Matoke is a typical Ugandan dish that is very popular in other
African countries such as Kenya. A delicious dish whose main
element is the banana, which is cooked in a pot with oil, garlic,
tomato, onion, lime juice, chilis and even meat until the banana
acquires a soft consistency combined with the rest of the
Wealth of the african continent:
continent with the
natural. With an
area of about 30.3
of square kilometers
counting the spaces
of the world's
surface and a fifth of
Africa's wealth is found
in its soil. In
Indeed, the continent
has 24% of the land
arable crops in the
world, but it only
generates 9% of
distribution of land
fertile areas is uneven,
with large desert areas
the Sahel region, and
humid and highly
around watersheds and
Although the lands have not yet
its potential, is in all probability
in the subsoil
African where riches overflow.
áfrica owns her
alone more than sixty different
types of minerals, and
contains a third of all the
mineral reserves of the
world. It has, for example, 90%
of the reserves of
platinums; 80% of the coltan;
70% of tantalum; 46% of
diamonds; and 40% gold
Africa main events:
The forgotten infi war
The Ifni war began in November 1957, in the
homonymous territorial enclave, thus
producing a confrontation between Spain -
a colonial power at that time - and
Morocco, a newly independent country
(1956) that sought to unite, under its
sovereignty, to the computation of territories
that it considered legitimate property. The
historical context in which the war between
1957 and 1958 was inserted and the
computation of interests defended by the
various actors involved in it, explain both its
origin and its subsequent development. The
ceasefire of 1958 did not bring with it the
scope of a complete agreement between
Spain and Morocco, and it was not until
1969 that both countries agreed on the
definitive withdrawal of Spain from Ifni,
signing a treaty in the city of Fez.
The Magreb insurgency
The Maghreb countries, mainly Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco, have been the object of
an insurgency since 2002 carried out by the Islamist militia Salafist Group for Preaching and
Combat. The GSPC allied itself with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian
This alliance created a split within the GSPC that led to the creation of the Free Salafist
Group, another militant group opposed to the Algerian government and Western interests.
The conflict gives continuity to the Civil War in Algeria that ended in 2002, and since then it
has spread to other countries.