Insight Session with Dr. Daniel Gerstein, Deputy Under Secretary, S&T, DHS


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Dr. Daniel M. Gerstein has served as the Deputy Under Secretary for Science & Technology in the Department of Homeland Security since August 2011. He is also an Adjunct Professor at American University in Washington, DC at the School of International Service (SIS) where he teaches graduate level courses on biological warfare and the evolution of military thought.
Dr. Gerstein has extensive experience in the security and defense sectors in a variety of positions while serving as a Senior Executive Service (SES) government civilian, in uniform, and in industry. Before joining DHS, he served as the Principal Director for Countering Weapons of Mass
Destruction (WMD) within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Policy). He has served on four different continents participating in homeland security and counterterrorism, peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, and combat in addition to serving for over a decade in the Pentagon in various high level staff assignments. Following retirement from active duty, Dr. Gerstein joined L-3 Communications as Vice President for Homeland Security Services, leading an organization providing WMD preparedness and response, critical infrastructure security, emergency response capacity, and exercise support to U.S. and international customers.
Dr. Gerstein also has extensive experience in international negotiations having served on the Holbrooke Delegation that negotiated the peace settlement in Bosnia, developed and analyzed negotiating positions for the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) talks, and developed an initiative to improve cross border communications between Colombia and neighboring Andean Ridge nations. Additionally, Dr. Gerstein led an initiative to develop a comprehensive biosurveillance system for the Department of Defense (2010-2011), served on the leadership team for the Project for National Security Reform (PNSR) which was charged with developing a new national security act to reflect the changing security environment (2007-2008), co-led the Secretary of the Army’s Transition Team (2004-2005), and led the Army’s most comprehensive restructuring since World War II (2000-2001).
He has been awarded numerous military and civilian awards including an award from the Government of Colombia, the Department of State’s Distinguished Service Award, and the U.S. Army Soldiers Medal for heroism.
He has published numerous books and articles on national security, biological warfare, and information technology including Bioterror in the 21st Century (Naval Institute Press, October 2009), ICMA Report: Planning for a Pandemic (ICMA Press, Volume 39/Number 3 2007), Securing America’s Future: National Strategy in the Information Age (Praeger Security International, September 2005); Leading at the Speed of Light (Potomac Books, November 2006); Assignment Pentagon (Potomac Books, May 2007). He has also served as a fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and is a current member.

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Insight Session with Dr. Daniel Gerstein, Deputy Under Secretary, S&T, DHS

  1. 1. Department of Homeland SecurityScience & TechnologyPresentation to the GovernmentTechnology and Services CoalitionDr. Daniel GersteinDeputy Under SecretaryScience & Technology DirectorateMay 10, 20131
  2. 2. q One of 10 DHS Components§  Provides key technical & analyticalcapacity for DHS§  Operationally focused§  Supports DHS, Component and HSErequirements with innovationq S&T statistics:§  ~1.2% of DHS Budget§  ~1,200 personnelØ  Federal, contractor, IPAsØ  Highly technical staffq Six primary commodity areas§  First responders, borders &maritime, cyber, chem-bio defense,explosives, resilienceq Highly collaborative§  Components & HSE§  State & Local§  Interagency & International§  Industry & Private sectorq Laboratories§  5 Internal LabsØ  Explosives, biodefense, chemical,urban environmentØ  Adding new agriculturalbiodefense lab§  Responsible for usage of DOE Labs &FFRDCsS&T At A GlanceDHS S&T Mission: Strengthen America’s security and resiliency by providingknowledge products and innovative technology solutions for the HomelandSecurity Enterprise (HSE)2
