Training Imams in Basic Mental
Health Care: Capacity Building in
Muslim Communities
Jed Magen DO MS
Farha Abbasi MD
Colleg...
“No Health Without Mental Health”
• Mental Health and Substance Use
Disorders are 2nd leading cause of
Disability Adjusted...
“No Health Without Mental Health”
The economic burdens associated
with mental disorders exceed those
associated with each ...
One Health concepts as applied to
Mental Health:
• integrated approaches to
human/environment problems
• identifying risk
...
One Health concepts as applied to
Muslim Mental Health:
• understanding multiple inputs in
the environment and resultant
d...
INTRODUCTION
• Multilevel
stakeholders
– International
– National
– Local/community
• Community
members
• Community leader...
One Health Concepts as applied to
Muslim Mental Health:
• understanding community
organization
• understanding epidemiolog...
One Health Concepts as applied to
Muslim Mental Health:
• identifying community stakeholders,
leaders
• identifying interv...
Interviews with 300,000 US
households
• anger, stresses, and worry are more
likely to be reported by some
groups of Muslim...
• Muslim Americans were the least
likely religious group to be
thriving, especially when
compared with Jewish Americans
an...
Muslim Mental Health Initiatives
Objectives
• developing resilience in the
Muslim community by engaging,
educating and emp...
This model can easily be applied to
other minority groups.
Community Organization
F a m ily - I m m e d ia t e o r E x e n d e d
A lt e r n a t iv e M e d ic in e P r a c t it io n ...
Muslim Mental Health Conferences
Stakeholders
• community leaders
• religious leaders=Imams
• other interested individuals
Muslim Mental Health Conferences
• collaboration with large, well
connected community welfare
organizations
• Muslim psych...
Goals
• Awareness
• Acceptance
• Access
Muslim Mental Health Initiatives
•Improving awareness of the
frequency and importance of
mental health issues
awareness
•
•
•
•
•

active listening
cultural sensitivity
trauma management
community-based activities
community empowerm...
Acceptance
Decreasing the sense of isolation by
teaching cultural competence to the
non-Muslim Providers. Educating
them about Islamo...
ACCESS
• barriers to care
• health disparities
• faith based mental health
Training Imam’s/chaplains to better
understand behavioral disorders,
handle mental health crises and to
be able to refer t...
Impact
• over 100 Imams and community
leaders trained as first aid mental
health workers.
• more awareness in congregation...
Impact
• increased willingness to seek help
and treatment?
• mental health training has become a
component of Islamic chap...
Next Steps
secure funding for community
surveys
• mosques where Imam has training
vs those where there is no training
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Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities

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GRF 2nd One Health Summit 2013: Presentation by Jed Magen, Michigan State University

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Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities

  1. 1. Training Imams in Basic Mental Health Care: Capacity Building in Muslim Communities Jed Magen DO MS Farha Abbasi MD College of Osteopathic Medicine Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
  2. 2. “No Health Without Mental Health” • Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders are 2nd leading cause of Disability Adjusted Life Years worldwide • Depressive Disorders account for 40% of mental health issues Global Burden of Disease Attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the global burden of disease study 2010 Lancet 382:9904;1575-1586
  3. 3. “No Health Without Mental Health” The economic burdens associated with mental disorders exceed those associated with each of four other major categories of noncommunicable disease: diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and cancer.
  4. 4. One Health concepts as applied to Mental Health: • integrated approaches to human/environment problems • identifying risk • prevention • intervention and policy
  5. 5. One Health concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • understanding multiple inputs in the environment and resultant dysfunctions in communities and ecosystems resulting in individual disorders.
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION • Multilevel stakeholders – International – National – Local/community • Community members • Community leaders – Ethnic – Religious One Health
  7. 7. One Health Concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • understanding community organization • understanding epidemiology of disorders in community
  8. 8. One Health Concepts as applied to Muslim Mental Health: • identifying community stakeholders, leaders • identifying interventions that are accepted, can be implemented by lay persons and will be effective
  9. 9. Interviews with 300,000 US households • anger, stresses, and worry are more likely to be reported by some groups of Muslim Americans than by their racial counterparts and other faiths.
  10. 10. • Muslim Americans were the least likely religious group to be thriving, especially when compared with Jewish Americans and Mormons. • Muslim youth age 18 to 28 were the least happy and most angry compared to youth of other faith groups. Muslim Americans: A National Portrait." Gallup Center for Muslim Studies 2009
  11. 11. Muslim Mental Health Initiatives Objectives • developing resilience in the Muslim community by engaging, educating and empowering. • keeping hierarchal and collectivistic approaches of these groups, the community and religious leaders
  12. 12. This model can easily be applied to other minority groups.
  13. 13. Community Organization F a m ily - I m m e d ia t e o r E x e n d e d A lt e r n a t iv e M e d ic in e P r a c t it io n e r C o m m u n it y E ld e r P r im a r y C a r e P r o v id e r M e n t a l H e a lt h S e r v ic e s R e lig io u s / S p ir it u a l L e a d e r
  14. 14. Muslim Mental Health Conferences Stakeholders • community leaders • religious leaders=Imams • other interested individuals
  15. 15. Muslim Mental Health Conferences • collaboration with large, well connected community welfare organizations • Muslim psychiatrist from academic department leads • agreement with key stakeholders on topics • effective collaborations
  16. 16. Goals • Awareness • Acceptance • Access
  17. 17. Muslim Mental Health Initiatives •Improving awareness of the frequency and importance of mental health issues
  18. 18. awareness • • • • • active listening cultural sensitivity trauma management community-based activities community empowerment
  19. 19. Acceptance
  20. 20. Decreasing the sense of isolation by teaching cultural competence to the non-Muslim Providers. Educating them about Islamophobia as a form of racism, creating more acceptance around spiritual/religious practices.
  21. 21. ACCESS • barriers to care • health disparities • faith based mental health
  22. 22. Training Imam’s/chaplains to better understand behavioral disorders, handle mental health crises and to be able to refer to mental health services.
  23. 23. Impact • over 100 Imams and community leaders trained as first aid mental health workers. • more awareness in congregations. • decrease in stigma?
  24. 24. Impact • increased willingness to seek help and treatment? • mental health training has become a component of Islamic chaplaincy training.
  25. 25. Next Steps secure funding for community surveys • mosques where Imam has training vs those where there is no training

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