Joao Ribiero - Appropriateness of Resiliency as a National Strategy


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Panel III: "Appropriateness of Resiliency as a National Strategy"
Joao Ribeiro, General Director of the National Disasters Management Institute (INGC), Maputo, Mozambique

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Joao Ribiero - Appropriateness of Resiliency as a National Strategy

  1. 1. Republica de Moçambique Ministério de Administração Estatal Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades Appropriateness of Resiliency as a National Strategy Eng. João Ribeiro, INGC General DirectorEng. João Ribeiro, INGC General Director Davos, 29Davos, 29thth August 2013August 2013
  2. 2. North Africa West Africa East Africa Mozambique is located in one of the 3 African regions more expose to disasters risks
  3. 3. Geographic ProfileGeographic Profile • Inter tropical Convergence Zone • Arid and Semi-Arid Zones • Rift Valle • 22 Millions Inhabitants – 80% Are depending of subsistence agriculture; – 34% Chronic food insecurity; • The country is highly prone to natural disasters.
  4. 4. CyclonesCyclones Main DisastersMain Disasters FloodsFloods DroughtsDroughts EarthquakeEarthquake 60% of60% of populationpopulation 40% of40% of populationpopulation 1.200.0001.200.000 peoplepeople
  5. 5. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Decade NumberofEvents Drought Flood Tropical Cyclone Epidemic Historical tendency of natural disasters in Mozambique (1956 -2008)
  6. 6. INGC MandateINGC Mandate • Coordination authority of emergency actions; • Coordination authority for development of arid and semiarid zones; • Coordination authority of prevention and mitigation of natural disasters; • Coordination authority of reconstruction actions after emergences.
  7. 7. National Strategy of CommunityNational Strategy of Community Resilience on InfrastructuresResilience on Infrastructures The Mozambique national strategy of community resilience on infrastructures is based on the country experiences of 2000 floods and, has tree (3) approaches : 1. A approach of Resettlement to reduce risk of vulnerable communities from floods and the so called human wildlife conflict; 2. A approach of community resilience of arid and semiarid zones; 3. The approach o on introduction of risk reduction of infrastructures in the Government Department Plans.
  8. 8. The impact of floods in the Country • During the 200/1, 2006/7 and 2012/13 rain seasons, the floods affected about 500,000 pelople.
  9. 9. Resettlement of vulnerable communities on floods • To create the resilience on the affected people, the Government decided to implement a resettlement program which is to transfer the families that were living in the floods prone zones in to new secure areas.
  10. 10. 10 where the beneficiaries are involved in the process (as promotion of self-esteem) through producing material construction (breaks) and assist the constructers. The Government supply to the affected people with conventional construction material as well as pay the transportation of material and the builders. 25.000 families were Resettlement to reduce risk of vulnerable communities from floods This approach is based on the house construction that is being assisted by the Government and
  11. 11. Partitial view of communities resettlement from so called human and wildlife conflict
  12. 12. Partial view of the floods communities resettlement
  13. 13. 13 Development of Arid and Semi-arid Zones • The strategy is to explore the potential floret which is non woods to produce liquors, jam, oils, artesian, etc., as income generating activities; • Technique of low cost in conservative agriculture; • Construction of small dams and tanks; • Building of water supplies in the rural areas.
  14. 14. The main ChallengesThe main Challenges • Resettlement of 39.000 families affected by floods and were living in the risk areas; •Implementation of the “Safe School Program” which is to adopt the norms of resistant construction to cyclone, floods in all public buildings; •Implementation on the Program on the Climate Change Adaptation Program, especially focusing on the Structural Reforms side.
  15. 15. The main resultsThe main results • Reducing of the number of dead and vulnerability (in 2000 it were 4.5 millions people affected and in 2008 in were 102 affected people; in 2010 there were 7.000 people affected). • Creation of 99 new villages in secure areas along the Zambezi and Save basins as result of resettlement program; • Produced scientific studies and very detailed on the impact of Climate Changes on the disasters risk in Mozambique; • The establishment of the Early Warning System for Floods which is based on the community level; • Reducing of the number of the victims from the so called human and wildlife conflict.
  16. 16. 16 Disable people involved in the resilience
  17. 17. Muito Obrigado!