  3. 3. DHS Mission GuidanceStrategic Guidance(Examples)HomelandSecurity Act 2002QHSR(Feb 2010)National ResponseFramework (2008)Globalization &TransportationBorder Security &ImmigrationViolentExtremismCyber DomainNature ofInnovationNaturalDisastersComplex &DynamicEnvironmentWhite HouseGuidance(Examples)3More Threats,Less ResourcesQuadrennial HomelandSecurity Review (QHSR) 2010Threatsq Smaller Scale Terrorismq Trafficking & Crimeq Pandemics, Accidents,Natural Hazardsq Violent Extremismq High Consequence WMDCore Missions1.  Preventing terrorism &enhancing security2.  Securing and managingour borders3.  Enforcing & administeringimmigration laws4.  Safeguarding and securingcyberspace5.  Ensuring resilience todisastersHSPD-5National IncidentManagementSystem(2003)PPD-8NationalPreparedness(2011)Cyber ExecutiveOrder (EO) andPPD-21 CriticalInfrastructure EO(2013)HSPD-7CriticalInfrastructureIdentification &Protection (2003)Energy SectorPlan (2010)U.S Law &Interagency
  4. 4. Department of Homeland Security4q Personnel: DHS is about 230K … HSE is about 3.5Mq Culture of law enforcementq Focus on borders, customs enforcement & maritimeq Requires threat, lexicon, plans, procedures,communications, etc.q  First Responders across the Nationq  Critical InfrastructureHomeland SecurityEnterprise (HSE)
  5. 5. Organization of DHS Science &Technology (S&T) Aligned with Mission5First RespondersGroup (FRG)Homeland SecurityAdvanced ResearchProjects Agency(HSARPA)Research &DevelopmentPartnerships (RDP)Acquisition Support& OperationsAnalysis (ASOA)Under SecretaryDeputy Under Secretaryq  Interoperability &Compatibilityq  TechnologyClearinghouseq  National Urban SecurityTechnology Lab (NUSTL)q  Borders & Maritimeq  Chemical/Biologicalq  Cyber Securityq  Explosivesq  Resilient Systemsq  Research & DevelopmentAnalysis & AssessmentØ  Transportation SecurityLab (TSL)q  Federally Funded Research &Development CentersProgram Management Officeq  Standardsq  Test & Evaluationq  Interagencyq  Internationalq  National LabsØ  Plum Island (PIADC)Ø  National Biodefense Analysis& Countermeasures Center(NBACC)Ø  Chemical Security AnalysisCenter (CSAC)Ø  National Bio & Agro-DefenseFacility (NBAF)q  Public-Private Partnershipsq  University ProgramsS&T’s Value Added Proposition …q  Operationally focused … focused technology options & operationalprocess enhancementsq  Innovative … develop innovative, systems-based solutions to complexhomeland security problemsq  Partnerships … technical depth and reach to leverage technologysolutions from federal, state, local and tribal governments,universities, and the private sector - across the US and internationallyTSA, CBP, CIS, ICE, USSS,FEMA, USCG, NPPD, DNDO,OHA, First Responders
  6. 6. CyberSystems AnalysisCollaborationFrom R&D to r&DDeliverablesMaximizing Operational & TechnologyReturns in Challenging Fiscal Times6DHS S&T CurrentPrioritiesq  Cybersecurityq  Biodefenseq  Home MadeExplosives (HME)q  First Respondersq  ResilienceIncludingTechnologyForagingABIdentifying Threats,Risks & OpportunitiesDeveloping Objectives& PrioritiesFilling Requirements& Gaps
  7. 7. S&T Budget History7
