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IDRC Davos presentation_26August_Wetlands International-EcoDRR

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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IDRC Davos presentation_26August_Wetlands International-EcoDRR

  1. 1. Integrating water and wetlands management to reduce disaster risk IDRC, 2014 Susanna Tol
  2. 2. The world’s wetlands….
  3. 3. marshes
  4. 4. lakes
  5. 5. floodplains
  6. 6. mangroves
  7. 7. lagoons
  8. 8. rivers
  9. 9. peatswamps
  10. 10. …all play a vital role in DRR / CCA Regulating services: Reduce and sometimes mitigate the impact of hazard events • Buffers against storms and salt water intrusion (mangroves) • Store large quantities of water, accommodate flood waters • Release stored water, helping to mitigate droughts Provisioning services: Support and sustain livelihoods: timber, fruit, fish, fresh water, agriculture, income Make optimal but wise use of the wetland services! 10
  11. 11. Facts & Figures • 90% of hazards are water-related (floods, droughts, storms) • 50% of wetlands are already lost • Wetland loss one of the root causes of increased disaster risk • Pressure on wetlands is likely to intensify • Impacts from climate change  Build resilience by better managing our ecosystems 11
  12. 12. IPCC 5th Assessment Report 12
  13. 13. Ecosystem smart DRR approach • Assess all risk & vulnerabilities, incl. environmental factors and root causes of ecosystem degradation • Understand how areas in a landscape are spatially connected • Plan interventions at both community and landscape level • Policy dialogues & alignment: • integrate ecosystem approaches • address the root causes of degradation (e.g. logging, mining) • Work with: o Engineers o Water and land-use planners, sectors o Humanitarian / Dev. organisations o Local communities 13
  14. 14. Partners for Resilience (2011-2016) • Collaboration humanitarian, development & environmental actors, an many local partners • Vision: integrated approach is the way forward for DRR • Ecosystem-based and climate smart DRR: Assessing the causal factors behind risk, integrating environmental, social and institutional factors, and developing effective responses. • Active in 9 countries, with 450,000 beneficiaries • We complement each other in building resilient communities 14
  15. 15. Examples: Linking risk assessments 15 Mapping land-use change Modeling river flow regimes
  16. 16. Linking tools for early warning early action 16 E.g. Flood prediction tools with other early warning tools
  17. 17. Linking ecosystem and community based responses Creating coastal resilience through mangrove restoration (Indonesia) 17 • increased storm protection; • decreased erosion and saline intrusion; • provisioning of wetland goods, such as fisheries
  18. 18. Partners for Resilience approaches • Anticipate risk: act before disaster strikes • Respond: when disaster strikes & maintaining basic structures functions; • Adapt: to changing risks, to the changing livelihoods options; • Transform: address underlying factors and root causes of risk Approach: • Community-based: building resilience and capacity • Across timescales: short-term and long-term solutions • Across spatial scales: landscape to household level • Across sectors 18
  19. 19. Partners for Resilience India • Mahanadi delta region, Orissa (9 districts: 235 villages) • Kosi-Gandak floodplains, Bihar (8 districts: 105 villages) 19
  20. 20. Partners for Resilience - India Cluster approach: - Connect villages in same risk context to synergize DRR plans - Join up for advocacy for large scale policy change 3 clusters, risk contexts: • Coastal zone: cyclones, saline intrusion • Central delta: floods, waterlogging • Delta head: floods and droughts • - 126 DRR plans developed - 15 model villages to showcase implementation of integrated approach - Outcomes used to leverage further funds 20 Cluster Plan Village Risk reduction Plan Village Risk reduction Plan Village Risk reduction Plan
  21. 21. Participatory risk assessment & planning Risk reduction plans based on understanding of ecosystem, natural hazards and livelihood linkages 21
  22. 22. Risk context Mahanadi Intensive hydrological regulation for flood mitigation and irrigation: Structures impede flow to & from the rivers  Siltation of drainage channels and wetlands  Poor drainage conditions  Delta declined and 32% area of wetlands lost  Waterlogging, declined agricultural productivity, diseases • Approaches failed to recognize value of natural flows and floods • Survey shows villagers want to live with the flows and floods for natural fertilization, and higher fish productivity 22 2010 1975
  23. 23. 23 Interventions
  24. 24. Improve management of natural capital Intervention strategies Goal: Flood risk reduction recognizes value of natural flows and floods • Restore water bodies (e.g. ponds), to ensure water availability • Restore hydrological connectivity (drainage channels), to reduce area under waterlogging • Plant vegetative buffers, to control soil erosion from river banks • Restore mangrove belts, to create coastal buffer • Allign cropping pattern with high/low flows 24
  25. 25. Diversify livelihood options Intervention strategies Goal: Promote more sustainable livelihood options E.g.: • Water hyacinth based micro-enterprises • Dry fish preparation 25
  26. 26. Disaster preparedness Intervention strategies Goal: Enhance community preparedness • Availability of family survival kits • Community grain and seed banks • Safe drinking water, sanitation and shelter • Establishment of ‘task forces’ & ‘early warning’ at village level 26
  27. 27. Capacity building Intervention strategies Goal: community self-management • Water resource management • Sustainable agriculture • Sustainable livelihoods • Search, rescue and first aid • Market linkages 27
  28. 28. Strengtening institutions Intervention strategies Goal: more resilient institutions: • Formation of Village DRR committees • Leverage village development funds for building community resilience. • Integrate ecosystem based DRR plans into local municipality plans for sustainability of interventions • Increase effectiveness of local authorities (Pani Panchayats) 28
  29. 29. Policy links Strong engagement and contributions of government. Some results: • Role of ‘ecosystems as natural infrastructure’ in local water management decision, and extension of wetland management to river-basin level • Government: €3,3 mln: implementation of clustered DRR plans • Dialogue with state and coastal zone management to address downstream water needs and DRR in Hirakud & Rengali Dam 29
  30. 30. Further reading 30 Download at:
  31. 31. Partners for Resilience India North-Bihar 31 Link to YouTube Link to local file
  32. 32. Incorporate ecoystem based approaches in your DRR plans and programmes For more information about our project in India: Head of programme: