•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Geographical context • •
•Zagreb, 13-14. December•• 2011.•The Danube river basin in Central-Europe•Most international basin in the world•17 riparian countries•Basin area: 801.463 km²•Hungary and its 7 neighbours (Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Roumania,Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia) share 77,7% of the basin area (605700 km²)•Longitude: 2.857 km (HU stretch: 417 km)
•COOPERATION IN THE DANUBE RIVER BASIN•EU aims:• Sustainable use of water • ICPDR :Coordination of the Danube basin aims •National aims: •Consideration of the special flood prevention circumstances •Implementation of EU WFD and Flood Directive •
•Tisza River Basin•Longitude: 966 km•Catchment:157 186km2•Long lastingfloods•Very shortlead time
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Historical context • •
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Developments after the I. World War•Permanent Technical Commission forthe Water Regime of the Danube(CRED)•C.R.E.D. worked in the period 1924-1938.•Liquidation of the water boards•Initiated bilateral and trilateral frontierwater agreements among theinterested•states•Central topic: flood protection
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •The first frontier water agreements•Hungarian-Roumanian General WaterAgreement 1924.•Hungarian-Austrian Frontier WaterAgreement 1927.•Hungarian-Czecho-Slovakian FrontierWater Agreement 1937.•Hungarian-Roumanian-Czecho-Slovakian Technical Commission forTranscarpathia
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Frontier water agreements •after the II. World War•1950. Hungarian-Soviet Agreement(renewed in 1981. ended in 1993.)•1950. Hungarian-Roumanian Agreement(renewed in 1969. and in 1986.)•1954. Hungarian-Czecho-Slovakian• Agreement (renewed in 1976.)•1955. Hungarian-YugoslavianAgreement•1956. Hungarian-Austrian Agreement
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •New frontier water agreements•after the political regime changes•1993, 1997. Hungarian-Ukrainian Agreement•Slovakia became the partner in the former Hungarian-Czecho-SlovakianAgreement• Serbia became the partner in the formerHungarian-Yugoslavian Agreement•1994. Hungarian-Croatian Agreement•1994. Hungarian-Slovenian Agreement•2003. New Hungarian-Roumanian Agreement
•The structure of the frontier water commissions•By catchment principle: –e.g. Tisza Subcommission in HU-SK relation –Danube and Dráva Subc. in HU-CRO relation•By technical or administrative principle: –Water Management Subcommission –Hidrometeorological Subcommission –Financing Subcommission
•Important tasks of watercommissions:•- water level and volume measurements•- checking the state of the dykes and thehydrotechnicalconstructions•- flood protection•- agreement of development and technicalplans•- water balance•- water quality measurements and evaluation•- regulate activities, create subcommissions,working groups.
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian-Austrian Water Commission•Most traditional agreement andCommission•Catchment areas: Lake of Fertı, Ikva,•Pinka, Hanság, Rába, Lapincs rivers•Operational and preparatory activities•managed by the Water Subcommission•(agreed licencing of flood protectionworks)•Working Group for Water QualityControl
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian-Slovakian Commission • of Frontier Waters•Danube Subcommission (flood protection)•Ipoly Subcommission (flood protection)•Tisza Subcommission (flood protection)•Water Quality Control Subcommission•Financial Expert Group•Hydrological Expert Group (forecast)•WFD Expert Group
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian-Ukrainian Frontier Water •Agreement•Water Demage Mitigation Group ofExperts•(Yearly inspection of dykes, canals andwater management constructions,mutual acceptance ofdevelopment plans)•Water Quality Control GoE•Hydrological and Water ManagementGoE
