Application of One Health in the EU


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GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Francisco.REVIRIEGO, Policy Officer - Legislative veterinary officer - Head of Sector, Animal health, EU

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Application of One Health in the EU

  1. 1. Application of “One Health” in the EU Francisco Reviriego Alberto Laddomada DG Health and Consumers European Commission
  2. 2. <ul><li>Increased risks related to a changing environment and globalization - An integrated approach from farm to table, covering all sectors of the food chain: - pesticides and plant health, - feed production, - animal health and veterinary drugs, - processing, storage, transport and sail of food; - imports and exports - Final goal: High level of human health protection </li></ul>Food safety
  3. 3. <ul><li>- Salmonella, Campylobacter, BSE </li></ul><ul><li>- Brucellosis, Tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>- Influenza viruses, Rabies, West Nile Fever </li></ul><ul><li>The advantages of the « one health » approach more and more evident in particular for the non-foodborne zoonoses </li></ul>Foodborne and non-foodborne zoonoses in domestic and wild animals
  4. 4. <ul><li>- Inappropriate use in human and veterinary medicine </li></ul><ul><li>- Use for non-therapeutic purposes </li></ul><ul><li>- Pollution of the environment by antimicrobials </li></ul><ul><li>- 25 000 extra human deaths /year </li></ul><ul><li>- Healthcare losses and productivity losses estimated at € 1.5 billion </li></ul><ul><li>- Global public health concern </li></ul><ul><li>Need for a holistic approach = One Health </li></ul><ul><li>(Commission Communication of 15/11/2011) </li></ul>Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR)
  5. 5. <ul><li>Action plan: </li></ul><ul><li>The Joint Report of the three relevant EU agencies: EFSA, ECDC, EMA showed the need for more action regarding AMR. </li></ul><ul><li>The European Commission decided to adopt an action plan to combat AMR based on Staff working paper 2009 and public consultation, Council conclusions on AMR and EP resolutions on AMR </li></ul>Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR)
  6. 6. <ul><li>Actions in the action plan: </li></ul><ul><li>- promote appropriate use of antimicrobials in animals and humans </li></ul><ul><li>- strengthen the regulatory framework on vet medicines and medicated feed </li></ul><ul><li>- strengthen prevention in health care settings and farms </li></ul><ul><li>- develop new effective antimicrobials or alternatives to treatments </li></ul><ul><li>- join forces at international level </li></ul><ul><li>- reinforcing research </li></ul>Anti Microbial Resistence (AMR)
  7. 7. <ul><li>- Orthobunyavirus newly detected in ruminants in the EU as from November 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>- Unknown origin, but similar to other viruses of ruminants found in Africa, Asia, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>- Limited impact on animal health, but it raised concerns from a public health perspective </li></ul><ul><li>- Close cooperation between scientists and risk assessors (ECDC, EFSA) to determine possible impact on human health </li></ul><ul><li>- No evidence that is able to cause disease in humans, but situation still kept under review </li></ul>The Schmallenberg virus
  8. 8. <ul><li>- it is a common effort on, in particular on: </li></ul><ul><li>- data sharing </li></ul><ul><li>- coordinated communication </li></ul><ul><li>- that leads to success minimizing economic impacts </li></ul><ul><li>-as demonstrated by the best practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- in 2009 the statements made OIE, WHO, FAO, WTO, ECDC, EFSA on H1N1 adequately addressed the issue of food safety = no drop on pigmeat consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- years before, the H5N1 caused as drop in poulty meat consumtion… </li></ul></ul>One Health: more than a concept
  9. 9. Thank you