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Relevance of EntrepreneurshipRelevance of Entrepreneurship
TrainingTraining
in a Market Driven Economyin a Market Driven E...
Overview of PaperOverview of Paper
 BackgroundBackground
 SWOT Analysis of Entrepreneurship TrainingSWOT Analysis of Ent...
Objectives of the PresentationObjectives of the Presentation
 To contribute to the development of strategicTo contribute ...
BackgroundBackground
 Location:Location: Zambia is a land-linked country located inZambia is a land-linked country locate...
Entrepreneurship TrainingEntrepreneurship Training
in Zambiain Zambia
 Entrepreneurship has been taught as a stand-aloneE...
Challenges of EntrepreneurshipChallenges of Entrepreneurship
TrainingTraining
 Inadequate Entrepreneurship Trainers;Inade...
SWOT Analysis of EntrepreneurshipSWOT Analysis of Entrepreneurship
Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia
Strengths of Entre...
Weaknesses of EntrepreneurshipWeaknesses of Entrepreneurship
Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia
 Lack of experienced en...
Opportunities for EntrepreneurshipOpportunities for Entrepreneurship
Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia
 Growing number...
Threats to EntrepreneurshipThreats to Entrepreneurship
Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia
 Lack of implementation of po...
Relevance of Entrepreneurship Training inRelevance of Entrepreneurship Training in
a Market Driven Economya Market Driven ...
RecommendationsRecommendations
 Vocationalising General Education. Two-tierVocationalising General Education. Two-tier
sy...
ReferencesReferences
 Chipungu, S. N. (ed.) (1992)Chipungu, S. N. (ed.) (1992) Guardians in their Time.Guardians in their...
ReferencesReferences
 Konayuma, G. S. (2006)Konayuma, G. S. (2006) Challenges of ShrinkingChallenges of Shrinking
Formal ...
ConclusionConclusion
 Thank you for your attention.Thank you for your attention.
 You can find this presentation online ...
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Relevance of entrepreneurship training in a market driven economy konayuma

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The presentation seeks to contribute to the development of strategic interventions that promote sustainable socio-economic development in Zambia and to assess how the TEVET Policy has addressed entrepreneurship training in Zambia.

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Relevance of entrepreneurship training in a market driven economy konayuma

  1. 1. Relevance of EntrepreneurshipRelevance of Entrepreneurship TrainingTraining in a Market Driven Economyin a Market Driven Economy Gabriel S KonayumaGabriel S Konayuma Ministry of Higher Education, ZambiaMinistry of Higher Education, Zambia International Conference on Research in Development (RiD) 2016 Mika Convention Centre, Chongwe, Zambia
  2. 2. Overview of PaperOverview of Paper  BackgroundBackground  SWOT Analysis of Entrepreneurship TrainingSWOT Analysis of Entrepreneurship Training in Zambiain Zambia  Relevance of Entrepreneurship Training in aRelevance of Entrepreneurship Training in a Market Driven EconomyMarket Driven Economy  RecommendationsRecommendations  ConclusionConclusion 2
  3. 3. Objectives of the PresentationObjectives of the Presentation  To contribute to the development of strategicTo contribute to the development of strategic interventions that promote sustainable socio-interventions that promote sustainable socio- economic development in Zambia;economic development in Zambia;  To assess how the TEVET Policy hasTo assess how the TEVET Policy has addressed entrepreneurship training inaddressed entrepreneurship training in Zambia;Zambia;  To identify how the country hopes to achieveTo identify how the country hopes to achieve a middle-income economy througha middle-income economy through strengthened entrepreneurship training;strengthened entrepreneurship training; 3
  4. 4. BackgroundBackground  Location:Location: Zambia is a land-linked country located inZambia is a land-linked country located in Southern Africa. Zambia has eight numbers. Very fewSouthern Africa. Zambia has eight numbers. Very few African nations have such an opportunity of havingAfrican nations have such an opportunity of having eight neighbours!eight neighbours!  EconomyEconomy:: From the 1990s Zambia has adopted aFrom the 1990s Zambia has adopted a free-market economy. The key opportunity sectors arefree-market economy. The key opportunity sectors are agricultural production, energy, mining,agricultural production, energy, mining, manufacturing, transportation and tourism.manufacturing, transportation and tourism.  Education SystemEducation System:: ZambiaZambia’’s education system froms education system from early childhood to university education is governed byearly childhood to university education is governed by the National Education Policy: Educating Our Future ofthe National Education Policy: Educating Our Future of 1996. The TEVET sector is governed by the TEVET1996. The TEVET sector is governed by the TEVET Policy of 1996.Policy of 1996. 4
