Adapting to climate change and disaster risk reduction through SLMExperience from pilot project in Tajikistan        Hansp...
Not enough rainfall …… but increased floods followed by droughts tragedy of drylands SLM practices need to be tolerant t...
Watershed Management, DRR, CC adaptationDecision support for the selection of best/ good practicesUpper zone: Grazing land...
Part I: IdentificationStakeholder Workshop 1(2-3 days  1 day + field visit)Methodology based on the ‚learning for sustain...
Technologies   Productive protection in extreme event                                       5
SLM & climate change adaptation (PPCR Tajikistan)    >     70 SLM documentations: 46 Technologies and 24 Approaches    >  ...
SLM knowledge                       SLM technology  documented and presented in standardized WOCAT format                 ...
Key question: vulnerability / resilience toclimate variability … extreme events                                           ...
Adaptation to climate change / extremes
Questionnaire: Climate Change Adaptation https://www.wocat.net/en/methods/modules/climate-change.html   10
Questionnaire Watershed  Upper – Middle - Lower                           11
Part III: Selection and decisionStakeholder Workshop 2 (2 days  1 day)Working through a series of steps to select good pr...
Methodology: Part III• Selection of options is based on  WOCAT&TajikCAT/CACAT)  database• Scoring and decision  process is...
Workshops and using documented SLM           • Part I – Identification:             Problems and possible solutions       ...
Major results from DRR-DS tool:  – Key: the water cycle  on- and off-    site impacts  – High water losses in drylands   ...
In-/near-/off-village concept     I. In-village – targeting the most vulnerable rural families     II. Near-village – grow...
WOCAT publication         10 Technology Groups              No   CC impact being addressed              Improved grazing l...
Water harvesting: roof top rainwater harvesting storedin polythene lined earth retention tank                             ...
Irrigation infrastructure management:Cascading rock irrigation channelChannelling water-runoff from mountain top to villag...
The flood April 2012Comparing: LD/SLMSaving cow                   20
Conclusion•   Key role SLM in DRR and CC-Adaptation•   Land and water nexus•   Linking productive (local with protective (...
… join us!The Flood                www.wocat.netComparingSaving cow…OrchardsEnergy saving
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Hanspeter LINIGER "Adapting to climate change through sustainable land management: experiences of a pilot project in Tajikistan"

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  • While Section 1, assesses the existing problems of agriculture in Tajikistan and how these problems might increase with climate change, Section 2 presents land management practices that have proven sustainable, or are promising in being resilient against climate change. Over the last 5 months, we have worked on an inventory of SLM in Tajikistan. Together with 14 governmental and non-governmental organisations 46 land management technologies and 24 approaches to improve land management, have been documented using the WOCAT tools (questionnaires and online database). The collection of case studies is presented here today in the form of a folder. You can find all the case studies also on the CD-Rom, which was distributed. All the organisations which have contributed with a documentation will receive a colour copy for free. We are also happy to sell the folder to interested organisations, please place your orders with Zarina, for example in the coffee break.
  • Hanspeter LINIGER "Adapting to climate change through sustainable land management: experiences of a pilot project in Tajikistan"

