The ‘Land Ethic’, Biosphere Ethics, Climate Change, and the One Health Paradigm Bron Taylor The University of Florida & th...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Aldo Leopold  (1887-1948) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Land Ethic” Visionary; holistic,  interdis...
. . .  A scientist “may pluck the strings of his own instrument, but never that of another, and if he listens for music he...
No important change in human conduct is ever accomplished without an internal change in our intellectual emphases, our loy...
Leopold ’s Land Ethic <ul><ul><li>&quot;All ethics so far evolved rest upon a single premise: that the individual is a mem...
<ul><li>Precursors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baruch Spinoza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul></ul><ul...
ETHICS CAN AND SHOULD EVOLVE. In Leopold ’s words: “ I have presented the land ethic as a product of social evolution . . ...
Leopold ’s promoted humility and feelings of ‘kinship’ with non-human organisms.  In this, he was inspired by Charles Darw...
<ul><li>“ If the land mechanism as a whole is good, then every part is good, whether we understand it or not.  If the biot...
“ We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, w...
<ul><li>Rhetoric matters </li></ul><ul><li>2) Populations matter </li></ul><ul><li>3) Symbol, values, and emotions matter ...
For information, see  www.religionandnature.com
Dark Green Religion <ul><ul><li>Nature is Sacred  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All living things have intrinsic value ( “dee...
<ul><ul><li>Nature is Sacred  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All living things have intrinsic value ( “deep ecological” or “bi...
 
With Darwinian lenses: the good requires respect for all organisms, for they all came to be here through the same struggle...
. . .  And Leopold singled out Abrahamic religions: &quot;Conservation is getting nowhere because it is incompatible with ...
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The Land Ethic, Biosphere Ethics, Climate Change and the Envisioned One Health Paradigm

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GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Prof. Bron Taylor - Professor - Religion and Environmental Ethics - University of Florida / Carson Fellow - Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society

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The Land Ethic, Biosphere Ethics, Climate Change and the Envisioned One Health Paradigm

  1. 1. The ‘Land Ethic’, Biosphere Ethics, Climate Change, and the One Health Paradigm Bron Taylor The University of Florida & the Rachel Carson Center, Munich www.brontaylor.com
  2. 2. <ul><ul><ul><li>Aldo Leopold (1887-1948) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Land Ethic” Visionary; holistic, interdisciplinary thinker; taboo breaker; pragmatist, and subversive. </li></ul></ul></ul>A Sand County Almanac (1949)
  3. 3. . . . A scientist “may pluck the strings of his own instrument, but never that of another, and if he listens for music he must never admit it to his fellows or to his students. For all are restrained by an ironbound taboo which decrees that the construction of instruments is the domain of science, while the detection of harmony is the domain of poets.” ~ Aldo Leopold
  4. 4. No important change in human conduct is ever accomplished without an internal change in our intellectual emphases, our loyalties, our affections, and our convictions. The proof that conservation has not yet touched these foundations of conduct lies in the fact that philosophy, ethics, and religion have not yet heard of it. ~ Aldo Leopold
  5. 5. Leopold ’s Land Ethic <ul><ul><li>&quot;All ethics so far evolved rest upon a single premise: that the individual is a member of a community of interdependent parts. ” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Precursors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baruch Spinoza </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Muir </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Land ethic “enlarges the boundaries of the community to include soils, waters, plants, and animals, or collectively: the land” </li></ul><ul><li>Note: ‘the land’ = all organisms and the living systems they participate in and belong to. </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, with a land ethic: </li></ul><ul><li>A land-use decision “is right when it tends to preserve the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.” </li></ul>~ Aldo Leopold
  7. 7. ETHICS CAN AND SHOULD EVOLVE. In Leopold ’s words: “ I have presented the land ethic as a product of social evolution . . . The evolution of a land ethic is an intellectual as well as emotional process. ” As ethics evolve they naturally change our aesthetics and our emotional connections
  8. 8. Leopold ’s promoted humility and feelings of ‘kinship’ with non-human organisms. In this, he was inspired by Charles Darwin. &quot;It is a century now since Darwin gave us the first glimpse of the origin of species. We know now what was unknown to all the preceding caravan of generations: that men are only fellow-voyagers with other creatures in the odyssey of evolution. This new knowledge should have given us . . . a sense of kinship with fellow-creatures; a wish to live and let live; a sense of wonder over the magnitude and duration of the biotic enterprise. ”
  9. 9. <ul><li>“ If the land mechanism as a whole is good, then every part is good, whether we understand it or not. If the biota, in the course of aeons, has built something we like but do not understand, then who but a fool would discard seemingly useless parts? </li></ul><ul><li>To keep every cog in the wheel is the first precaution of intelligent tinkering. ” </li></ul>~ Aldo Leopold
  10. 10. “ We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.” ~ Aldo Leopold In contrast, The Land Ethic, &quot;changes the role of Homo Sapiens from conqueror of the land-community to plain member and citizen of it. It implies respect for his fellow-members, and also respect for the [land-] community as such.”
  11. 11. <ul><li>Rhetoric matters </li></ul><ul><li>2) Populations matter </li></ul><ul><li>3) Symbol, values, and emotions matter </li></ul>
  12. 12. For information, see www.religionandnature.com
  13. 13. Dark Green Religion <ul><ul><li>Nature is Sacred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All living things have intrinsic value ( “deep ecological” or “biocentric” ethics) and deserve respect and reverence. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Nature is Sacred </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All living things have intrinsic value ( “deep ecological” or “biocentric” ethics) and deserve respect and reverence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All life forms life share a common ancestor and thus are kin, with corresponding moral responsibilities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecology-based metaphysics of interconnection and mutual dependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of belonging & connection to nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humility . . . we ’re not ‘all that’ . . . we’re just part of the whole. </li></ul></ul>For more information: www.brontaylor.com
  15. 16. With Darwinian lenses: the good requires respect for all organisms, for they all came to be here through the same struggle for existence. Our ability to do so is rooted in empathy, itself a virtue bred in us through evolution (which is itself a good) <ul><li>With ecological lenses: in general, the flourishing of human and other organisms is mutually dependent. </li></ul>
  16. 17. . . . And Leopold singled out Abrahamic religions: &quot;Conservation is getting nowhere because it is incompatible with our Abrahamic concept of land. ”

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