  8. 8. Changing Priorities and IncreasedPartner Alignment8q  FY 13 and projected FY14 demonstrates increased confidence in S&T roleØ  Adherence to the value proposition … operational focus, innovation & building partnershipsØ  Increased leveraging of resources … greater push for transitionCyber Security(CSD)Explosives(EXD)FirstResponders(FRG)ResilientSolutions(RSD)Chem/Biological(CBD)Borders &Maritime(BMD)•  FMD Vaccine•  Bio-Threat RiskAssessment•  Sandy LessonsLearned•  Resilient Electric Grid•  SCADA System Security•  Cloud Security•  Mobile Device Security•  Next-GenerationPassenger Checkpoint•  HME Characterization•  Rad/Nuc Response &Recovery•  Wildland FirefightersAdvanced PPE•  Import Security•  Counterfeit Cargo“Big Data”•  Data scraping•  Visualization•  Data Intensive Computing•  Data Qualities•  Pattern Recognition•  Decision Making•  Privacy•  Models & Simulation
  9. 9. 9DHS Challenges for Cyber SecuritySecuring FederalCivilian GovernmentNetworksResponding to CyberThreatsCombatingCybercrimeBuildingPartnershipsFostering InnovationProtecting CriticalInfrastructureGrowing &Strengthening theCyber WorkforceSabotage &AttackEspionageMoneyLaunderingDenial ofServiceHacktivismBanking &FinancialFraudCounterfeitingIdentityTheftIntellectualPropertyTheftChild Pornography &ExploitationCountering Threats Harmonizing Efforts Building CapabilitiesNext Steps: Implementing Cyber Executive Order … Potential Congressional Legislation?U.S.  Federal  Cybersecurity  Opera5ons  Team    Na5onal  Roles  and  Responsibili5es  
  10. 10. q Captured Component “big data” requirements§  Average 3-5 “big data” issues per component§  43 issues identified across 10 components§  Currently consolidating & analyzing resultsq Work governance issues within DHS§  NPPD/CIO/S&T§  Components§  Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE)q Continue to catalogue ongoing effortsq Identify common, long-term efforts for R&Dq Continue to work cultural issues that tend toplague big dataDHS Big Data Way ForwardGoal is to improve operational effectiveness and efficiency within theDepartment and HSE
  11. 11. Portfolio Structure for Explosives Division11AviationSecurityFacilitiesProtectionIntermodalSecurityImprovisedExplosivesCheckedBaggageCheckpointAir CargoAircraftVulnerabilityPerson BorneThreat ImagingEye Safe TraceHome-madeExplosive (HME)CharacterizationMass TransitCanineIntegrated Checkpoint OperationsDevelop a risk-basedthreat assessmentCharacterize theproperties of threatsDetermine the damageeffectsIdentify, evaluate, &improve technologies
  12. 12. S&T Bio ContributionsInternational&AcademicS&T LabsSuccesses (Examples)Chem-Bio Division …Save lives & protectNation’sinfrastructure againstchemical, biological& agricultural threats& disasters.q DOE National Labsq Defense Threat ReductionAgency (DTRA)q Department of Agricultureq Others …Interagencyq  Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) Vaccineq  Rapid point of care diagnosticsq  Biowatch fielding & analysisq  Medical Countermeasures Development (MCM)supportq  DHS laboratory certificationq  “White Powder” standardq  Assay development standardsq  Threat characterization studiesq  Bioterror Risk Assessment (BTRA)q  Bioforensics12Areas of Concern (Examples)Agricultural VaccinesInternational BSAT StandardsResilience CommunicationCrisis ManagementLocal Response CapabilityForecasting Future ThreatsPublic Biothreat EducationSupply Chain SecurityInt’l/Domestic Response TrainingIntegrated Consortium of Laboratory Networks (ICLN)Decon of CI/KR (Ag & Bio)
  13. 13. Superstorm Sandy, First Responders &Resilience13q  Largest Atlantic hurricane on recordØ  At its peak, hurricane-force winds extended 175miles (280km) from centerØ  Tropical storm-force winds felt 520 miles(835km) awayq  24 states affected … entire U.S. eastern seaboardØ  131 fatalities in U.S.q  Massive flooding from storm surge in New YorkCity, New JerseyØ  $63 billion in estimated damageØ  8.5 million without power at peak§  ~1 million without power after one weekWhat are the lessons learned in the aftermath of SuperstormSandy? What does it mean for infrastructure? How do we buildin resilience? What should we do to better prepare, prevent,mitigate, respond and recovery from future catastrophic events?
