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Health Considerations in the Restoration of Large Carnivore Populations in Sweden

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GRF 2nd One Health Summit 2013: Presentation by Camilla Sandström, Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden

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Health Considerations in the Restoration of Large Carnivore Populations in Sweden

  1. 1. - Health Considerations in the Restoration of Large Carnivore Populations in Sweden Camilla Sandström, Associate professor, Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden Multiple One Health Perspectives on Protected Areas, Nature Conservation, and Human-Animal Connections 2nd Global Risk Forum One Health Summit, 17-20 November, 2013, Davos, Switzerland
  2. 2. Large Carnivore Conservation in Sweden A success story? Photos: Wikimedia Commons ; Camilla Sandström
  3. 3. Brown bear (Ursus Arctos) 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 Bear population 1995 2000 Population goal 2005 2010 2015
  4. 4. Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 Wolves 1995 2000 Interim population goal 2005 2010 2015
  5. 5. Attitudes towards wolves Dislike… Neutral… Like to have wolfes in Sweden • Stable - but a potential break and klyfta stad och land 55 % of the Swedes like to have Wolves in Sweden 20 % decrease since 2009 Rural – urban divide More wolfes?
  6. 6. Sápmi • • • • Sámi – indigenous population in four countries Usufructuary rights to land Reindeer husbandry – transhumance/way of life Meat production • In Sweden ca 250 000 reindeers • Predation between 8-33 % • Slaughter 25 % 2011/2012 • Reindeer herding communites on the edge of collapse Source: SOU 2012:22
  7. 7. Risk analysis among reindeer herders • Increased cost due to more intensive herding • Lowered production due to increased predation Economic • Lowered income Physical • Increased workload • Stress • Increased risk of injuries (cold burns/cold trauma) social • Haressments from animal rights groups • Racism and neocolonial attitudes • Lack of confidence in authorithies • Powerlessness, frustration, anxiety, insecurity, feelings of inadequacy Conse • Lower health related quality of life (HRQL) • Higher exposure to both suicide and suicidal behaviour compared to other groups in the area Psycho quences
  8. 8. • Urgent need for an an integrated (socio-ecologial) governance and management approach at multiple levels • Collaborative approaches • Adaptive management • Tolerance levels
  9. 9. Selected references Thanks for your attention! Kaiser, N. 2011, Mental Health problems among the Swedish reindeer-herding Sami population. PhD Thesis Umeå University Omma, L. 2013. Ung same i Sverige. Livsvillkor, självvärdering och hälsa. SEPA & Gesbygdsmedicin. 2013. Risk analys SOU 2012: 22 Ericsson, G., Sandström, C., Kagervall, A. & Johansson, M . 2013. Attityder till rovdjur och rovdjursförvaltning. Rapport 2013: 1 Institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö, SLU. Umeå.

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