Perfect Storm of Challenges in the Drylands• Rainfall is becoming more erratic and extreme.• Temperatures are increasing, intensifying crop stress.• Soil fertility is further declining in many regions.• Inorganic fertilizers are increasingly expensive.• Population growth rates remain estremely high• Farm sizes are rapidly declining. Farming isexpanding into more marginal lands.
The imperatives• Build more productive and drought resilient farming systems at scale• Strengthen the economic position and the social status and empowerment of women• Improve food security and nutrition• Contribute to conflict reduction by increasing the resource pie
Reversing Desertification throughFarmer-Managed Natural Regeneration Southern Niger in the 1980s
The albida halo effect• Microclimate buffering• Soil fertility improvement
A Parkland Renaissance: trees are young and growing
Aerial view of a parkland dominated by Faidherbia in Niger
Major agroforestry regions in West Africa and directions of expansion
Adaptation of fertilizer recommendation to local conditionswith strategic application of nurientsOther Successes:•Local fertilizer packaging andblending•Target input Vouchers•Legume-cereal rotation orintercrop•Participatory approaches Application of fertilizers in the seed holes at planting time
Rainwater HarvestingContour stone bunds slow runoff, increasing infiltration and water available to crops.
Rainwater HarvestingFarm pond technologyNow suitable for massupscalingMore than 3000 farmponds are now operating inLare, Nakuru, Kenyawww.searnet.org
Scaling up Evergreen AgricultureIntegrating Biofertilizer and Fodder Trees into croplandsto restore and build more productive and drought resilient farmingand livestock systemsRainwater Harvesting with an accent on simple techniques forenhanced crop production, water recharge and water retentionintegrated with agroforestry.Integrated Soil Fertility M anagement with fertilizermicrodosingwith enhanced organic nutrient sources combined withagroforestry.
Faidherbia albida is commonly found in cereal crop systems in Ethiopia
December 2011: Ethiopian Prime Minister announces national programme to establish 100 million Faidherbia trees in farmers’ fields
17 Countries are engaged in EverGreen Agriculture Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration Conservation Agriculture with trees Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration + Trees interplanted in conventional tilled cropland
Conclusions• The drylands crises are serious and multi- dimensional• A fresh low-cost approach to land regeneration and food security has taken root in Africa, and is spreading widely.• Millions of smallholders are adopting effective low cost land regeneration methods• Poorest households should be targeted over large areas to end hunger in Africa• Many nations are implementing or launching national scaling-up programmes• The EverGreen Agriculture Partnership is accelerating the process of widespread adoption
For More InformationWorld Agroforestry Centrewww.worldagroforestry.orgEvergreen Agriculture web firstname.lastname@example.org