EU project TERRA 
European Network based 
prevention and learning program
Introduction 
• European Commission DG Home Affairs 
• Preventing radicalisation and recruitment leading 
to terrorism 
• ...
Partner 
• Association of Victims of March 11th Madrid Spain 
• Network of Associations of Victims of Terrorism 
3
Aim of the project 
•Enhancing knowledge, awareness and critical 
thinking, especially among youth, on the nature of 
radi...
Deliverables 
•Network of networks: 
– Victims, former radicals, teachers, youth workers, 
religious leaders, police offic...
Moghaddam’s Staircase to terrorism 
6
Psychological aspects 
• General perception of the material conditions of a 
population, especially fairness and just trea...
Signals of radicalisation 
• Ground floor: open to ideology, searching for 
positive identity 
• First floor: loosing fait...
Signals of radicalisation 
• Fourth floor: members become less noticeable 
increasing participation in a shadow world, 
pr...
Conclusions 
• Vast majority of those who radicalise are young 
and male 15-25 years 
• Teachers of certain subjects are e...
Conclusions 
• Religious leaders: Uniquely placed to observe 
atmosphere in the place of worship and provide 
positive rel...
Conclusions 
• These recommendations are mainly focused on 
the first 3 steps of Moghaddam’s staircase 
• When moved on to...
Conclusions 
•Key factors in dis-engagement:not demanding 
political concessions, offering social reintegration 
measures,...
TERRAToolkit
The goal of the TERRAToolkit 
Needs Assessment amongst front line workers 
identified: 
• Desire for information on how to...
16
Magda Rooze MA/MBA 
m.rooze@impact.arq.org 
www.terra-net.eu 
17
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ROOZE-TERRA Terrorism and Radicalisation a European network based prevention and learning program-ID1577-IDRC2_b

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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ROOZE-TERRA Terrorism and Radicalisation a European network based prevention and learning program-ID1577-IDRC2_b

  1. 1. EU project TERRA European Network based prevention and learning program
  2. 2. Introduction • European Commission DG Home Affairs • Preventing radicalisation and recruitment leading to terrorism • The role of victims of terrorism and former radicals in de-radicalisation 2
  3. 3. Partner • Association of Victims of March 11th Madrid Spain • Network of Associations of Victims of Terrorism 3
  4. 4. Aim of the project •Enhancing knowledge, awareness and critical thinking, especially among youth, on the nature of radicalisation leading to terrorism •Development of de-radicalisation programs •Creating specific networks to support the work •Empower victims of terrorism and former radicals to develop positive counter narratives 4
  5. 5. Deliverables •Network of networks: – Victims, former radicals, teachers, youth workers, religious leaders, police officers and rehabilitation workers, journalists, governments and scholars •Literature review on ‘staircase to terrorism’ •Overview of best practices in de-radicalisation programs •Toolkit for relevant stakeholders •Filmmaterial with testimonials of victims and formers and the other stakeholders with a counternarrative 5
  6. 6. Moghaddam’s Staircase to terrorism 6
  7. 7. Psychological aspects • General perception of the material conditions of a population, especially fairness and just treatment “perceived deprivation” • The feeling to be unable to influence this situations through legitimate means • Although legitimate means may be available sub-culture norms may perceive society als closed 7
  8. 8. Signals of radicalisation • Ground floor: open to ideology, searching for positive identity • First floor: loosing faith • Second floor: exploration of radical ideology • Third floor: isolating himself, dress and behave prototypically, rebelling against other groups, adopt another name 8
  9. 9. Signals of radicalisation • Fourth floor: members become less noticeable increasing participation in a shadow world, prepare an attack, express hate against ‘unbelievers’ • Fifth floor: make a (video) testament, withdraw money from the bank, expression of moral exclusion of other groups 9
  10. 10. Conclusions • Vast majority of those who radicalise are young and male 15-25 years • Teachers of certain subjects are especially relevant – history, religion, issues of citizenship, mother tongue and foreign language • Teaching should focus on competing narratives in history, awareness of comparative religions and cooperation between minority and majority groups, and of minority contributions to society 10
  11. 11. Conclusions • Religious leaders: Uniquely placed to observe atmosphere in the place of worship and provide positive religious influence for young people seeking religious identity • Journalists: Avoiding rhetoric of “us” and “them”, promoting positive identity for ethnic and religious minorities, report fairly on discrimination, avoid feeding the thrill seekers. • Policy makers: support key figures in their work offer personal not political concessions to radicals, allowing them to disengage 11
  12. 12. Conclusions • These recommendations are mainly focused on the first 3 steps of Moghaddam’s staircase • When moved on to the 4th floor the risk of loosing their live and committing a terrorist attack is very high 12
  13. 13. Conclusions •Key factors in dis-engagement:not demanding political concessions, offering social reintegration measures, the possibility to start a new life (Alonso 2011) •Dis-engagement is a gradual personal proces, dis-illusionment with the terrorist group, violence cannot achieve the political aims ( Gunaratna, 2009, Kassimeris,2011) •Dis-engagement is not necessarily de-radicalisation (Reinares, 2011) 13
  14. 14. TERRAToolkit
  15. 15. The goal of the TERRAToolkit Needs Assessment amongst front line workers identified: • Desire for information on how to recognise when someone may be radicalising • Need for more connection with other professionals in the field. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Magda Rooze MA/MBA m.rooze@impact.arq.org www.terra-net.eu 17

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