Gerry Galloway - Regional and Community Resilience


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Panel IV: “Translating National Strategies to Practice”
Gerry Galloway, Research Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Maryland, Maryland, USA

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  • Website Caption: On the Cover: New York City on October 31. Photograph by Iwan Baan for New York Magazine. Date: November 5th, 2012Website:
  • Gerry Galloway - Regional and Community Resilience

    1. 1. Gerald E Galloway Glenn L. Martin Professor of Engineering University of Maryland Overcoming National-Regional- State Local Tensions in Building Community Resilience
    2. 2. BBC 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
    3. 3. 2005Katrina
    4. 4. Mississippi and Missouri Rivers 2011
    5. 5. SANDY! 29-30 October 2012
    6. 6. Dispersion of New Orleans Residents after Katrina
    7. 7. Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative Sponsors Department of Agriculture Forest Service U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Department of Energy U.S. Geological Survey Department of Homeland Security and Federal Emergency Management Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Community and Regional Resilience Institute National Research Council The National Academies 2012
    8. 8. • Disaster losses could be reduced through increased attention to national resilience • A proactive approach that builds resilience will be more effective at reducing losses of life, property, and economic productivity than current approach • We can build upon the rich, existing body of technical, scientific, and practical knowledge Conclusions Photo: Gulfport, MS after Hurricane Katrina in 2005 Source: NOAA
    9. 9. Federal Government Executive – Legislative - Judicial Federal Agencies 50 State Governments Executive – Legislative - Judicial Local Governments State Agencies
    10. 10. The Landscape of Resilience Policy • Strong governance at all levels is a key element of resilience • Policies designed to improve national resilience need to take the long-term view of community resilience • Government policies and practices can have unintended consequences that negatively impact resilience. • Gaps in policies and programs among federal agencies exist for all parts of the resilience process • Gaps result from legislative authority within which agencies are directed to operate, lack of effective coordination of the roles and responsibilities, and lack of a unified resilience vision.
    11. 11. Building Local Capacity—Resilience from the Bottom-Up • Building Community Capacity o Engage the community in disaster policy planning o Link public & private infrastructure performance to resilience goals o Communicate risks, promote a culture of resilience o Organize communities and families to prepare for disasters o Adopt sound land-use practices and adopt and enforce building codes Photo: Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribal Administration doing emergency training, June 2012 Source: Casey Deshong/FEMA Local conditions vary across the country; the nation’s communities are unique. The risks faced by every community vary according to local hazards. However, there are steps all communities can take. Community resilience begins with strong local capacity.
    12. 12. Post/Pre-Sandy Resilience • New Programs Across Government • 2007 WRDA • BW12 • Increase in Attention in National Media • Post-Sandy Resilience Activities at Federal State and Local Level
    13. 13.  The Home Depot revolutionized the home improvement industry by bringing the know-how and the tools to the consumer and by saving them money.  Not only did store associates undergo rigorous product knowledge training, but they also began offering clinics so customers could learn how to do it themselves.  “At the end of the day, we’re in the people business.”
    14. 14. Policy It is the policy of the United States to strengthen the security and resilience of its critical infrastructure against both physical and cyber threats. The Federal Government shall also engage with international partners to strengthen the security and resilience of domestic critical infrastructure and critical infrastructure located outside of the United States on which the Nation depends. U.S. efforts shall address the security and resilience of critical infrastructure in an integrated, holistic manner to reflect this infrastructure's interconnectedness and interdependency. ********************************************************************************************************* Resilience includes the ability to withstand and recover from deliberate attacks, accidents, or naturally occurring threats or incidents. December 7 2012 Executive Order -- Establishing the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force EXECUTIVE ORDER - - - - - - - ESTABLISHING THE HURRICANE SANDY REBUILDING TASK FORCE By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Purpose. This order establishes the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force (Task Force) to provide the coordination that is necessary to support these rebuilding objectives. …A disaster of Hurricane Sandy's magnitude merits a comprehensive and collaborative approach to the long-term rebuilding plans for this critical region and its infrastructure. Sec. 2. Establishment of the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force The Chair's duties shall also include: (i) communicating and engaging with States, tribes, local governments, Members of Congress, other stakeholders and interested parties, and the public on matters pertaining to rebuilding in the affected region;
    15. 15. The Western Governors' Association (WGA) has joined the Western StatesWater Council in asking the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to work with states on rulemaking for the treatment of surplus water in Corps- managed reservoirs. WGAexpressed its concernto Jo-Ellen Darcy, Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works). The letter said, in part, that the Corps had not "adequately engaged the states ... in the development of this draft and that its release may be premature."
    16. 16. Characteristics of a Resilient Nation in 2030 A resilient nation in 2030 has a vibrant and diverse economy and a safer, healthier, and better educated citizenry than in previous generations. • Individuals and communities are their own first line of defense • National leadership in resilience exists throughout federal government • Community-led resilience efforts receive investment and support.