Geog5 Photo J


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Photo Journal for Geography 5 at Chaffey College with Lisa Schmidt.

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Geog5 Photo J

  1. 1. Gabriel Heimberg
  2. 2. Gabriel Heimberg Photo Journal for Geography 5 Lab Class
  3. 3. In Transit Photos
  4. 4. Rancho Cucamonga Alluvial Fan
  5. 5. California Aqueduct This picture shows the California Aqueduct.
  6. 6. Three Tiers of California Desert Vegetation This picture shows the three tiers of vegetation in a California Desert 1. The Joshua Tree (In red) is the top tier. 2. The creosote (In blue) is the middle tier. This is the shrubs. 3. The burroweed grass (In violet) is the bottom tier.
  7. 7. Solar Power Plant This picture shows the solar power plant at the intersection of the 395 Highway and the 58 Highway in California.
  8. 8. Doppler Radar Station The Doppler Radar Station is used for weather prediction from Satellite Imagery.
  9. 9. Mine Tailings These piles of debris are formed from mining near Red Mountain by the Rand Mining District.
  10. 10. Harper Dry Lake Dry river beds in the Mojave Desert.
  11. 11. Garlock Fault Fault in the Mojave Desert.
  12. 12. SETI Towers The SETI Towers are satellite dishes that are searching for messages from space. SETI stands for Search for ExtraTerrestrial Life.
  13. 13. Stratus and Nimbus Clouds The weather was changing while were at Mono Lake. This is seem by the Stratus clouds (Circled in blue) and the Nimbus clouds. (Circled in red)
  14. 14. Geese in Bishop For a stop in Bishop, we parked near a park with a stream that had geese and Mallards in it.
  15. 15. Mallards in Bishop Here is a better picture of the stream in Bishop, with only Mallards.
  16. 16. 1st Field Trip
  17. 17. Mormon Rocks
  18. 18. Mormon Rocks Formation
  19. 19. Mormon Rocks Structure The granular structure of the Mormon Rocks sandstone shows that it is comprised of sedimentary rock over time.
  20. 20. Mormon Rocks Stream Bed This stream bed, in Mormon Rocks, is part of the San Andreas Rift Zone that separates the Pacific plate and the North American plate.
  21. 21. Cinder Hill
  22. 22. Cinder Hill Cinder Hill is a cinder cone volcano.
  23. 23. Lava Flow The black rock is basalt. These formations are from lava cooling quickly as it flowed out of a volcano.
  24. 24. Fossil Falls
  25. 25. Owens Riverbed Owens River is a dry riverbed near fossil falls.
  26. 26. Fossil Falls Fossil Falls is a dry waterfall that was part of the Owens River.
  27. 27. Metate Holes Metate Holes are holes in the large rocks near waterfalls and rapids. They are created by small pebbles revolving very fast in the same place from running water.
  28. 28. Obsidian Flakes These Obsidian Flakes were put here by Native Americans for the making of arrowheads and other tools. They would travel to nearby volcanoes to collect large pieces of obsidian and then shape the obsidian nearer to home.
  29. 29. Petroglyph Drawn by Native Americans on rocks
  30. 30. House Ring This ring of rocks is a house ring. The Native Americans would move seasonally. They would leave rings of rocks to mark the place they dwelt, so when they moved back, they could reestablish the same spot.
  31. 31. 2nd Field Trip
  32. 32. Diaz Lake
  33. 33. Lone Pine Fault The Lone Pine Fault is next to Diaz Lake. The hills in the background are the Alabama Hills of California.
  34. 34. Diaz Lake Diaz Lake is a sag pond. It was created from the shifts of the tectonic plates from the nearby Lone Pine Fault. Earthquakes made the ground uneven and the water settled to the lowest point in the area.
  35. 35. Mount Whitney
  36. 36. Mount Whitney This is Mount Whitney. We did not go to the Mt. Whitney Interagency Visitor’s Center.
  37. 37. Keoughs Hot Springs
  38. 38. Keoughs Hot Springs Keoughs Hot Springs are hot springs created from seismic activity. Earthquakes cause cracks in the Earth’s surface that water seeps through until it gets hot. Heat rises bringing warm water up to the surface.
  39. 39. Keoughs Hot Springs This is as close as I could get to the actual spring from the ground.
  40. 40. Glaciated Valleys These glaciated valleys were created from glaciers sliding down the Mountains. The low Hills are the sediments that the glaciers pushed down. These are called moraines.
  41. 41. Mono Lake
  42. 42. Nearby Forest Fire At Mono Lake, we saw smoke from a nearby forest fire. It is unclear if it was a controlled blaze or a wild fire.
  43. 43. Volcanoes Near Mono Lake The mountains around Mono Lake are actually volcanoes that have not recently erupted.
  44. 44. Neget and Pehoa The island circled in red is Pehoa. The one in blue is Neget. They are both volcanoes form in the center of the Mono Lake.
  45. 45. Tufa Formations Formed where freshwater streams empties into a saltwater lake, these mineral formations, called tufa grow upward from the bottom of the lake. In most cases the tufa stays underwater, but because of Mono Lakes receding shoreline, these formations become completely exposed.
  46. 46. Current Shoreline The Current Shoreline of Mono Lake.
  47. 47. 1963 Shoreline Marker Still hundreds of feet from the current shoreline of Mono Lake, is this marker showing the shoreline in 1963. Receding waters from the nearby Los Angeles aqueduct avert tributary streams away from Mono Lake causing the lake to shrink.
  48. 48. Old Mono Lake Size Lines on the nearby hills, show the shoreline of Mono Lake hundreds of years ago.
  49. 49. Duck in Mono Lake Wood ducks feed on brine Shrimp in Mono Lake.
  50. 50. Whigens in Mono Lake Whigens are another bird species that feed on brine Shrimp in Mono Lake.
  51. 51. Cormorant in Mono Lake Cormorants are another bird species that feed on brine Shrimp in Mono Lake.
  52. 52. Panum Crater
  53. 53. Panum Crater Panum Crater is a Volcano that has a smaller volcano inside of it. This is the valley of Panum Crater.
