Nutrition

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This is a presentation about nutrition, sources of nutrients, its importance and how to live a healthy lifestyle!

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Nutrition

  1. 1. PERFORMANCE TASK st 1 Quarter HELE Mary Gabrielle “Gabbie” Santos
  2. 2. Objectives  Distinguish among the six classes of nutrients.  Identify the importance of each type of nutrient.  Explain the value of nutrients.
  3. 3. Your body needs nutrients found in foods. 1. Nutrients provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and repair. 2. You need energy for every activity and to maintain a steady internal temperature.
  4. 4. Classes of Nutrients 1. Proteins a. Used for replacement and repair of body cells and for growth b. Made up of amino acids c. Found in eggs, milk, cheese, and meat d. Essential amino acids must be supplied by food.
  5. 5. 2. Carbohydrates a. The main source of energy for your body b. Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; energy holds these atoms together c. Sugars are simple carbohydrates; starch and fiber are complex carbohydrates. d. Sugars are found in fruits, honey, and milk. e. Starches are found in potatoes and pasta. f. Fiber is found in whole-grain breads, beans, and peas.
  6. 6. 3. Fats a. Also called lipids b. Provide energy and help your body absorb vitamins c. Because fat is a good storage unit for energy, any excess energy is converted to fat. d. Classified as unsaturated or saturated based on their chemical structure e. Saturated fats are associated with high cholesterol.
  7. 7. 4. Vitamins a. Needed for growth, regulating body functions, and preventing disease b. A well-balanced diet usually gives your body all the vitamins it needs. c. Two groups: watersoluble and fat-soluble
  8. 8. 5. Minerals a. Are inorganic nutrients b. Regulate many chemical reactions in your body c. Calcium and phosphorous are used most by the body.
  9. 9. 6. Water a. Required for survival. b. Cells need water to carry out their work. c. Most nutrients your body needs must be dissolved in water. d. The human body is about 60 percent water. e. You lose water each day when you perspire, exhale, and get rid of wastes.
  10. 10. Food Groups 1. Because no food has every nutrient, you should eat a variety of foods. 2. The food pyramid helps people select foods that supply all the nutrients they need. 3. Foods that contain the same nutrients belong to a food group. 4. Five food groups: a. Bread and cereal b. Vegetable c. Fruit d. Milk e. Meat
  11. 11. Why is it important to eat healthy? • Best way to live a healthy life is to eat a balanced diet • To provide nutrients that your body needs to function • To give you more energy and alertness throughout the day • To prevent future disease and sickness • Diabetes, obesity and cancer
  12. 12. Basic Nutrition  Food pyramid   Recommendation of what to eat based on dietary guidelines Food pyramid breakdown      Fats Dairy Meat Fruits & Vegetables Grains
  13. 13. Grain Group     Cereals, breads, crackers and rice Supplies energy through carbohydrates 6-11 servings daily How can you get the right amount of grains?    Bread in sandwiches Cereal and oatmeal during breakfast Rice with dinner
  14. 14. Fruit and Vegetable Group  Fruits & Vegetables        Packed with vitamins Low in energy Great source of minerals Common fruit: apples, peaches, bananas Common vegetables: broccoli, carrots and corn 3-5 Servings per day Eat as a snack!
  15. 15. Dairy Group   Important sources of proteins, vitamins and minerals Rich in calcium     Important for teeth and bones Milk, yogurt, cheese High in Fat Good sources if vitamins A and D
  16. 16. Why do you need calcium?  Essential nutrient for children to help grow strong bones  Reduces the risk of bone disease when older  Increase amount of calcium by drinking milk!
  17. 17. Meat  Primary source of protein in the diet    Protein provides body with dietary energy needed for growth and repair Meat, poultry (chicken), fish, eggs and nuts 2-3 servings per day
  18. 18. Good Protein  Eating foods with little fat and high protein can help with the following:    Healthy heart Keeping a low cholesterol level Reduce risk of heart disease when you are older
  19. 19. How you can eat healthier  Eat regular meals    Eat a variety of foods    Breakfast is the most important meal of the day Keeps body filled with fuel to get through the day Fruits and vegetables Try to eat more apples and grapes and less cookies and chips (junk food) Cut down on high fat and sugar  Drink water or juice instead of soda
  20. 20. INSIGHTS “You are what you eat” that is what our elders would normally remind the young ones since that is really true. It is more than a phrase but it is a reminder for us to eat right. It is important for us to recognize the healthful properties of certain food. It is because eating healthy food can help us prevent disease. Nutrients provide the body with everything it needs to grow and maintain healthy function. Also, if we are going to compare our body to a car --- a car needs fuel so as the way our body needs the right food. We cannot neglect the importance of eating healthy. Just like the car, without healthy food in our body, the car’s engine will become weak and stall. Having good nutrition or by watching and being conscious with what we eat we can have the following benefits: (1) more vitality and energy (2) boost our immune system (3) keep us active and fit (4) enhance our ability to concentrate and (5) protect us from serious illnesses. The importance of nutrients can never be undermined. But of course food alone is not the only key to a healthier life, we should also have a healthy lifestyle which includes exercise, not smoking or drinking alcohol.
  21. 21. INSIGHTS Good nutrition is really important just like what Hippocrates said: “Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food.” It is because diseases like heart disease, cancer and diabetes are related to the way we eat. That is why, it is good to remind ourselves that we are what we eat. It is because we cannot underestimate the influence of how and what we eat. To stay healthy, one needs good nutrition. For truly what you eat makes a difference in your health.

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