  14. 14. National Urban Security TechnologyLaboratory – Nuclear Detection and FirstResponder FocusedNational Biodefense Analysisand Countermeasures Center – BiologicalThreat Assessment, Bioforensic AnalysisPlum Island Animal DiseaseCenter – Animal VaccineR&DTransportation SecurityLaboratory – ExplosivesDetection, Damage MitigationDHS S&T operates 5 dedicated labs and has access to DOE NationalLabs’ capabilitiesChemical Security AnalysisCenter – Chemical ForensicsDHS S&T Laboratory Network14
  15. 15. DHS S&T Performers15DOE National LabsFederally FundedResearch &DevelopmentCenters (FFRDCs)DHS Centers ofExcellence(COE)&AcademicInstitutionsDHS S&T LabsInteragencyInternationalPrivate IndustryLargeIntegratorsMedium &SmallBusinessIndustry OrganizationsInvestment CommunityPIADC NBACCCSAC TSL NUSTLNBAF
  16. 16. q S&T Webinar Series§  Variety of topics covering S&T areas§  Variety of desired outcomes:Ø  Information sharingØ  RFI / RFP focusedØ  Identification of S&T prioritiesØ  Identification of potential transitiontechnologiesq Safety Act (Since 2003)§  From technologies to services§  A market differentiator§  Considered ~800§  Approved 572q Cooperative R&D Agreement(CRADA)§  A good way to ensure transition§  144 entered since 2008q Broad Agency Announcement (BAA)§  New LRBAA ~ Mid January 2013Ø  Predict 90-100 topic areas for CY13solicitationØ  Can be accessed at§  Also have a Cyber BAAØ  Can be accessed at Small Business Innovation Research(SBIR) …§  Goal is to gain advantages of smallbusiness innovation§  Next SBIR … 13.1 in mid-December§  ~500 of initiatives since 2004q SECURE§  Links stakeholders to private sector toarticulate requirements§  Promotes DHS solutions at marketspeedBusiness Partnership Initiatives
  17. 17. S&T R&DS&T Value AddedPropositionOperationalRelevance …Innovation ….Partnerships …S&T R&DJoint S&T and Industry EffortTechnology Transition to Operational Use17InformsS&T Priorities:•  Biodefense•  Cybersecurity•  Home-made Explosives•  First Responder Support•  LRBAA & White Papers•  CRADA•  Centers of Excellence•  InternationalIndustry Partnerthrough CRADA1:  Early  S&T R&D2:  Mid  3:  Late  Transitionto IndustryVALLEYOFDEATHToolsIndustryCollaborationCooperative R&D Agreements (CRADA)Long Range Broad Area Announcement (BAA)Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)Safety ActSecureTechnology ForagingSystems Analysis4:  As  Needed  ExamplesARMORFMDVaccineCIRTRECX(Just In Time Transition????)DoD/DHSdifferences
  18. 18. SBIR: Small Business InnovationResearch Program§  Phase I:Ø  Radio Frequency Sensing of Persons in WoodsØ  Hybrid Analysis MappingØ  GPS Disruption Detection and LocalizationØ  Quick Disconnect Cables for Power DistributionØ  Burn-Saver Device§  FY12.2: Funding 12 Phase I projects (w/FY12$); ~$1.9M needed in FY13 for 5 Phase II:Ø  Solid State Storage Investigative Tools forPoliceØ  Automated Threat Recognition AlgorithmsØ  Objective Measures for Screener Imaging TechØ  Hardening Hand Held Devices for FirstRespondersØ  Next Gen Textiles for PPE§  FY12.1: 6 Phase II projects under negotiation; ~$4.5M in FY13:Ø  Non-Freezing Portable Vehicle Wash TunnelsØ  Moving Target DefenseØ  Safe Standoff Detection of Bulk ExplosivesØ  Tracking Person within a Security PerimeterØ  Swarm Robotic Sensing Platform for Search/RescueØ  Firearms and