Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures


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Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures

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Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and Procedures

  1. 1. Automated Wildland Fire Detection integrated in Fire Management Systems and –Procedures<br />Presentationby Joachim F. Dreibach <br />forFire Watch international AG, Aarau, Switzerland<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Facts<br />Every year forests are destroyed on a large scale<br />• 10.000 km² in Europe <br />• 100.000 km² in tropical/subtropical regions <br />• Up to 100.000 km² in North-America<br />• Several million km² of savannah<br /><ul><li> > 1 million hectares destroyed every year</li></ul>This equates 150 times the size of Switzerland!<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 10<br />
  3. 3. Detection Methods<br />Photo by: LoockoutCharles White Aercraft Surveilance Ontario Sattelite Bird by DLR<br />UAV California Video Sensor ( Pelco) Forest Ranger Sensor and Control Office <br />3<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 10<br />
  4. 4. Detection Performance without Forest Ranger<br />Othter<br />3%<br />Organized<br />Detection<br />23% <br />Random Aerial<br />26%<br />Random Ground<br /> 48%<br />Worldwide, 60% of the fires are detected at random. This is a substantial argument for an installation of a reliable early detection system.<br />Costsfordetection:<br />Ontario: 3Mio $/ Year<br />Sesketuan: 4Mio $/Year<br />Based on Canada Yearly analysis<br />4<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  5. 5. <ul><li>Fast starting fires
  6. 6. Day and Night fires
  7. 7. Fast moving fires
  8. 8. Fast changing weather /environmental conditions
  9. 9. Difficult geographical areas ( Hills, Mountains ….)
  10. 10. No mains power available
  11. 11. Fast detection, initial attack requirement < 20minutes
  12. 12. Provide much more functionalities and data, than only detect a fire</li></ul>5<br />Detectionrequirementsfor remote sensing<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  13. 13. <ul><li>Color- & B/W sensing for detection
  14. 14. Black & White images for smoke identification
  15. 15. Color Information for smoke classification and monitoring
  16. 16. Day and Night Visual information
  17. 17. Weather /environmental information
  18. 18. Information about geographical areas ( Hills, Mountains, POI)
  19. 19. Position information (geo-referenced coordinates)
  20. 20. Sensor status information
  21. 21. Interactive sensor access for request of dedicated real time data by authorized users
  22. 22. Database for event analysis- and training tasks</li></ul>6<br />Data required for Fire Management procedures<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  23. 23. Data provided for Fire Management<br />7<br />Numeric - , visual - and localization-information<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  24. 24. Forest Ranger – Operator tools<br />8<br />Operator verification of alerts by hystographic analysis<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 10<br />
  25. 25. Data provided for Fire Management<br />Visual image b/w with analysis functions Night detection<br />9<br />Color - & incident information<br />(Live monitoring & database)<br />
  26. 26. Data provided for Fire Management<br />10<br />Color-, image-, parameter- and database-information <br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  27. 27. Data provided for Fire Management<br />Geographic localisation<br />11<br />Georeferenced information <br />(true azimuth & elevation related to sector and coordinates)<br />
  28. 28. Fire management tools<br />12<br />Fireevaluation by live observations (apr. 30km)<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  29. 29. Fire management tools<br />13<br />Fireevaluation by live observations (apr. 15km)<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  30. 30. Fire management tools<br />14<br />2D/3D Position simulation:<br />Network integration for<br />2D/3D Simulation of fire position<br />and fire behaviour simulation<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 10<br />
  31. 31. Fire management tools<br />15<br />Fire management Interface:<br /><ul><li> Data communication with dispatching </li></ul> system for visual data exchange <br /><ul><li> Fire propagation
  32. 32. Identification of resources
  33. 33. Position of resources
  34. 34. Movement of resources
  35. 35. Strategic coordination of resources
  36. 36. Identification of fire position
  37. 37. Propagation of fire development</li></ul>copyright by J.Dreibach 10<br />
  38. 38. System Concept – SDIS13 France<br />16<br />16 sensor´s<br />2Control Office<br />Radio Network<br />Power<br />FTP Storage<br />3D GIS communication<br />Fire management integration<br />Meteo Stations<br />24Hrs Service Contract<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  39. 39. Commercial Operation and success<br />Hectares burned<br />Start Forest ranger<br />Statistic by Capitaine JM DUMAZ - Fire Department Of Bouches-du-Rhône - France<br />17<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  40. 40. Conclusion<br />Leave it as it is, or…<br />18<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />
  41. 41. stop it before … <br />19<br />Thank You for your attention<br />Joachim F. Dreibach<br />copyright by J.Dreibach 09<br />