Mary Gabrielle “Gabbie”
among the six classes of
Identify the importance of each type of
Explain the value of nutrients.
Your body needs nutrients
found in foods.
Nutrients provide energy and materials
for cell development, growth, and
2. You need energy for every activity and to
maintain a steady internal temperature.
Classes of Nutrients
a. Used for replacement
and repair of body cells
and for growth
b. Made up of amino
c. Found in eggs, milk,
cheese, and meat
d. Essential amino acids
must be supplied by
a. The main source of energy for
b. Made up of carbon, hydrogen,
and oxygen atoms; energy holds
these atoms together
c. Sugars are simple
carbohydrates; starch and fiber
are complex carbohydrates.
d. Sugars are found in fruits, honey,
e. Starches are found in potatoes
f. Fiber is found in whole-grain
breads, beans, and peas.
a. Also called lipids
b. Provide energy and help your
body absorb vitamins
c. Because fat is a good storage
unit for energy, any excess energy
is converted to fat.
d. Classified as unsaturated or
saturated based on their chemical
e. Saturated fats are associated
with high cholesterol.
a. Needed for growth,
functions, and preventing
b. A well-balanced diet
usually gives your body
all the vitamins it needs.
c. Two groups: watersoluble and fat-soluble
a. Are inorganic nutrients
b. Regulate many
chemical reactions in
c. Calcium and
phosphorous are used
most by the body.
a. Required for survival.
b. Cells need water to carry out their work.
c. Most nutrients your body needs must be dissolved in
d. The human body is about 60 percent water.
e. You lose water each day when you perspire, exhale,
and get rid of wastes.
1. Because no food has every
nutrient, you should eat a
variety of foods.
2. The food pyramid helps people
select foods that supply all
the nutrients they need.
3. Foods that contain the same
nutrients belong to a food
4. Five food groups:
a. Bread and cereal
Why is it
Best way to live a healthy life is to
eat a balanced diet
To provide nutrients that your body
needs to function
To give you more energy and
alertness throughout the day
To prevent future disease and
Diabetes, obesity and
what to eat based
on dietary guidelines
Fruits & Vegetables
crackers and rice
6-11 servings daily
How can you get the
right amount of grains?
Bread in sandwiches
Cereal and oatmeal
Rice with dinner
Fruit and Vegetable Group
Fruits & Vegetables
Packed with vitamins
Low in energy
Great source of
Common fruit: apples,
broccoli, carrots and
3-5 Servings per day
Eat as a snack!
Important sources of
Rich in calcium
Important for teeth
Milk, yogurt, cheese
High in Fat
Good sources if
vitamins A and D
Why do you need calcium?
nutrient for children to help grow
Reduces the risk of bone disease when
Increase amount of calcium by drinking
Primary source of
protein in the diet
body with dietary
energy needed for
growth and repair
(chicken), fish, eggs
2-3 servings per day
foods with little fat and high protein
can help with the following:
Keeping a low cholesterol level
Reduce risk of heart disease when you are
How you can eat healthier
Eat regular meals
Eat a variety of foods
Breakfast is the most important meal of the day
Keeps body filled with fuel to get through the
Fruits and vegetables
Try to eat more apples and grapes and less
cookies and chips (junk food)
Cut down on high fat and sugar
Drink water or juice instead of soda
“You are what you eat” that is what our
elders would normally remind the young ones since
that is really true. It is more than a phrase but it is a
reminder for us to eat right. It is important for us to
recognize the healthful properties of certain food. It
is because eating healthy food can help us prevent
disease. Nutrients provide the body with everything
it needs to grow and maintain healthy function.
Also, if we are going to compare our body
to a car --- a car needs fuel so as the way our body
needs the right food. We cannot neglect the
importance of eating healthy. Just like the car,
without healthy food in our body, the car’s engine
will become weak and stall. Having good nutrition
or by watching and being conscious with what we
eat we can have the following benefits: (1) more
vitality and energy (2) boost our immune system (3)
keep us active and fit (4) enhance our ability to
concentrate and (5) protect us from serious illnesses.
The importance of nutrients can never be
undermined. But of course food alone is not the
only key to a healthier life, we should also have a
healthy lifestyle which includes exercise, not
smoking or drinking alcohol.
Good nutrition is really important
just like what Hippocrates said: “Let food
be your medicine and medicine be your
food.” It is because diseases like heart
disease, cancer and diabetes are related
to the way we eat. That is why, it is good
to remind ourselves that we are what we
It is because we cannot
underestimate the influence of how and
what we eat. To stay healthy, one needs
good nutrition. For truly what you eat
makes a difference in your health.