Ammunition Test Equipment§  FY11.2: Funding 6 Phase II projects (1st incrementw/FY12$); ~$1.7M needed in FY13:Ø  Low Power Tri-Axial Acoustic SensorØ  Improved Wipe for Surface Chemical AgentSamplingØ  Mobile Device ForensicsØ  Standoff Checkpoint Detection for ExplosivesØ  Iris Image Quality Tools for BiometricRecognitionØ  Intelligent “Object” Symbology§  FY11.1: Funding 5 Phase II projects (1st incrementw/FY12$); $1.6M needed in FY13:Ø  Small Vessel Identification and TrackingTechnologiesØ  Environmental Samples for Biological DetectionØ  Infrared Laser SourcesØ  Mitigation of Challenges to Iris RecognitionØ  Public Safety Broadband Mobile App for VoiceØ  Improved Firefighter SCBA Face Piece Lensesq  Statutory purpose: To stimulate technological innovation by strengthening the role of innovativesmall businesses in Federally-funded R&Dq  FY13.2: ~$1.2M available in FY13 for 4 topics (~12 Phase I projects)q  Not less than 2.7% of S&T’s FY13 extramural budget will be provided for SBIR: ~$14.0M
  19. 19. S&T Broad Agency AnnouncementsActive S&T BAAs§  BAA13-007 Chemical Attribution Signatures for Chemical ThreatAgentsØ  Forensic AnalysisØ  Sampling§  BAA 13-008 Characterization of Biological Threat AgentsØ  Agent Production Rates & Stability/Decay RatesØ  Incubation Time for Disease OnsetØ  Morbidity and Mortality RatesØ  ID50 and LD50Ø  Biological Agent Characterization§  BAA 13-05 Advanced X-ray Material DiscriminationØ  X-Ray Test Bed Prototype Design, Build and TestØ  Information Theoretic AnalysisØ  Classification on Vendor Data SetsØ  Automated Decision AidsØ  Priors LibraryØ  Monte Carlo Model for X-ray SystemsØ  Current EDS/AT platform detection assessmentØ  Test ArticlesØ  Component DevelopmentØ  X-Ray System Architectural Design Conceptsq  Long-Range BAA (LRBAA): Solicitations with a broad range of topic areas come out of S&Tq  BAA: Issue-specific solicitations come directly out of S&T’s DivisionsØ  Each is presented with numerous topic areas
  20. 20. S&T Long Range BAA§  Borders and Maritime SecurityØ  BMD.01 Land Border SecurityØ  BMD.02 Maritime Border Security§  Chemical and BiologicalØ  CBD.02 Improved SamplingØ  CBD.03 Sample PreparationØ  CBD.04 Instruments and DetectionØ  CBD.05 Facility ProtectionØ  CBD.06 ICBRNE ProgramØ  CBD.07 CBRN Threat Characterization ProgramØ  CBD.08 FAD CountermeasuresØ  CBD.09 FAD Rapid Diagnostic TestingØ  CBD. 10 FAD Modeling and AnalysisØ  CBD.11 Animal Disease Outbreak Response§  First ResponderØ  FRG.12 Training Simulation ToolsØ  FRG.13 Protective Clothing and EquipmentØ  FRG.14 Big Data Information ManagementØ  FRG.15 Remote Monitoring of RespondersØ  FRG.16 CommunicationsØ  FRG.17 Video SharingØ  FRG.18 Video Transport AnalysisØ  FRG.19 Response to Alert and Warning MessagingØ  FRG.20 Geo-Targeting§  HSARPA/InnovationØ  HID.02 Apex Project ManagementØ  HID.03 Apex Project TechnologiesØ  HID.04 Information ResourcesØ  HID.05 Communications, Surveillance, ReconØ  HID.06 Individual ProtectionØ  HID.07 Mobile SecurityØ  HID.08 Big Data Architectures and Analytics§  Resilient SystemsØ  RSD 1.1 Behavior-Based Methods, Models, TechØ  RSD 1.2 Threat R&DØ  RSD 1.3 Deceptive/Suspicious Behavior DetectionØ  RSD 1.4 BiometricsØ  RSD 2.1 Surveillance SystemsØ  RSD 2.2 Resilient and Sustainable InfrastructureØ  RSD 3.1 Agile Decision Aid