The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges Professor Roderick J. La...
The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
MULTIPLE FACTORS INFLUENCE URBAN HEALTH <ul><li>Heath Status of Urban Populations  is the outcome of - </li></ul><ul><li>E...
INTERDISCIPLINARITY: A Systemic Interpretation  Living Conditions Behaviour Lifestyle HEALTH STATUS Environment, Micro & M...
A SYSTEMIC CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
THE PERTINENCE OF HUMAN ECOLOGY <ul><li>Human Ecology founded in 1920s : </li></ul><ul><li>Basic principles: </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Living Conditions and Health Status in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Park R, Burgess E, McKenzie R.  The City: Suggest...
<ul><li>Living Conditions and Health Status in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Boyden et al. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eco...
From Multidisciplinarity to Inter- & Transdisciplinarity
  S PATIAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT DATABASES Database for each individual and household included in the housing and health s...
ADDED VALUE OF ONE HEALTH APPROACH Admits complexity and change. Recognizes the need for a broad systemic conceptual frame...
REFERENCES Lawrence, R. (2001). Human Ecology. In M. Tolba (ed.)  Our Fragile World:  Challenges and opportunities for sus...
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The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges

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GRF One Health Summit 2012, Davos: Presentation by Prof. Roderick Lawrence - Professor - Institute of Environmental Sciences - University of Geneva

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The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Approaches For Urban Health Challenges

  1. 1. The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges Professor Roderick J. Lawrence University of Geneva Switzerland [email_address]
  2. 2. The Pertinence of Interdisciplinary & Transdisciplinary Contributions for Urban Health Challenges <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Multidimensional Characteristics of Urban Health </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Conceptual Framework </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Contributions of Human Ecology since the 1920s </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Synthesis & Conclusion. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. MULTIPLE FACTORS INFLUENCE URBAN HEALTH <ul><li>Heath Status of Urban Populations is the outcome of - </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors </li></ul><ul><li>Economic factors </li></ul><ul><li>Social & cultural (lifestyle) factors </li></ul><ul><li>Technological factors </li></ul><ul><li>Medical and health services </li></ul><ul><li>Media and information </li></ul><ul><li>Public policies and programmes </li></ul><ul><li>… in precise localities </li></ul><ul><li>… at specific time periods </li></ul>Cape Town
  4. 4. INTERDISCIPLINARITY: A Systemic Interpretation Living Conditions Behaviour Lifestyle HEALTH STATUS Environment, Micro & Macro Affordable Primary Health Care Socio-Economic Status Personal Characteristics Information Media Marketing Policy Agendas, National & Local Education, Employment Status
  5. 5. A SYSTEMIC CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
  6. 6. THE PERTINENCE OF HUMAN ECOLOGY <ul><li>Human Ecology founded in 1920s : </li></ul><ul><li>Basic principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocal nature of people-environment relations </li></ul><ul><li>Human ecosystems are open to external factors </li></ul><ul><li>Human regulatory mechanisms: </li></ul><ul><li>adaptation and resilience for sustenance </li></ul><ul><li>Co-evolution over time: changes to ecosystems can reflect or lead to changes in human behaviour </li></ul>(Figure : Swiss NEHAP)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Living Conditions and Health Status in Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Park R, Burgess E, McKenzie R. The City: Suggestions for the study of human nature in the urban environment. ( University of Chicago Press, 1925). </li></ul>APPLICATIONS OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
  8. 8. <ul><li>Living Conditions and Health Status in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Boyden et al. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecology of a City and its </li></ul><ul><li>People: the case of Hong Kong. </li></ul><ul><li>(Australian National University Press, 1981). </li></ul>APPLICATIONS OF HUMAN ECOLOGY
  9. 9. From Multidisciplinarity to Inter- & Transdisciplinarity
  10. 10. S PATIAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT DATABASES Database for each individual and household included in the housing and health survey SPSS Database of results of field work & survey SPSS Geo-referenced data and statistics of municipalities Geo-referenced data of population and housing stock Geo-referenced data of socio-health information Topographical maps Links
  11. 11. ADDED VALUE OF ONE HEALTH APPROACH Admits complexity and change. Recognizes the need for a broad systemic conceptual framework. Encourages interdisciplinary contributions. Seeks to relate research findings to policy definition & implementation. We recommend that: More attention is given to the social and economic factors that influence human health, animal and environmental health and the interrelations between them.
  12. 12. REFERENCES Lawrence, R. (2001). Human Ecology. In M. Tolba (ed.) Our Fragile World: Challenges and opportunities for sustainable development, Volume 1 . Oxford: EOLSS Publishers, pp.675-693. Lawrence, R. & C. Després (eds.) (2004). Futures of transdisciplinarity. Futures , 36, 4, (special issue). Lawrence, R. (2005). Building healthy cities: the World health organization perspective. In S. Galea & D. Vlahov (eds). Handbook of urban health: populations, methods and practice . Springer, New York, pp. 479-501. Lawrence, R. (2010). Beyond disciplinary confinement to transdisciplinarity. In V. Brown, J.Harris & J. Russell (eds.) Tackling wicked problems through the transdisciplinary imagination . London, Earthscan, 2010, pp.16-30.

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