  5. 5. Entrepreneurship TrainingEntrepreneurship Training in Zambiain Zambia  Entrepreneurship has been taught as a stand-aloneEntrepreneurship has been taught as a stand-alone subject in TEVET institutions in Zambia. However, thesubject in TEVET institutions in Zambia. However, the Technical Training, Vocational and EntrepreneurshipTechnical Training, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Authority (TEVETA) recently organisedTraining Authority (TEVETA) recently organised workshops where trainers from TEVET institutionsworkshops where trainers from TEVET institutions were trained in integrating entrepreneurship intowere trained in integrating entrepreneurship into various training programmes (Konayuma, 2006:6).various training programmes (Konayuma, 2006:6).  Entrepreneurship training has generally been absentEntrepreneurship training has generally been absent from the primary, secondary and university training.from the primary, secondary and university training. At universities, it is offered mostly to students that areAt universities, it is offered mostly to students that are doing business studies. Thus entrepreneurship is notdoing business studies. Thus entrepreneurship is not viewed as a tool that can be used to developviewed as a tool that can be used to develop innovative and creative skills in students that can leadinnovative and creative skills in students that can lead them to become entrepreneurs.them to become entrepreneurs. 5
  6. 6. Challenges of EntrepreneurshipChallenges of Entrepreneurship TrainingTraining  Inadequate Entrepreneurship Trainers;Inadequate Entrepreneurship Trainers;  Lack of Appropriate Training Materials;Lack of Appropriate Training Materials;  Lack of Appreciation of EntrepreneurshipLack of Appreciation of Entrepreneurship Training; andTraining; and  Poor Entrepreneurial CulturePoor Entrepreneurial Culture 6
  7. 7. SWOT Analysis of EntrepreneurshipSWOT Analysis of Entrepreneurship Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia Strengths of Entrepreneurship Training inStrengths of Entrepreneurship Training in ZambiaZambia Growing interest in entrepreneurship andGrowing interest in entrepreneurship and small business management by a number ofsmall business management by a number of youths;youths; Number of staff with some training of trainersNumber of staff with some training of trainers in entrepreneurship;in entrepreneurship; Supported by relevant policies e.g. TEVET,Supported by relevant policies e.g. TEVET, Labour, Commercial and Youth policies.Labour, Commercial and Youth policies. 7
  8. 8. Weaknesses of EntrepreneurshipWeaknesses of Entrepreneurship Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia  Lack of experienced entrepreneurs asLack of experienced entrepreneurs as entrepreneurship instructors;entrepreneurship instructors;  Lack of adequate training materials forLack of adequate training materials for entrepreneurship training;entrepreneurship training;  Inadequate or lack of business incubators thatInadequate or lack of business incubators that provide support services and nurture students;provide support services and nurture students;  Lack of appropriate entrepreneurship models toLack of appropriate entrepreneurship models to support entrepreneurship training.support entrepreneurship training.  Teaching of entrepreneurship like any otherTeaching of entrepreneurship like any other subject and in an academic manner.subject and in an academic manner. 8
  9. 9. Opportunities for EntrepreneurshipOpportunities for Entrepreneurship Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia  Growing number of successful entrepreneurs who can be usedGrowing number of successful entrepreneurs who can be used as role models and as trainers;as role models and as trainers;  Entrepreneurship training materials available on the Internet;Entrepreneurship training materials available on the Internet;  Availability of space and/or workshops in training institutionsAvailability of space and/or workshops in training institutions and industries that can be used as business incubators;and industries that can be used as business incubators;  Best practice of models of entrepreneurship within Zambia andBest practice of models of entrepreneurship within Zambia and internationally;internationally;  Shrinking formal sector;Shrinking formal sector;  Provision of toolkits for TEVET graduates;Provision of toolkits for TEVET graduates;  Increasing number of institutions providing entrepreneurshipIncreasing number of institutions providing entrepreneurship training.training. 9