AnalyticsØ  RSD 3.2 Modeling, Simulation, Gaming TechØ  RSD 3.3 Geospatial and Remote SensingØ  RSD 3.4 Emergency ManagementØ  RSD 3.5 Information Sharing§  Cyber SecurityØ  CSD.02 Internet Infrastructure SecurityØ  CSD.03 National Research InfrastructureØ  CSD.04 Homeland Open Security TechnologyØ  CSD.05 Forensics Support to Law EnforcementØ  CSD.06 Identity ManagementØ  CSD.07 Data Privacy TechnologiesØ  CSD.08 Software AssuranceØ  CSD.09 Cyber Security EducationØ  CSD.10 Critical Infrastructure Systems and SecurityØ  CSD.11 Internet Measurement and Attack ModelingØ  CSD.12 Securing the Mobile WorkforceØ  CSD.13 Security in Cloud Based SystemsØ  CSD.14 Experiments and PilotsØ  CSD.15 Research Data RepositoryØ  CSD.16 Cybersecurity Economic IncentivesØ  CSD.17 Data AnalyticsØ  CSD.18 Tailored Trustworthy SpacesActive S&T Long Range Broad Agency Announcement : DHSS-TLRBAA12-07
  21. 21. §  Contact DHS S&T - Phone: 202-254-6006;§ - Posts DHS S&T and all U.S.government business opportunities§ - Solicitations Portal for Broad AgencyAnnouncements that address needs of DHS S&T technicaldivisions§ - SBIR Program for Small Businessesposts two solicitations annually seeking technical capabilitiesthat cut across DHS S&T divisions§ - SAFETY Act helps facilitatedevelopment and use of qualified anti-terrorism technologiesby providing limited liability protection to manufacturers§ – A collaborative environment forfederal, state, local, and tribal first responders to access andleverage federal web services, information on resources, products,standards, testing and evaluation and best practices§ search “SECURE” - SECURE program leveragesprivate sector resources and expertise to develop solutionsaligned with DHS operational requirementsDoing Business with DHS S&T21
  22. 22. Understanding of Homeland Security Risks& Opportunities•  Leading DHS wide “Big Data” initiative•  Chemical & Bioterror Risk Assessment•  Have 12 bilateral international agreements•  Manage laboratories that conduct key R&D•  Coastal Hazards Center wave surge predictor•  Full operation of National Biological Analysis &Countermeasures Center (NBACC)•  Building state-of-the-art National Bio and Agro-Defense FacilityProcess Enhancements & Efficiencies•  Technology foraging for situational awarenessof key technologies & systems•  Power grid reconstitution (RecX transformer)•  ARMOR randomization algorithm•  Adapting DoD equipment for Homeland Security•  White Powder Standard•  Partnering with international, interagency, stateand local, industry•  S&T Webinar seriesDHS S&T In Review22Technological Capabilities & KnowledgeProducts•  Foot & Mouth Disease vaccine•  Major cybersecurity protocol adoption•  Firefighter protective gear•  Homemade explosives characterization•  3D geo-location for responders•  Backboard cover and neck brace system•  Multi-band Radio for first responders•  Tunnel Plug•  Resilient Electric GridAcquisition Support & OperationalAnalysis•  S&T Operational Research Enhancement(STORE) for the U.S. Secret Service•  Incorporating systems analysis into DHS•  CBP Rio Grande Valley operational analysis•  SBInet Analysis of Alternatives•  Vulnerability assessments for underwatermass transit tunnels•  T&E oversight for all 135 DHS majoracquisition programsHomelandSecurityEnterpriseInteragency InternationalIndustry