Socio-economic drivers of agricultural land       abandonment in the smallholder sector in           Peddie, Eastern Cape,...
Introduction• Anthropocene (Rockstrom, 2010: www.TED.com): quadruple squeeze• Drivers of land abandonment• Objectives of s...
Study Area•    Rainfall•    Soils•    Vegetation•    Socio-economic     variables10 April 2013         UNCCD Scientific Co...
Methods1.     Interviews2.     Sampling procedure3.     Data analyses10 April 2013               UNCCD Scientific Conferen...
Results                             80 Percentage of respondents                             70                           ...
Results                               90   Percentage of respondents                               80                     ...
Results                                     70         Percentage of respondents                                     60   ...
Results                            70Percentage of respondents                            60                            50...
Percentage of respondents                                            Results                                80            ...
Results                              100  Percentage of respondents                              90                       ...
Conclusions• Both biophysical and socio-economic factors were important drivers• NTFPs important resources from abandoned ...
Policy recommendations•    Large majority of smallholder farmers dependent on social grants•    High unemployment rate yet...
Acknowledgements•    Rhodes University Joint Research Council Grant for sponsoring the research•    UNCCD for sponsoring J...
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James GAMBIZA, Belinda Jane MILLAR "Socio-economic drivers of abandonment of cultivated land in the smallholder farming sector in Peddie, Eastern Cape, South Africa"

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UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference

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James GAMBIZA, Belinda Jane MILLAR "Socio-economic drivers of abandonment of cultivated land in the smallholder farming sector in Peddie, Eastern Cape, South Africa"

  1. 1. Socio-economic drivers of agricultural land abandonment in the smallholder sector in Peddie, Eastern Cape, South Africa Millar, B. and Gambiza, J. Rhodes University10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 1
  2. 2. Introduction• Anthropocene (Rockstrom, 2010: www.TED.com): quadruple squeeze• Drivers of land abandonment• Objectives of study: 1. challenges smallholder crop farmers faced 2. socio-economic drivers of land abandonment 3. Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) obtained from abandoned fields10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 2
  3. 3. Study Area• Rainfall• Soils• Vegetation• Socio-economic variables10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 3
  4. 4. Methods1. Interviews2. Sampling procedure3. Data analyses10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 4
  5. 5. Results 80 Percentage of respondents 70 60 50 40 30 Cultivators 20 Non-cultivators 10 0 Sources of income Fig. 1. Sources of income for respondents (n= 300)10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 5
  6. 6. Results 90 Percentage of respondents 80 70 60 50 40 30 Cultivators 20 Non-cultivators 10 0 Employment statusFig. 2. Employment status of cultivators and non-cultivators (n= 300) 10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 6
  7. 7. Results 70 Percentage of respondents 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Challenges Fig. 3. Challenges faced by cultivators (n= 150)10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 7
  8. 8. Results 70Percentage of respondents 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Reasons for no longer cultivatingFig. 4. Factors influencing non-cultivators to abandon cultivation (n= 150)10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 8
  9. 9. Percentage of respondents Results 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Reasons for no longer cultivatingFig. 5. Cultivators’ perceptions on why non-cultivators abandonedcultivation (n= 150)10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 9
  10. 10. Results 100 Percentage of respondents 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 Cultivators 20 Non-Cultivators 10 0 Resources obtained from abandoned fields Fig. 6. Resources obtained from abandoned agricultural fields (n= 300)10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 10
  11. 11. Conclusions• Both biophysical and socio-economic factors were important drivers• NTFPs important resources from abandoned lands10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 11
  12. 12. Policy recommendations• Large majority of smallholder farmers dependent on social grants• High unemployment rate yet farmers abandoning farming• Land abandonment likely to threaten food security• Government needs to address challenge of lack of agricultural inputs• Need to promote SLM practices to improve soil fertility10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 12
  13. 13. Acknowledgements• Rhodes University Joint Research Council Grant for sponsoring the research• UNCCD for sponsoring JG to attend the Conference• Smallholder farmers for sharing their views with us10 April 2013 UNCCD Scientific Conference, Bonn, Germany 13

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