  10. 10. Threats to EntrepreneurshipThreats to Entrepreneurship Training in ZambiaTraining in Zambia  Lack of implementation of policies thatLack of implementation of policies that support entrepreneurship;support entrepreneurship;  Persons that want to earn very large profits inPersons that want to earn very large profits in a very short time without undergoing anya very short time without undergoing any training and having appropriatetraining and having appropriate entrepreneurship experience;entrepreneurship experience;  Lack of good entrepreneurship curriculaLack of good entrepreneurship curricula entailing that entrepreneurship is taught in aentailing that entrepreneurship is taught in a haphazard manner.haphazard manner. 10
  11. 11. Relevance of Entrepreneurship Training inRelevance of Entrepreneurship Training in a Market Driven Economya Market Driven Economy Develops creativity and innovation that are required for one toDevelops creativity and innovation that are required for one to take advantage of the business opportunities offered in a market-take advantage of the business opportunities offered in a market- driven economy;driven economy; Exposes students to successful role models and highlights theExposes students to successful role models and highlights the challenges they have faced and how they have overcome;challenges they have faced and how they have overcome; Provides students with knowledge, skills and attitudes thatProvides students with knowledge, skills and attitudes that enable them to create wealth and jobs in a market-drivenenable them to create wealth and jobs in a market-driven economy;economy; Provides students with confidence to become entrepreneurs inProvides students with confidence to become entrepreneurs in a challenging market environment.a challenging market environment. 11
  12. 12. RecommendationsRecommendations  Vocationalising General Education. Two-tierVocationalising General Education. Two-tier system;system;  Establishing Entrepreneurship DevelopmentEstablishing Entrepreneurship Development Centres;Centres;  Teaching Psychology in EntrepreneurshipTeaching Psychology in Entrepreneurship Training;Training;  Documenting Best Practices inDocumenting Best Practices in Entrepreneurship TrainingEntrepreneurship Training 12
  13. 13. ReferencesReferences  Chipungu, S. N. (ed.) (1992)Chipungu, S. N. (ed.) (1992) Guardians in their Time.Guardians in their Time. London: Macmillan Press Limited.London: Macmillan Press Limited.  Government of Republic of Zambia (2006)Government of Republic of Zambia (2006) VisionVision 2030.2030. Lusaka: Government of Republic of Zambia.Lusaka: Government of Republic of Zambia.  Haan, H. C. (2002)Haan, H. C. (2002) Training for Work in the InformalTraining for Work in the Informal Sector: New Evidence from Eastern and SouthernSector: New Evidence from Eastern and Southern Africa.Africa. Turin: International Labour Organisation.Turin: International Labour Organisation.  Hisrich, R. D., Peters, M. P. and Shepherd, D. A.Hisrich, R. D., Peters, M. P. and Shepherd, D. A. (2005)(2005) Entrepreneurship.Entrepreneurship. 66thth Edition. New York:Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.McGraw-Hill.  Konayuma, G. S. (2007) Challenges and OpportunitiesKonayuma, G. S. (2007) Challenges and Opportunities of Women Entrepreneurs in Zambia.of Women Entrepreneurs in Zambia. Journal ofJournal of Management and AdministrationManagement and Administration. Durban:. Durban: Management College of Southern Africa.Management College of Southern Africa.13
  14. 14. ReferencesReferences  Konayuma, G. S. (2006)Konayuma, G. S. (2006) Challenges of ShrinkingChallenges of Shrinking Formal Sector in Africa.Formal Sector in Africa. Livingstone:Livingstone: Commonwealth Association of Polytechnics inCommonwealth Association of Polytechnics in Africa.Africa.  Ministry of Science, Technology and VocationalMinistry of Science, Technology and Vocational Training (1998)Training (1998) Technical Education, VocationalTechnical Education, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training Policy.and Entrepreneurship Training Policy. Lusaka:Lusaka: Ministry of Science, Technology and VocationalMinistry of Science, Technology and Vocational Training.Training.  Robbins, S. P. and Coulter, M. (2004)Robbins, S. P. and Coulter, M. (2004) ManagementManagement (7(7thth Edition) New Delhi: PearsonEdition) New Delhi: Pearson Education.Education. 14
  15. 15. ConclusionConclusion  Thank you for your attention.Thank you for your attention.  You can find this presentation online on:You can find this presentation online on: www.slideshare.net/gabkonwww.slideshare.net/gabkon  You can read some education and training blogYou can read some education and training blog articles on:articles on: www.educationandtrainingissues.blogspot.comwww.educationandtrainingissues.blogspot.com  You can contact me on:You can contact me on: gkonayuma@gmail.comgkonayuma@gmail.com  You can interact with me on Twitter:You can interact with me on Twitter: 15

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