Mark SCHAUER "Economics of Land Degradation-ELD"

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Mark SCHAUER "Economics of Land Degradation-ELD"

  1. 1. Economics of Land DegradationA global initiative for sustainable land management
  2. 2. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management ELD – Mission Statement Through an open inter-disciplinary partnership: • We develop a holistic framework for the consideration of the economic values of land in political decision making processes; • We estimate the economic benefit resulting from prevented degradation of land and related ecosystem services; • We compile and build a compelling economics case for benefits derived from sustainable management practices of land and soil on a global and local scale, as formulated in Aichi target 7 as well; • We sharpen awareness of the value of land and related ecosystem services; • We will propose effective solutions, policies and activities to reduce land degradation, mitigate climate change and deliver food, energy and water security worldwide, to fight poverty.2 4/14/2013
  3. 3. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management An inclusive partnership  ELD works with scientists in different disciplines, economists and experts from the world of business  The ELD initiative engages in cooperation with universities and research institutions, NGOs, international businesses, finance institutions, farmers and agricultural associations, in addition to engaging partners from the political decision-makig processes.3 4/14/2013
  4. 4. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Our Challenge  Address the gaps on awareness and knowledge about the economic impacts of land degradation and the value of productive land as a limited resource.  The need to argue the case for making the economics of land degradation an integral part of policy strategies and decision-making.4 4/14/2013
  5. 5. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Examples • Niger loses every year about 8 % of ist GDP because of over-grazing and due to the salination resulting from the rice cultivation. Costs for preventing the salination on the cultivation areas in Niger would only be 10% of the costs per hectar which result from the losses respectively inaction. Furthermore: The costs which contribute to the prevention of overgrazing are only 20% of the costs which result from the recent practices of overgrazing. • In an example from Peru, the cost of desalinization methods was US$69 per hectare, which is only 17 percent of the cost of not taking any action.5 4/14/2013
  6. 6. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Examples II • 2 percent of crop area in India is affected by salinity and reduces crop rice yields by as much as 22 percent. Based on crop simulation models, the cost of desalinization mechanisms such as staggered leaching (using more water to avoid excess salt buildup) was estimated at only 60 percent of the costs of inaction. This suggests that profit incentive is not the reason for inaction.6 4/14/2013
  7. 7. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management How can ELD help achieve ZNLD • Economics potentially facilitates communication with public and private decision- makers: it uses money as a common measuring rod for allocating public resources • Economics is part of the solution: it provides a view that complements other disciplines’ (sciences, sociology…) • Economic cost-benefit analysis is a tool for informed decision-making: chose the option with the greatest benefit to society as a whole7 4/14/2013
  8. 8. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management First steps • Work on the basis of the decisions of Rio+20 and UNCCD COP10, following the Changwon Initiative, and linking up closely with the Aichi targets from CBD COP10 • Governance structure established; • ELD has been succesful in the extension of the ELD network and the list of political and scientific partners; • Establishing scientific working groups: • - Data analysis and methodology • - Pathways for policy outreach • - Economic valuation of options • Initiating cross-relevant case studies and the work on a ELD „tool box“; • Creating awareness for the „economic catastrophe“.8 4/14/2013
  9. 9. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Target groups  ELD initiative serves decision makers from both policy on all levels and the private sector Three targeted reports to i) Scientific community, ii) Policy makers on international, national and regional level iii) Private sector The reports will be published by the end of 2014/beginning of 2015.9 4/14/2013
  10. 10. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Additional Outputs  Global Study on the Economics of Land Degradation  Well-informed risk assessment strategies  A long-term, proactive view of environmental change processes  Policy advice and communication strategy.10 4/14/2013
  11. 11. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Supporting links to ZNLD • Problem: not enough action so far despite well-known technical solutions, lack of adoption of SLM practices and lack of investment • Three types of problems faced by land managers where economic valuation could help: – Decide which option benefits the most to society as a whole (eg Development vs Conservation) – set “fairer” compensation levels and reduce social unrest (redistribution from winners to losers) – assess further opportunities for development and set up new markets11 4/14/2013
  12. 12. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Scientific Process • Scientific partners of the ELD process have engaged in research work, building on existing work by partner institutions and on a preliminary study by ZEF and IFPRI. • Activities are defined by political and scientific partners on the basis of a gap analysis undertaken by the scientific ELD partners. • The work on ELD is based on multiple sources. Support is provided - as part of in-kind contributions - from funding partners directly to research institutions or - with facilitation of the process by the ELD-Secretriat and the Scientific Coordination to establish case studies and the work on an „ELD Tool Box“ in the ELD partner network.12 4/14/2013
  13. 13. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Digging up the necessary information. Your input is key.13 4/14/2013
  14. 14. Economics of Land Degradation A global initiative for sustainable land management Thank you! More info available at: ELD Secretariat Mark.Schauer@giz.de www.eld-initiative.org T + 49 228 24934-40014 4/14/2013

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