Mozambican Experiences with Disaster Risk Reduction & Climate Change Adaptation
MINISTÉRIO DA ADMINISTRACAO ESTATAL INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE GESTAO DE CALAMIDADES (INGC) Mozambican Experiences withDisaster Risk Reduction & Climate Change Adaptation By: Joao Ribeiro, INGC General Director Davos, 30th Augoust, 2012
A Country vulnerable to Natural Disasters and Climate Changes África do Norte Mozambique África Ocidenta l ÁfricIn Africa, Mozambique is aconsidered as the 3rd most Orievulnerable country to natural ntaldisasters and one of the mostvulnerable to climate change due toits long and low costal zones.
Historical Trends of Natural Disasters in Mozambique (1956-2008) Seca Cheias Ciclones Tropicais Epidemias 12Número de Eventos 10 8 6 4 2 0 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Década
País muito vulnerável a adesastres naturais e Ciclones que Atingiram Costa de Mocambique mudanças climáticas INTENSOS ONZE E MAIS 200 1994 to 2007 ELINE 180 FAVIO 160 JAPHETVelocidade do Vento (Km/h) 140 QUATRO Mozambique HUDAH NADIA 120 1980 to 1993 BONITA 100 80 Em África, Moçambique 60 encontra-se no terceiro lugar dos países mais afectados por 40 desatres naturais e, um dos 20países mais vulneráveis às mudanças climáticas devido à 0 sua longa e baixa costa.
Changes in the Temperature in Mozambique 2030 2060 2090The high temperatures will take place in the interior of southernpart of the country and Zambeze Vale region.The impacts on agriculture, health and water availability will behuge.
Disasters’ Impact on the Economic Growth Crescimento Projectadocrescimento Crescimento Real Anos 50 ‘60 ‘70 ‘80 ‘90
The Institutions and Coordination Structure for DRR and CCA in Mozambique
The Mozambicans’ Approach to DRR and CCAFaze I:Diagnostic study on climate change and the risk disasters inMozambique; 18 scientists where involved (50% Mozambicans, focus onabout 10 subjects and 12 institutions involved); From May 2008 to May2009. Cost US $450,000.Faze II:Identification of solutions to reduce potential impact of climate change.The study started on September 2009 to March 2012, involving 43scientists, focus on 20 subjects, with the cost on US 44,36 millions.Faze III:Will concentrate on implementation of proposed solution and ensuringthe appropriation of Faze II used methodologies and results. Timeframe:July 2012 to December 2015. Budget: US $70 millions.
The National DRR & CCA Strategy1. CCA ComponentIn elaboration by MICOA2. DRR ComponentElaborated by INGC and the official launching will be in October2012.Early Warning Food SecurityCoastal Protection Water: To do more with lessPreparing the Cities Preparing peoplesPrivate Sector Oceanic Extremes
Water: to do more with less (Drought) In 2006 the Mozambique Government approved a Master Plan for Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Disasters, which includes the strategy of developing the arid and semi-arid zones (about 1.200.000 people).
Drought ImpactLack of Food for Livestock in Arid and Semi-arid Areas
Drought Prevention/Adaptation ActionsCenter for Resources and multiple Use (CERUM): partnership btw GoM and local communities to find local solutions in arid and semi-arid areas - Drinking Water - Infrastructure: water harvesting - Promotion of adapted technologies (for income generation) - Education: awareness - Health: Nutrition
Water: Installation of water harvesting in public buildings
Water: Water Harvesting in rural areasPlastic tanks Other kind of tank (from local material)
Demonstration of rain water retentionSemi circular water retention for Mapfilwa (Vangueria infausta) = local wild fruit trees local tree
Promotion of Income Generation ActivitiesLocal cummunities trained in income generation activities
Education: awareness and integration in the local curriculum
Future ChallengesImprove inter-sectorial coordination and coordination withpartners;Increase involvement of academic sector in search forappropriate solutions;Up-scaling/divulgation of best practices.