  54. 54. 1981 Burn Area In 1981 there was a wildfire that swept the area near Panum Crater. The lighter vegetation is were plants have grown back since the fire.
  55. 55. New Burn Area A more recent wild fire shows the charred remains of native plants
  56. 56. June Lake Loop
  57. 57. Grant Lake Grant Lake is a man made lake, red by Rush Creek. When the Los Angeles aqueduct was being built, a dam was built to control water flow into the aqueduct. This dam caused water to gather, causing this lake to form.
  58. 58. Lateral Moraines Across Grant Lake you can see lateral moraines caused from the glacial settlement.
  59. 59. Waterfall Waterfall near silver lake.
  60. 60. Silver Lake Silver Lake
  61. 61. Mallard in Silver Lake This mallard was found swimming in Silver Lake.
  62. 62. Convict Lake Convict Lake is a cirque, which is a lake caused by glaciers
  63. 63. Sevehah Cliffs The Sevehah Cliffs are the Oldest Rocks in North America.
  64. 64. Bird Near Convict Lake This bird in flight is probably a male Phainopepla. I tried to get a picture walking in the parking lot, but the bird was skittish.
  65. 65. Eastern Sierra Museum
  66. 66. Old Map of Bishop Area At the Eastern Sierra Museum, I saw this map the museum was trying to preserve. It was displayed in the local drugstore in the 1950s. I am amazed at the pictures in the map. It was probably for tourists to see nearby interesting places to visit.
  67. 67. Manzanar
  68. 68. Manzanar Manzanar was a relocation camp that the United States used to keep Japanese Americans in, during World War II. Now there is barely anything left, except rocks and foundations of old buildings. After the war, people used the wood and other materials to build buildings in nearby towns.
  69. 69. Plaques The Japanese had to build their own buildings at the camp. Many would put there names in the concrete foundations or like this in what was probably a fountain in the main square.
  70. 70. Field Question 1 Mormon Rocks is a tilted fault block. As the Pacific Plate pushes against the North American Plate at the San Andreas Fault the rocks break and the rocks jut upward. In this instant Geologists can determine important information through the layers of rock exposed through the fault line. Some of the information that can be determined are annual rainfall averages, seismic activity and biome information. Mormon Rocks is sedimentary rock around the San Andreas Fault. The San Andreas is the key point to the seismic activity in Southern California, and the pressure is building in this area. It is also were we can see information to the Earth beneath us through the Layers exposed.
  71. 71. Field Question 2 At Cinder Hill, I saw a cinder cone, lava flows, alluvial fans and other volcanoes. Cinder Hill is a cinder cone type volcano. In the picture on the next page, the lava flow is the darker area at the side of the mountain, circled in red. The alluvial fan is circled in blue. The volcano is circled in green. Near Fossil Falls, there were three evidences of former Native American habitation. First was the chips of obsidian on the ground. Native Americans would travel to volcanoes and collect obsidian, so they could make arrowheads and other tools. Second are the house rings. Native Americans would mark the spot of their homes, so when they returned from seasonal migration, they could resettle in the same spot. The third evidence is the petroglyphs drawn on the rocks. 3
  72. 72. Landforms Near Fossil Falls The Volcano is green, the Lava Flow is red and the Alluvial Fan is blue.
  73. 73. Field Question 3 The Sierra Nevada Mountains and the White Inyo Mountains look very different. The Sierra Nevada Mountains are larger and have step U shaped valleys. The White Inyo Mountains are smaller and have more rolling V shaped mountains. The Sierra Nevada Mountains are an older mountain range with moraines. The U shaped valleys are caused by the glaciers that weathered the mountains. The glaciers carved the valleys taking sediment down with them and the piles of sediment are the small rolling hills at the bottom of the mountains called moraines. The White Inyo Mountains are younger and shorter than the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The White Inyo Mountains do not have as much glacier weathering, so the valleys have more of the V shape. There are also no real moraines where we were looking at them.
  74. 74. Field Questions 4 Using the Analema on November 6, 2010, as we were visiting Mono Lake, the Subsolar Point (Where the sun is directly 90 degrees overhead.) was at the latitude of about 16 degrees south. The Subsolar Point was in the Southern Hemisphere. Mono Lake is at a latitude of 38 degrees north. Therefore, adding the two latitudes together, because the latitudes are in separate hemispheres, the arc distance is 54 degrees. Subtracted from 90 the solar angle of the Sun at Lee Vining is 36 degrees. This means at the highest point of the day (the Zenith Point) the Sun is only 36 degrees up from the horizon in the south. We also know from the Analema, on November 6th , the Zenith Point is sixteen minutes fast. In other words the Sun hits it’s Zenith Angle of 36 degrees above the horizon at 11:44 AM.
  75. 75. Field Question 5 At Panum Crater there are many landforms to see. Panum Crater itself is a composite volcano with a cinder cone volcano inside. Neget and Pehoa are also small volcanoes inside Mono Lake. There are nearby mountains with moraines at the feet of them. In Mono Lake, you can see the tufa from Panum Crater. Three evidences of former lake levels are first the lines on the nearby hills. This is seen in slide 48. The second evidence of former lake levels are the tufa. The are naturally formed underwater and only exposed by the receding shoreline. The third evidence is the sign put out of the 1963 shoreline.