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IDRC14-ppp-Stanciugelu-PEP-session-2708

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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IDRC14-ppp-Stanciugelu-PEP-session-2708

  1. 1. Terrorism risk perception and crisis communication planning on the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org food chain Romania & Turkey case study Irina Stănciugelu, Associate Professor Dan Stănescu, Associate Professor Valeriu Frunzaru, Associate Profesor National University of Political Studies and Public Administration ROMANIA Hami Alpas, Professor Faruk Bozoglu, Professor Middle East Technical University, TURKEY
  2. 2. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Aims of the study • to evaluate terrorism risk perception through a series of hypothesis drown from a social cognitive model of individual response to terrorism – Tool : survey on terrorism risk perception addressing companies’ managers or directors of regulatory agencies on the food chain from Romania and Turkey • Practical result: risk/crisis communication draft plans to be used by Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development (Romania) and Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Affairs (Turkey)
  3. 3. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Institutional Context • The survey was made during the bilateral research project Risk/Crisis Communication during Bioterrorism Threat. The Management of Messages and Social Behavior (NUPSPA Romania and METU Turkey) http://parcc-bioterrorism.comunicare.ro/ • A new research project Security Risk on Food Supply Chain – Risk Perception & Communication is implementing right now a qualitative research based on in-depth interviews • Both projects are supported by the Company TOTEM COMMUNICATION http://www.totemresearch.ro/main.html • The research projects are financed by Romania National Authority of Scientific Research (ANCS) and The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)
  4. 4. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Methodology of survey • Target group: company managers and decision makers from organizations operating in the food industry in Romania • Sample: 319 cases (217 Romania, 102 Turkey) • Instruments: individual questionnaire (55 questions) • Method: self completed questionnaire, distributed online through e-mail • Sampling: simple random sampling
  5. 5. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Theoretical Context • Paton et al.(2005) social-cognitive model of disaster preparedness • Slovic & Weber (2002) individual response to an extreme event – related with analytic system & experiential system of risk perception • Lee and Lemyre (2009) social-cognitive model of individual response to terrorism
  6. 6. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Variables of social cognitive model • Cognitive factors – Perceived probability – Perceived seriousness – Perceived personal impact (perceived organizational impact) – Perceived coping efficacy • Social contextual factors – Perceived governmental preparedness – Perceived front-line preparedness • Affective response – Worry • Behavioral responses – Individual preparedness (organization preparedness) – Information seeking
  7. 7. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Hypothesis & results 1. Perceptions of terrorism as more threatening (cognitive factors) would be associated with greater worry about terrorism (affective response); First hypothesis is confirmed (r=.279, p<.01): the cognitive factors trigger significant affective response 2. The perception of oneself as better able to control or cope with terrorism (cognitive factor) would be associated with lesser worry about terrorism (affective response); Second hypothesis is infirmed (r=.128, p>.05): the perception of better copping do not trigger significant affective response
  8. 8. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Hypothesis & results 3. More favorable perceptions of institutional preparedness for terrorism (social contextual factors) would be associated with lesser worry about terrorism (affective response). As more as level of preparedness of public authorities (r=.167, p<0.5) regional (r=.342, p<.01), local (r=.355, p<.01) or hospitals (r=.247, p<.01), first responders (emergency services) (r=.321, p<.01), NGOs (r=.194, p<.01) or other organizations at local level (r=.186, p<.01) is perceived as arised, as more the worry is bigger. The hypothesis is infirmed. 4. Greater worry about terrorism (affective response) would be associated with increased engagement in behavioral responses to terrorism. No significant corelations; the hypothesis is infirmed.
  9. 9. Risk Prevention, Risk Management and Crisis 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Management • Do you have a crisis management procedure? Turkish companies -62%, Romanian - 34% ; • How quick do you think that you can respond to this sort of attacks? (intentional attack) The Turkish companies - 68% (immediately and within a few hours), Romanian - 42%. • Do you have a crisis recall system for the products? and if you have a crisis recall system for the products, have you ever tested it? show that 86% from Turkish companies have a recall system for their products and this one is tested in proportion of 68%, comparing with Romanian companies that just 54% have a recall system and this is tested in proportion of 43%.
  10. 10. Information management &communication • Companies seem to share information with suppliers and consumers about sources of product (Romania 78%, Turkey 63% - agree and total agree) and product’s security (Romania 81%, Turkey 70%). • With regard to communication management, companies do not seem to have established awareness programs for employees and chain members regarding intentional risks; (Romania 31%, Turkey 31%). • Regarding management technology results indicate that just half of the companies have implemented an information system that enable them to quickly and consistently share information with their employees and chain partners (Romania 59%, Turkey 41%). • With regard to companies’ relationship management, companies adopted penalty systems for non-compliance for employers and suppliers (Romania 51%, Turkey 37%). However, almost all companies do not have incentive systems (only 20% Romania, Turkey 22%). 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org
  11. 11. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Selective bibliography of the topic • Bouder, Slavin & Lofstedt (ed) (2009), The tolerability of Risk, Earthscan, London; Brunet, Delvenne and Claisse (2010) ‘Food Chain Security and Vulnerability’, in Alpas, Cirakoglu, (ed), Food Chain Security, Springer; Closs (2005), ‘Dimensioning a secure supply chain’. Proceedings of the institute of food technologists, First Annual Food Protection & Defence Research Conference; Lee and Lemyre (2009), A Social-Cognitive Perspective of Terrorism Risk Perception and Individual Response in Canada. Risk Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 9; Renn (2009) ‘The Risk Handling Chain’ in Bouder, Slavin & Lofstedt (ed), The tolerability of Risk, Earthscan, London; Paton et al. (2005), When good intentions turn bad: Promoting natural hazard preparedness, Australian Journal of Emergency Management; Slovic & Weber (2002), Perception of risk posed by extreme events. Paper presented at the conference Risk Management Strategies in an Uncertain World, New York, April, 2002 apud Lee and Lemyre, (2009); Subuh (2008), Security and robustness in food supply chains in the Netherlands, MSc Thesis in MME, Wageningen University; Takhistov and Bryant (2006), ‘Protecting the food supply’, International Food Safety& Quality Network – discussion forum (Food Technology); World Health Organization (2002) Terrorist threats to food: guidance for establishing and strengthening prevention and response systems.
  12. 12. 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 ‘Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice‘ • 24-28 August 2014 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Contacts • Research project Risk/Crisis Communication during Bioterrorism Threat. The Management of Messages and Social Behavior http://parcc-bioterrorism.comunicare.ro/ • Main investigator: associate professor Irina Stănciugelu irina.stanciugelu@comunicare.ro

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