    1. 1. Adapting to climate change and disaster risk reduction through SLMExperience from pilot project in Tajikistan Hanspeter Liniger, Bettina Wolfgramm WOCAT PPCR: Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (WB) CAMP Kuhiston
    2. 2. Not enough rainfall …… but increased floods followed by droughts tragedy of drylands SLM practices need to be tolerant to climate extremes Adaptation to climate change!!! Photo: H.P. Liniger
    3. 3. Watershed Management, DRR, CC adaptationDecision support for the selection of best/ good practicesUpper zone: Grazing land and forestsMiddle zone: cropland, and mixed areasLower zone: settlements, cropland, grazing land Promote productive and protective practices in 3zones 3
    4. 4. Part I: IdentificationStakeholder Workshop 1(2-3 days  1 day + field visit)Methodology based on the ‚learning for sustainability‘approach (LforS)
    5. 5. Technologies Productive protection in extreme event 5
    6. 6. SLM & climate change adaptation (PPCR Tajikistan) > 70 SLM documentations: 46 Technologies and 24 Approaches > Conducted through participation of 14 organisations: Tajik Soil Institute, CAMP Kuhiston, Pamir Biology Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, World Bank, ADB, CARITAS Switzerland, MSDSP, CDE, Welthungerhilfe, GIZ, UNDP, Youth Ecological Centre, CESVI WB project English Russian6
    7. 7. SLM knowledge SLM technology documented and presented in standardized WOCAT format SLM approach 7
    8. 8. Key question: vulnerability / resilience toclimate variability … extreme events 8
    9. 9. Adaptation to climate change / extremes
    10. 10. Questionnaire: Climate Change Adaptation https://www.wocat.net/en/methods/modules/climate-change.html 10
    11. 11. Questionnaire Watershed Upper – Middle - Lower 11
    12. 12. Part III: Selection and decisionStakeholder Workshop 2 (2 days  1 day)Working through a series of steps to select good practices
    13. 13. Methodology: Part III• Selection of options is based on WOCAT&TajikCAT/CACAT) database• Scoring and decision process is supported by a software for multi- objective decision support (MODSS)• Both tools are embedded into a stakeholder workshop, continuing the ‘learning for sustainability’ approach
    14. 14. Workshops and using documented SLM • Part I – Identification: Problems and possible solutions • Part II – Assessment: Document and evaluate existing solutions (WOCAT database) • Part III – Selection: Select the most promising SLM technologies and approaches  Approach: Involvement of all stakeholders
    15. 15. Major results from DRR-DS tool: – Key: the water cycle  on- and off- site impacts – High water losses in drylands causing disasters: flood and drought – Discussion about investments in upper to protect lower zones – Productive Protection in all zones!!! – Prevention rather than cure or rehab – Valuable / crucial contribution by all stakeholders!!! – Local solutions often available but need up-scaling 15
    16. 16. In-/near-/off-village concept I. In-village – targeting the most vulnerable rural families II. Near-village – growing a productive belt around villages III. Off-village – intensify land use in the major production areas16
    17. 17. WOCAT publication 10 Technology Groups No CC impact being addressed Improved grazing land 4 Vegetation degradationIrrigation infrastructure management 7 Water shortage Water harvesting 3 Less frequent rainfalls Soil productivity enhancement 7 Soil fertility decline Cross-slope measures: 5 Heavy rainfall onsite protection Cross-slope measures: 4 Land slides due to extreme rainfalls offsite protection Agroforestry 10 Crop failure in monoculture systems Planted and natural forest 3 Riverbank erosion Tree belts 4 Wind erosion, change in microclimate Indirect SLM measures 2 Desertification Total number of WOCAT case 46 17 studies
    18. 18. Water harvesting: roof top rainwater harvesting storedin polythene lined earth retention tank In-Village+ increased water availability  improved production and diversification in kitchen gardens+ low-cost technology+ less money spent to buy water- only works if there is no extreme drought Welthungerhilfe
    19. 19. Irrigation infrastructure management:Cascading rock irrigation channelChannelling water-runoff from mountain top to village Near- Off- Villageand slope stabilisation with poplar trees:+ improved water harvesting  crop diversification downstream, crop yield, clean drinking water+ windbreak  decreased wind erosion+ wood production  source of secondary incomeCAMP
    20. 20. The flood April 2012Comparing: LD/SLMSaving cow 20
    21. 21. Conclusion• Key role SLM in DRR and CC-Adaptation• Land and water nexus• Linking productive (local with protective (watershed)• Building up on existing local experiences  combine with external knowledge  strengthen the decision capacities• Enhance land users knowledge and participation• Key role of land scape approach and the village concept• KM DS to be build into project right from the start• Many disasters are human made!!!
    22. 22. … join us!The Flood www.wocat.netComparingSaving cow…OrchardsEnergy saving

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