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Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone QUATRINI


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6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 Integrative Risk Management - Towards Resilient Cities. 28 August - 01 September 2016 in Davos, Switzerland

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Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone QUATRINI

  1. 1. Involving the mining sector in achieving Land Degradation Neutrality Simone Quatrini, Ralf Barkemeyer, Lindsay Stringer
  2. 2. land degradation
  3. 3. ALWAYS VERY SEVERE CONSEQUENCES VERY DIFFERENT CAUSES … DEPENDING ON VERY LOCAL CONTEXTS More than 25% of the world’s land area undergoing degradation in the last two decades
  4. 4. Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)
  5. 5. “a state whereby the amount and quality of land resources necessary to support ecosystem functions and services remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales” (UNCCD Intergovernmental Working Group on the follow up to Rio +20)
  6. 6. decoupling growth / depletion
  7. 7. is LDN achievable? 12 million hectares / year
  8. 8. LDN TARGET SETTINGS Reach LDN by 2030 THE NEW YORK DECLARATION OF FORESTS Restore 350 Mha by 2030 4P1000 Increase of soil carbon by 0.4%/ year Restore 20 Mha by 2020 THE BONN CHALLENGE 20x20 AFR100
  9. 9. how? no ‘license to degrade’
  10. 10. WP1: Analysis of CSR Policies WP1: Analysis of CSR Policies WP2: Analysis of Investment Flows WP2: Analysis of Investment Flows WP2: Analysis of Policy Environment WP2: Analysis of Policy Environment GM:WorkingDefinitionofSLMGM:WorkingDefinitionofSLM Advocacy, Interaction with Companies, Investment Packages Advocacy, Interaction with Companies, Investment Packages SynthesisReportSynthesisReport D3 D4 D5 D7 D6 D8 D1 D2 PHASE 1 PHASE 2
  11. 11. 15 • Companies: Screening of 40 largest mining companies and another 10 large mining companies that were known to publish sustainability reports • Screening based on corporate websites and financial reports • Identification of countries these companies operate in • Countries included in initial screening based on initial responses: • Africa (5): Botswana, DR Congo, Eritrea, Mozambique, Zambia • Asia (6): Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam • Latin America (1): Peru • Limitations: • Size/ significance of country-level operations not taken into account at this stage • Not systematically checked availability of mine-level EIAs • Bias towards large companies in sustainability reporting • Quality of sustainability reports SCREENING OF MINING COMPANIES
  12. 12. Findings (objective 1) • Sustainability reporting has improved overall • But: – Poor quantitative data – Fragmented information on SLM – Highly aggregated information (not operation-specific) – Lack of transparency and comparability RECOMMENDATIONS:
  13. 13. • Survey mining MNCs + other stakeholders • Questions focussing on project finance • Follow-up interviews • Targeted discussions with practitioners (e.g. mining analysts at investment banks)
  14. 14. Findings (objective 2) • Inconclusive evidence that market values sustainable mining operations • Scarce project finance data (disclosure) • Difficult to isolate SLM from other risk factors RECOMMENDATIONS:
  15. 15. Findings (objective 3) • Lack of knowledge about SLM/LDN and related guidance • Lack of enforcement of laws and regulations • Lack of incentives RECOMMENDATIONS: 1. Certifications 2. LDN Fund
  16. 16. DFIs DONORS Senior Shares Junior Shares Impact Investors NotesPrivate Investors
  17. 17. promoting triple bottom line ENVIRONMENTAL , SOCIAL and ECONOMIC BENEFITS
  18. 18. contributing to several SDGs