The campaign is aimed at reaching at least thousand cities to sign-up to the ten campaign essentials and identify activities and plans to improve the city resilience. It aims at Mayors / Governors / Commissioners and City Councils in the first instance. But the campaign is also addressing technical staff and national authorities responsible for local and urban development planning and disaster risk management and reduction. The term ‘ city ’ refers to urban areas in general, and the term ‘ local government ’ includes both urban and rural communities of different scales (i.e. regional, provincial, metropolitan, cities, towns, municipalities, districts and villages).
As agreed upon during a high-profile Conference sponsored by the City of Incheon in Rep of Korea in August 2009, the objective of the campaign is to engage Mayors and city councils and their local government associations for them to: KNOW MORE: Raise the awareness of citizens and local governments on risk reduction options and urban risk INVEST WISELY: Raise political commitment among national and local governments for services and infrastructure projects and budgets to include disaster risk reduction aspects BUILD MORE SAFELY: Promote participatory urban development planning and protect critical infrastructure To achieve this, UNISDR has seized opportunities to mobilizing partners and coordinating awareness raising activities, political commitment and technical
Participating Cities All cities and local governments that are interested in participating in the campaign are encouraged to sign-up through firstname.lastname@example.org. By doing so, they will be requested to send the nomination form and to identify area of action in the campaign in relation to the “ ten essentials for city resilience ” . A letter from the Mayor ’ s office to UNISDR shall confirm the participation in the campaign, indicating which other organizations the city will engage during the campaign. UNISDR encourages the Mayor ’ s office to seek the approval of the City Council to be officially involved as a “ participating city ” in the campaign. The local government shall inform the central government about the participation and notify the official Hyogo Framework for Action focal point or the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (contact information can be requested from UNISDR secretariat.) NEW SYSTEM in about 2-3 months – online form (see later – HFA monitor) Role Models Cities or local governments that already demonstrated good practices and innovation in becoming more resilient to disasters can express their interest to become a “ role model ” city in the campaign. Cities or local governments that are interested to showcase results or initiated processes for change in at least five areas out of the ten essential actions in the resilient cities “ Ten-point checklist of Essentials for Making Cities Resilient ” (Annex 1) shall send, in addition to the nomination form, a clear motivation letter to UNISDR explaining why this city or local government could serve as “ role model ” in the campaign. At least one additional stakeholder (from the academia, civil society or the private sector) shall be involved as an active partner of the designated city / local government in the campaign.
The role of local actors for creating effective risk governance culture
www.unisdr.org/campaign www.unisdr.org/campaignMobilising the creation of a riskgovernance culture Campaign topic continues to 2015 Mobilising the creation of a risk governance culture: LOCAL ACTORS Helena Molin Valdes UNISDR IDRC-Davos, 27 August 2012
[From PLAN in the Philippines:]“Community is defined as a feeling thatmembers have of belonging, a feelingthat members matter to one anotherand to the group, and a shared faiththat member’s needs will be metthrough their commitment to betogether” McMILLAN AND CHAVIS (1986)
[Risk] governance- cultureGovernance:• Participation, enabling enviornment• Accountability (policies, rules, clarity, enforcement)• Transparency (access to information, data on risk and solutions)Culture• Behaviour• Expressions in different forms of a community
A few quotes from local leaders ciu “Disaster risk reduction is an investment, not a cost. It increases business returns, allow development to proceed amid disasters since they don’t disrupt people’s lives when the local government takes charge of the disaster” -Joey Salceda, Governor Albay Province, Philippines
Mr. Khalifa Sall, Mayor of Dakar: “Don’t only blame others, address theproblems, which may arise fromourselves. ..National authorities mustinvolve local govts in planning -mayorscalled upon first by their people whendisaster strikes.”. Vice Mayor Al Arquillano, San Francisco, Cebu. “Think big- start small. It is the communities that builds the nations.”
