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006b NCWRM 2011 vanWeert_IGRAC

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Regional Conference on Advancing Non Conventional Water Resources Management in the Mediterranean, 14-15 September 2011, Athens, Greece

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006b NCWRM 2011 vanWeert_IGRAC

  1. 1. Learning from the groundwaterrecharge movement in Gujarat, India Frank van Weert NCWRM 14-15 Sept 2011, Athens
  2. 2. International GroundwaterResources Assessment Centre• Since 2003• Under auspices of WMO/UNESCO• Funded and based in NL• Various topics: also MAR• www.un-igrac.org
  3. 3. A people’s movement
  4. 4. Norms and rules• Direct pumping ban• Disencouragement of high water use• Maintenance of structures• All loosely enforced and based on social pressure and internal norms
  5. 5. The Success
  6. 6. Groundwater balance Kodinar reference case scenario 210,0 100,0water balance mm/month 50,0 160,0 rivers 0,0 110,0 Q g l r n n p v c b ay ar t ju ap oc au se no de ja ju fe NR m m -50,0 60,0 AR -100,0 Total 10,0 -150,0 -200,0 -40,0 month
  7. 7. 4200,0 4000,0 3800,0TDS concentration (mg/l) Scn1 3600,0 Scn2 Scn6 Scn7 3400,0 3200,0 3000,0 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055
  8. 8. Why successful• Spiritual motivation• externality• Self-organized• Increasing complexity• Now rationalist, economist approach• Motivation for demand management
  9. 9. Flaws• Hardly science• Costs• Disincentives and perverse incentives• Water governance
  10. 10. Thanks

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