IDRC and Preparation Ability of Major Risk

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Prof. Wang Shaoyu
Harbin Institute of Technology, China

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IDRC and Preparation Ability of Major Risk

  1. 1. IDRC and Preparation Ability of Major Risk Events Triggered by Wenchuan Earthquake Prof. Wang Shaoyu Harbin Institute of Technology, China
  2. 2. IDRC 2006
  3. 3. IDRC 2006 <ul><li>From Thoughts to Action </li></ul>
  4. 4. IDRC 2008
  5. 5. IDRC 2009
  6. 6. IDRC Davos 2010 Contributing Countries
  7. 7. 1. Wenchuan Replay
  8. 8. 2. Rethinking the Emergency Disposal of Wenchuan Earthquake <ul><li>Human’s ability is still limited for natural disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Human’s position more clearly in the nature </li></ul><ul><li>Make people more aware of the importance of disaster defense </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Outlook </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Rethinking the Emergency Disposal of Wenchuan Earthquake <ul><li>Explore more physical measures to defend disasters </li></ul><ul><li>As an inspiration from Wenchuan, continually exploring the </li></ul><ul><li>various functional room of the physical facilities to withstand disasters would be new ideas for rebuilding homes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2. Rethinking the Emergency Disposal of Wenchuan Earthquake <ul><li>More attention should be paid to non-engineering measures. </li></ul><ul><li>The stories of &quot;Knowledge Rescue&quot; in Wenchuan earthquake once again warn people to attach much importance to non-engineering measures. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2. Rethinking the Emergency Disposal of Wenchuan Earthquake <ul><li>Gap between economic development and disaster prevention in our consciousness </li></ul>0.15 59.3 2006 0.19 62.97 2005 0.17 49.40 2004 0.23 55.71 2003 0.15 32.93 2002 0.19 35.17 2001 0.18 28.73 2000 0.26 34.05 1999 0.48 52.32 1998 0.37 34.51 1997 0.49 39.06 1996 0.40 27.27 1995 0.34 19.42 1994 0.33 15.40 1993 0.42 15.89 1992 The expenditure proportion of disaster in financial payout (%) Expenditure of disaster (a hundred million) Year
  12. 12. 3. Preparation Capacity System of Critical Risk Events <ul><li>Technological dimension is the technological preparation capacity to deal with critical risk events. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized dimension means organizing capacity to deal with critical risk events. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic dimension points to economy preparation capacity to handle critical risk events. </li></ul><ul><li>Social and public dimension means social and public preparation capacity to deal with critical risk events. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 4.Reflection on Strengthening Critical Risk Events Prevention Capacity Building <ul><li>The government has unavoidable responsibility while </li></ul><ul><li>handling critical risk events </li></ul><ul><li>legal responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>social mobilization system </li></ul><ul><li>comprehensive plan </li></ul>
  14. 14. 4.Reflection on Strengthening Critical Risk Events Prevention Capacity Building <ul><li>Establish extensive social mobilization mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>Improving catastrophic social mobilization mechanism would make government, social organization and individuals better involve in the battle against catastrophe so as to reduce losses to the minimum. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging civil organization and volunteers to take part in catastrophe emergency will also be beneficial . </li></ul>
  15. 15. 4.Reflection on Strengthening Critical Risk Events Prevention Capacity Building <ul><li>Make full education of risk awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Education of risk management should be integrated into the routine course of government officials and public administrators. </li></ul><ul><li>Education of disaster and risk should be carried out at all levels among the schools. </li></ul><ul><li>The awareness of disaster and risk should be widely spread in the public. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 4.Reflection on Strengthening Critical Risk Events Prevention Capacity Building <ul><li>Risk dialogue and agglomeration effect </li></ul><ul><li>Widely spread the necessity of disaster and risk awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Government would positively communicate with stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Government should actively encourage NGOs and civil forces to get involved in disaster risk management… </li></ul>
  17. 17. The End Thank You

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