Hyogo Framework for Action priorities1. Make DRR a priority: Ensure that reducing disaster risk is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation2. Know the risks and take action: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risk- urban risk assessments - and ensure early warning3. Build understanding and awareness: Use knowledge, innovation and education to BUILD A CULTURE a culture of safety and resilience at all levels – PARTICIPATION4. Reduce risk: Reduce underlying risk factors5. Be prepared and ready to act: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels
Global Campaign – 2010-2015Making Cities Resilient:My City is Getting Ready! Objective Achieve resilient, sustainable urban communities through actions taken by local governments to reduce disaster risk Know More Invest Wisely Build More Safely
Engaging the Local Communities Using the Hyogo Framework Lens:Ten-Point Checklist - Essentials for Making Cities and Municipalities Resilient
Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient Governance elements1. Organisation and coordination: Build local alliances2. Assign a budget for disaster risk reduction, provide incentives3. Prepare risk assessments: Up‐to‐date data on risk4. Invest in and maintain critical infrastructure that reduces risk5. Assess the safety of all schools and health facilities6. Apply and enforce realistic, risk-compliant building regulations & land use planning principles… safe land for poor7. Education programmes and training on disaster risk reduction8. Protect ecosystems and natural buffers to mitigate floods, storm surges and other hazards to. Adapt to climate change9. Install early warning systems and emergency management capacities ..hold regular preparedness drills10. Recovery plans: focus on needs of the affected population
CAMPAIGN Wildfire idea:Self motivating – self measuring Leadership by Mayors and Governors: Champions, convince/mentor others (20) Role model cities- willing to share their knowledge with others (32) Participating cities: seeking to improve, commitment (1060) Partners and Advocates: support, advocate
VISION: MISSION:The people of San Francisco will live ResilientSF advances San Francisco’sand work in a city richproviding both a overall resilience by with individuals,organizations and communities that framework and road map forhave the capacity to programs and coordinating plans, respond tochallenges collectively, both short and resources that increase the capacitylong-term, and are connectedand of individuals, organizations byrelationships built on trust and communities to participate perpetuallyreciprocity. problem solving and in collective opportunity capture.
ResilientSF Resilience Wheel Environmental Economic Community InfrastructureSocial / Cultural / Organization (Housing /Lifelines / Spiritual Transportation) Individual Make resilience approachable… Education Public Safety Emergency Health Management
Use Popular culture: on streets, in schools, thru media.. From mouth to mouthSocial media,web… Radio-TVnovelasArts: drawings,paintings, theater,films, musicAwardsMuseums-remembrance frompast disasters“Build future-learning from past”
Use international, national, local DAYS/WEEKS of remembrance, celebrate success, create debate, conmemorate past disasters, drills...Reach out to different communities:CHILDREN & YOUTH, WOMEN, ELDERLY, DISABLED…..
2011: Voices From Cities- Value Campaign Visibility and recognition of cities efforts- benchmarked by other cities, globally. The multi-stakeholder dialogue in the self- assessment process encouraged discussions on new DRR projects (access to tools). Empowered community participation in solutions Open discussion of issues, national-local. Best Platform for sharing, learning, exchange ideas, recognize achievement- Global network
A Global Road map – scale up governance1. Policy, Post-2015 consultation: Hyogo Framework, (MDGs, Post-Kyoto…) multistakeholder framework, sust. Development goal (Rio+20)2. The Hyogo Framework progress monitoring (2011‐ 2013): Self Assessments, now Loc Govt Assessment Tool. Global Platform on DRR (2013, 2015)3. Global risk models- analysis: Global Assessment Report on DRR. Resilient Cities Report. Research4. Local drive-‐Making Cities Resilient campaign : making resilience a local priority with national and global resource allocation. Reach communities, bottom-up governance
Sign-up My City is Getting Ready!United Nations,International Strategy for Disaster Reductionisdremail@example.com/campaign