IDRC Davos presentation Doberstein FINAL Aug 24

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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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IDRC Davos presentation Doberstein FINAL Aug 24

  1. 1. Climate change-related relocation in LDC cities: A review of existing guidelines for informal settlements Stilt homes: Manila, Philippines 1 Dr. Brent Doberstein, University of Waterloo bdoberst@uwaterloo.ca
  2. 2. Next 13 minutes… • Origin of research/rationale • Methods • Results • Brief conclusions 2
  3. 3. Rationale/‘Gap’ • Broad understanding: • Climate change-related displacement has/will continue to affect millions of people • Human displacement: a sorely neglected aspect of the current climate change debate (emphasis added, Displacement Solutions 2011) • Planned or assisted relocation increasingly seen as a logical and legitimate climate change (CC) adaptation strategy (IOM 2010, Black et. al. 2011). • Relocation planning as an adaptation strategy is virtually nonexistent in (CCA) policy design. (ADB 2012) 3
  4. 4. Types of CC Displacement Presentation focus (Displacement Solutions 2011) 4
  5. 5. Research Method Question: to what extent is guidance available for CC relocation practice? • Guidance=principles, ‘how-to’ manuals, policy documents, guidelines, etc. • Guidance? comprehensive vulnerability reduction through resettlement • Physical, social, economic, political & ecological vulnerability reduction Method: -secondary document search (n=47) -contents analysis of ‘top’ documents (n=8) 5
  6. 6. Results Three Gorges Dam resettlement • Abundance of ‘resettlement’ guidance • Development-induced displacement & resettlement (DIDR) • Conflict resettlement • Disaster resettlement • Very little CC-specific guidance • Most useful sources emerged >2011 • No informal settlement-specific guidance Zaatari settlement, Jordan 6
  7. 7. Relocation as a last resort • Almost all existing guidelines (DIDRCC-related) state this is some way or another • Uncertainty: huge challenge for CC relocation • How can planners be certain CC impacts necessitate relocation? • Careful assessment of CC implications • Natural-hazard related ‘evidence’ • E.g. Increasing flood levels, frequency, impacts, etc • Requests by communities 7
  8. 8. Informal settlement, post-Typhoon: 8 Navotas, Manila
  9. 9. Post-Typhoon flooding, informal settlement, Manila 9
  10. 10. Informal settlement flooding, Dhaka 10
  11. 11. Community request 11 for resettlement?
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  16. 16. Conclusions • CC-specific relocation guidance is beginning to emerge (post 2011) • New guidance emerging monthly • Gaps: • Comprehensive vulnerability reduction guidance • Detailed ‘how to’ guides • Country-specific guides • Community-specific guidance • E.g. Informal settlements March 2014 16 June 2014
  17. 17. Questions ? 17

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