EPIC_Nepal_ Davos 2014_ Aug 26


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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • Nepal

    Small, landlocked Himalayan country

    73% of the land area is mountainous with steep to very steep slopes (altitude 67 – 8,848 m masl)

    High degree of climate variation (sub-tropical to Alpine)
  • Project Location:

    Panchase region in Western Hills of Nepal

    The region is popular in its bio-diversity & expands in 17 VDC in 3 district (Kaski, Syangja & Parbat)

    Out of 17 VDCs EPIC has selected 3 specific communities each in one District (Gahrelu, Bhatkhola & Tilahar)
  • The methods are both bottom up and top down
    Integration of community based knowledge and science
  • EPIC_Nepal_ Davos 2014_ Aug 26

    1. 1. Ecosystems protecting infrastructure and communities Implementing Ecosystem-Based DRR Nepal IDRC, Davos August 24-29, 2014
    2. 2. Nevados de Chillàn©A.Casteller Nepal Introduction Why Eco- Safe Roads? >Rural roads accelerating erosion rates and creating economic losses >More extreme rainfall
    3. 3. Nevados de Chillàn©A.Casteller Nepal One of the most popular tourism sites in Nepal… Phewa Lake has shrunk by 50% over the last 3 decades Introduction
    4. 4. Nevados de Chillàn©A.Casteller Nepal Relevance for community needs? Poor governance Poverty High migration remittances Connectivity Need for roads Unplanned rural road construction Erosion / landslides Water siltation Economic and social losses
    5. 5. Nepal Nepal Objectives  Enhance local knowledge and national uptake of bio-engineering or eco-safe roads  Build capacity of local & national actors (development, environment & DRR actors) through workshops, trainings and visits  Mainstream Ecosystem-based DRR into local, national and global policies  Bio-engineering and socio-economic research
    6. 6. Nepal Nepal Location  Project Location: Project Area
    7. 7. Nepal Nepal Activities – success through ownership 1. Community awareness about bioengineering : demonstration sites, information exchanges 2. Nursery Enhancement /livelihood activities 3. Capacity Development 4. Ecosystem-based DRR into national and global policies 5. Quantify ecosystem services: LiDAR, socio-economic research
    8. 8. Nepal Nepal Involvement of local stakeholders in research and implementation  Socio-economic  VCA: HH survey, Participatory community risk maps and bio-engineering maps  Economic cost benefit analysis of poor road construction vs “eco-safe roads”  Bio-physical  Bio-engineering research, most climate resistant appropriate local plant species  Quantifying ecosystem services (vegetation) for landslide and erosion control - LiDAR
    9. 9. Nepal Nepal Initial results  DSCO Nursery Enhancement  DSCO Kaski & DSCO Syangja are expanding the nursery with additional plant species for Bioengineering  DSCO Parbat is working with the local community in Tialahar to develop a new Nursery
    10. 10. Nepal Nepal Initial results  DSCO Nursery Enhancement  develop a new Nursery
    11. 11. Nepal Nepal Initial results  IUCN media training resulted in article in Himalaya Times Nepali Daily, National Daily on July 15, 2014  “The effectiveness of bio- engineering”  Bio-engineering reduced the soil erosion and flooding problems in Gharelu village – our first demonstration site
    12. 12. Nepal Nepal Challenges..  Takes time to establish coordination mechanism with the government agencies  Increasing motivation of communities to participate in project >> green jobs + livelihood enhancement activities  Sustainable management of bioengineering demonstration sites >> village committees  Climate constraints – heavy rain / drought  Obtaining sufficient bio-physical data on climate variables and soil loss
    13. 13. Nepal Nepal Next steps  Community-led maintenance of demonstration sites & plant species  Capacity building through info board, local and national workshops, bioengineering brochure, PhD & Masters students  Bi-annual LiDAR scans, plant root testing, rainfall measurements  Community-based action learning planning
    14. 14.  Community-led process in collaboration with local government, but not easy! Finding livelihood enhancement benefits in addition to the DRR / CCA benefits Convincing by demonstrating > ex. Live fences Importance of quantifying ecosystem services for policy messages Nepal Nepal Main steps for success?
    15. 15. Team members: IUCN Nepal: Ms. Anu Adhikari (Programme Officer) Mr. Rajendra Khanal (Programme Coordinator) UNIL: Prof. Michel Jaboyedoff Dr. Karen Sudmeier-Rieux (Project Coordinator, socio-economic research) Dr. Ivanna Penna (Geologist) Ms. Sandrine Eberle (Temporary - Graphic design) Bio-engineering consultant: Mr. Sanjaya Devkota (FEED Ltd.) and Tribhuvan Univ. Nepal Nepal Thank you