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Hungarian-Roumanian Water •Commission•Flood and Inland WaterSubcommission•(Yearly inspection, specialregulation)•HydrometeorologicalSubcommission•(Flood forecast)•Longterm WMPlanningSubcommission
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Hungarian-Serbian Water • Management Commission•The 1955. HU-YUG Agreement isconsidered valid by both parties•Interruption of co-operation by civil Interruptionwar•Water Demage MitigationSubcommission•(Yearly flood protection inspection,icebreaker cooperation on Danube)•Water Management Subcommission
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Permanent Hungarian-Croatian Water • Management Commission •Danube and Drava Basin Subcommission •(flood protection competence, development of flood forecasting, new Drava Atlas) •Mura Subcommission • (flood protection competence) •Water Quality Control
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Permanent Hungarian-Slovenian Water • Management Commission •Working Group of Water Management • cofinancing of the construction and maintanence of Kebele/Kobijlski Reservoir •Working Group of Water Quality Control
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Best practice examples • •
• Common Hungarian-Ukrainian hydrographic telemeasuring system •Hazai területen 33 db távmérı •Kárpátalján 35 db távmérı állomás: állomás: •19 db vízrajzi 25 db vízrajzi •2 db hidrometeorológiai • (10 URH, 15 Mőhold.) •3 db ultrahangos vízhozammérı 10 db hidromet. T Jelmagyarázat: • (5 URH, 5 Mőholdas) a a oc p •5 db automata talajvízkút O Lb r Malomrét Vízgyőjtı határ oly na d Országhatár v •3 db automata szivattyútelep a Csapadék és léghı- Nagyberezna mérséklet ta •1 db torkolati mőtárgy Lju Sóhát Alsóverecke Alsóhideg- Vízállás Vízállás TACIS VÁK IA patak SZLO a rj Turjamezı Csapadék TACIS u Vezér- T g Un szállás Fülöpfalva Toronya Vízállás USGS Polena Repenye UNGVÁR Zalomiszko Pláj Ökörmezı Csapadék USGS központ átjátszó Alsókalocsa átjátszó Vízminıség a Munkács Szolyva rc L to a Távmérı központ U Alsókalocsa K (Rókarét) R Záhony Alsóremete Dolha A Szabolcs- JN g r Királymezı o ro veresmar t Huszt yá g Kraszna b od a g A ors Na aa átjátszó T B Körösmezı B Huszt iz Tl Dragobrat sa Dombrád a K só átjátszó c z az s a T a -i T za r i z Ts Huszt a is Nyéresháza te T Vásáros- (Tiszakirva) ke namény Rahó e Tiszabercel F Tivadar Tiszabecs átjátszó s. y- fõc Kaszómezı TOKAJ nya Sonkád Láposmezı Ló Rahó Técsı Kótaj Tunyog- Garbolc T za is Nagybocskó Kántor- Kocsord matolcs V.oroszi NYÍREGYHÁZA jánosi Túr KÖZPONT Iza R O V is Cs s rs llá s á zá zá Csenger M ó Nagyecsed S m os za Á N IA Ágerdımajor NAGY ÁNY B A o s ós á p Als zõc s Als zopor ós Nag yb úny Mac s m ezõ L ka r za Sülelm ed K sn Magyarlá p os a Na szód e os rc S m zte Zilah za Bes Dés B zterc e es Hída lm ás s á lm S m osújvár za A os m Borsa a -z isS K Kolozsvá r Béles os S ida m os za m g -Sza m g -S M e le H id e Pola na Horea
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •HU-UA Telemeasuring System• In HU territory: 19 hydrographic stations• 2 hydromet.stations » 3 URH water discharge st. » 5 aut. groundwater wells » 3 aut. pumping stations » 1 outlet structure• In UA territory: 10 URH hydrogr. stations• • 15 satellite hydrogr.stations » 5 URH hydromet. stations » 5 satellite hydromet. st.
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian technical assistance for •neighbouring countries I. •• In 2001: dyke breach on Upper Tisza inHungarian• territory. Hungarian assistance for pumpingout the excess water in Ukrainian territory(1 month).•• In 2001 and in 2008: Hungarian Government provided support to Ukraine forthe development
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian technical assistance for •neighbouring countries II.• In 2004: pumping provided on Serbianterritory• by the Lower Tisza Directorate (Szeged)•• In 2005: dyke breach on Temes/Timis river in• Roumania. The Hungarian Flood ProtectionService with mobile pumps helped to free aflooded Roumanian pumping station and then• together with Roumanian colleaguespumped out the water from the floodedterritory.
