Aspergillosis Patient Support Meeting March 2011 - Jane Mabey Gilsenan

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A talk which aims to show the value of the use of computers in scientific research, particularly research involving the sequencing and analysis of the Aspergillus Genome (DNA)

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Aspergillosis Patient Support Meeting March 2011 - Jane Mabey Gilsenan

  1. 1. LED BY GRAHAM ATHERTON SUPPORTED BY GEORGINA POWELL, MARIE KIRWAN & DEBBIE KENNEDY NAC CENTRE MANAGER CHRIS HARRIS TALKS GIVEN JANE MABEY GILSENAN RESEARCHER, NAC NATIONAL ASPERGILLOSIS CENTRE UHSM MANCHESTER Support Meeting for Aspergillosis Patients Fungal Research Trust
  2. 2. Computers: what role do they have in Aspergillus research? Jane Mabey Gilsenan
  3. 3. First guesses?
  4. 4. A talk of two parts: An introduction to Aspergilli and a little genetics An introduction to the use of computers in research, in particular Aspergillus research
  5. 5. A little biology…..
  6. 6. What are Aspergilli? They are a sub-group of the kingdom fungi - but what’s that?
  7. 7. What’s so special about fungi and Aspergilli? Many fungi are model organisms – they have been well studied and have increased our knowledge of more complex animals Although they are simple organisms, their cell structure is similar to mammals. This means we can investigate them easily in the lab and learn more about us! The Aspergilli are a very interesting group of fungi – they are found everywhere and they can be both harmful and helpful to other organisms A human, for example, can be helped or hindered by Aspergillus fumigatus.
  8. 8. The Helpful
  9. 9. The Not-so-helpful
  10. 10. Why do these organisms display such characteristics? We need to look at the cellular level: DNA encodes all the information a living organism needs to survive. Genes are units of information within DNA. Proteins are the products of genes and are the molecules in the organism that are both building blocks and work horses.
  11. 11. Bringing computers into biology can be likened to the tools used by a project manager to build a skyscraper!
  12. 12. Biology and Computers – A perfect marriage!
  13. 13. Computers help researchers organise and analyse genomic information 1970 1980 1990 2000 Everything written in lab notebooks passed down the research group. Disorganised and work usually made available through publication. First attempts to organise information. A protein database developed (SWISSPROT) – a basic on-line catalogue for scientists. By this time, researchers were using computers more to keep notes. There were also many different databases developed for proteins and genes. Also more accessible on the internet, so links made between databases. This made it easier for scientists to gather information to help their research. Life was brought to the 1D information. On-line resources and databases began to use still and moving graphics to illustrate biological data. With the surge of data, this made information much easier to take in.
  14. 14. What does all this mean? 1970 1980 1990 2000 A random list of items in a shop, that each shop assistant passes around when its needed. An organised list of each item, description and price available to the shop assistants and shoppers, just like an Argos catalogue but without pictures! Different shops now offering catalogues WITH pictures – Argos, Boots, Mothercare, B&Q etc. Internet shopping using individual stores (e.g., Argos and Boots) or one big super on-line store like Amazon.
  15. 15. What was happening around 2000 with Aspergillus information? We only had fragments of information about the genes and proteins Data was scattered across many different databases around the world For patients, anti-fungal medication was limited A resource had developed to provide medical information to a variety of people – The Aspergillus Website
  16. 16. What was happening around 2000 with Aspergillus information? We needed to gather all the genetic information, to understand Aspergillus better and to link this with the medical information….. Better drug development
  17. 17. C A DRE: Central Aspergillus Data Repository This project began as part of a pilot study for investigating the DNA sequence of Aspergillus fumigatus The intention was to enable the management and visualisation of information arising from this genome project – DNA sequence, genes and proteins This has expanded to house several other Aspergillus genomes and we can do a lot more with the data….. A web site primarily aimed at researchers but it is accessible to everyone with internet access www.cadre-genomes.org.uk This project began in 2001 – its our 10 th Anniversary this year!
  18. 18. C A DRE: www.cadre-genomes.org.uk
  19. 22. Why are we interested in several genomes? The Aspergillus group share similarities in their genome and some have been studied more than others…..
  20. 23. Using specialised software, we can - <ul><li>compare their sequences and find out if they have the same genes </li></ul><ul><li>can also try to make predictions about genes based on what we know </li></ul><ul><li>This can help lab researchers to be more focused in their studies and to refine our knowledge of these genomes. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Wherever possible, all our information is made public In doing this, researchers in Manchester, the UK and abroad can use C A DRE to aid Aspergillus research New information is added to the website thereby improving the data
  22. 25. In summary, computers can… Aid in organisation and visualisation of biological data Aid in sharing and collaborating with other research groups Better understanding of Aspergillus Improved drug development Improved use in other industries
  23. 26. Thank you! www.aspergillus-genomes.org.uk - a combined website for presenting medically relevant genomic data. It is maintained by the C A DRE and The Aspergillus Website groups. www.aspercyc.org.uk - a website presenting the network of interactions between proteins in Aspergillus . Maintained by the C A DRE group. www.cadre-genomes.org.uk - a website that presents genomic information for Aspergillus genomes. Maintained by the C A DRE group.

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