Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative


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UN-Habitat, Nairobi, Kenya

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Understanding and Measuring Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat's initiative

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  2. 2. Measuring and Promoting Urban Resilience: A new UN-Habitat Programme Ansa Masaud Human Settlements Officer, Risk Reduction and Reconstruction Branch, UN-Habitat, HQ, Nairobi IDRC Conference, Davos 20122
  3. 3. Urban Resilience “ The capacity of urban systems to absorb andrecover quickly from a crisis ” ”
  4. 4. Resilient CitiesThe primary goal of UN-Habitat is to realizethe goal of sustainabledevelopment in cities.Key to this is ensuring thatcities are able to withstandand recover quickly fromcatastrophic events.
  5. 5. Cities at Risk• More than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities• 2011 Highest loses in history, urban economic losses exceeding $400 billion• Largest impacts in Christchurch, New Zealand and Sendai Province, Japan• Urban and Settlements systems unable to cope with hazards and risks
  6. 6. Why an indexing approach? • All available urban systems approaches are risk based (DRR-based); • Most standards, regulations, and specifications balance risk and cost; • Risk-based approaches focus on identification and remedial development; • Indexing provides benchmarks; • Standards provide future planning targets; • Quantification and monitoring ensures progress; • Urban systems approach ensures integrated resilience planning and development, and • Resilient cities protect sustainable development trajectories. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME6
  7. 7. Key outputs from the URIP • An adaptable urban systems model suitable for all human settlements for pre, post crisis; • A menu of tools to strengthen resilience in urban areas • A set of resilience indicators for calibrating urban systems in pre and post crisis; • Global standards set for urban resilience; • A new UN-Habitat normative framework for monitoring urban systems resilience globally • Shared goals of models of urban systems URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME7
  8. 8. Global Challenges Local Realities• Two decades of on- going negotiations • Need for bottom-• Continued emphasis up, city level on national-level institution building concerns. • Transfer of capacity and know- how to engage planners and urban authorities at the frontline
  9. 9. Risk vs. Resilience • Risk: • Resilience: o Based on hazard(s) o Multi-hazard approach o Vulnerability driven o Urban systems analysis o Spatial orientation o Integrated strategies o Sector-based o Forward planning and assessments development o Remedial ‘adaptation’ o Resilience driven and ‘risk reduction’ URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME9
  10. 10. Urban systems Organization Physical Elements Space Built environment Infrastructure Transport Planning Public works Revenue Management Functional Elements Individual Tim URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME e10
  11. 11. Building an urban systems model Requirements: •An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive framework; •A system and approach for defining and quantifying components of resilience; •An interface that is accessible and user-friendly; •Ownership by urban governments •Of use to DRR, humanitarian and development actors URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME11
  12. 12. Thoughts for Urban Recovery • Infrastructure, health, housing, water, sanitation systems are an integral element of all urban systems; • Structurally sound hospitals won’t necessarily function if the hazard is a major flood, or if other urban systems fail; • Resilient health systems are ‘able to withstand and recovery quickly from any crisis’; • Functional continuity in communication, infrastructure through crises is essential for ensuring urban resilience; • Recovery and reconstruction programming in cities can increase resilience and produce measurable development gain following crisis. o
  13. 13. An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive framework • Integrates sectoral urban elements related to: o Land o Built environment o Infrastructure o Environment o Economy… • …and organizational elements such as: o Individuals o Community o Local government o Regional (district, provincial, state) o National government o …and international stakeholders URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME13
  14. 14. An adaptable, flexible and comprehensive urban framework • With spatial elements: o Smallest discrete units (plots) o Community/neighborhood o Sub-urban districts/boroughs o Urban/metro o Regional o State/national o X-border • …and: o Time – Each element of the urban system is vulnerable to any, or all of a host of hazards. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME14
  15. 15. Building tools that are accessible and user-friendly Two complex systems that require: • Integration: oTaking the adaptable urban systems model and creating quantifiable indicators for resilience • Interface: oBuildingknowledge, tools and software that allows urban managers, technical staff, and other stakeholders to determine future urban development targets to ensure resilient cities. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME15
  16. 16. Building ownership by urban governments Developing useful tools and targets: • Up to 10 pilot cities selected from the ISDR Making Cities Resilient Campaign partners; • Key partnerships and innovative linkages with city networks, communities, industry, planners, professional networks, researchers, academia, and agencies; • Linkages to UN-Habitat World Urban Campaign; • Focus on Hyogo Framework for Action and MCR Campaign, post-2015; • Targeting Habitat III conference 2016 for launching Urban Resilience Monitoring Programme. URBAN RESILIENCE INDEXING PROGRAMME16
  17. 17. THANK YOU For comments and feedback: Ansa.masaud@unhabitat.org17