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian icebreakers on the Serbian •and Croatian Danube river section •By a special contract Hungarian icebreakers used to provide technical assistance for Yugoslavian authorities on the Danube (1964/65, 1985/86). Other occasions preparedness were provided. •This bilateral cooperation continued trilaterally •(HU-SE-CRO) •Special expert group meets every December
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Hungarian-Slovenian Transboundary •Cooperation •Heavy floods in 1998 and 2005 on Kebele/ •Kobijlski watercourse •Common study on the Kebele/Kobiljski •catchment to stop the the high floods •(Vodnogospodarski inštitut Ljubljana • VIZITERV Budapest) •INTERREG IIIA SLO-HU-CRO Neighbourhood Programme 2004-2006 • cofinancing of the construction and maintanence of Kebele/Kobiljski Emergency Reservoir
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Financing of Kebele/Koiljski • Emergency Reservoir•EU support by the Structural Fund:1.090.949EUR• from this sum for Hungary: 690.130 EUR• for Slovenia: 400.819EUR•Hungarian contribution: 414.077 EUR•Slovenian contribution: 969.859 EUR•Total cost: 2.474.885 EUR •Ratio of financing: 44% HU, 56% SLO
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Results:• Flood protection of 3 Hungarian and 5Slovenian settlement solved by the project• The reservoir retains 40% of the1%probability• flood for 3-5 days•Provides regulated conveyance of floods onthe River Lendva and its tributaries•Provides possibility for water quality control
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Multilateral Cooperation
•Tisza Water Forum 2001-2004.••WG I. National characteristics of the Tisza River Basin(Yugoslavia)•WG II. Description of the flood control situation bycountries (Romania)•WG III. Increase of lead time available for preparation(Hungary)•WG IV. Definition of the design flood levels (Slovakia)•WG V. Implementation of the necessary measures(lUkraine)•WG VI. Environmental impact assessment (Slovakia)•WG VII. International co-operation, legal framework(Hungary)•WG VIII. Integrating the outputs (Romania)
•Tisza Water Forum Summary••Five lateral ministerial meeting initiated in2001•Concrete results in 4 Working Groups, butcould not achieve concrete common project• Tisza River Basin Flood Control Concept(2002)• Contacts with EU• The results of the Forum were integratedinto the ICPDR Tisza Group activity (2004)•
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •ICPDR Co-operation in the field •of flood protection•1994. Sofia Convention on the Cooperation forthe Protection and Sustainable Use of theDanube•2000. Action Plan for Sustainable FloodPrevention• 2002. Flood Protection Working Group•2004. Adoption of Action Plan•2007. EU Flood Directive•2008. First Report on Achievements for thePublic•2009. Overview of flood monitoring systems
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Targets of Flood Action Plan•Improvement of forecasts•Preparation and coordination of sub-basin action plans•Fora for expert knowledge exchange•Recommendation for commonapproach and evaluation of floodrisks
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Cooperation by the EU Flood Directive•2007. Issue of EU Flood Directive• Aim: to reduce risks•2011. Preliminary Flood RiskAssesment•2013. Flood risk management maps•2015. Flood risk management plans
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •ICPDR projects and programs•TISAR 2007: Joint implementation ofWFD and Flood D. in the Tisza riverbasin• (Development of Flood Mgmt.Strategy)•UNDP/GEF Tisza MPS: testing wetlandand floodplain management• (3 demonstration projects with flood component: practicalimplementations
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Other international •projects•Danube Floodrisk: Risk mapping anddata collection by 8 riparian countries(ICPDR)•Ceframe: Central European FloodRisk Assesment for the Lajta river (HU-AT-SK)•Pro Raab: Development of floodforecasting on the Rába river (HU-AT)
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011. •Conclusions•The flood protection is very importantin transboundary relations(monitoring, forecast, riskassesment, emergencycooperation must be developed).•The bilateral and multilateralcooperation must be harmonized.•The bilateral projects must bedeveloped to regional onesdepending from situation.
•Zagreb, 13-14. December 2011.•Thank you for your kind attention !