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Enhancement of urban security


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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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Enhancement of urban security

  1. 1. Enhancement of Urban Security through Community Empowerment – A Local Perspective Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction Setúbal Municipality, Portugal: City Councilman Carlos Alberto Rabaçal
  2. 2. Objectives  Security Theories  Threats / Risks  The Territory – Setúbal  Our Neighborhood, Our City – Program  Intercultural Mediation in Public Services  Municipal Intervention Plan for Setúbal Historical Center  Added Value. 2
  3. 3. 3 Security (Booth, 2008) 1. “Insecurity is a life-determining condition”  Insecurity involves living in fear, with dangers arising from one or more types of threat (…) security is equivalent to survival-plus (the plus being some freedom from life-determining threats, and therefore space to make choices).  Survival is being alive; security is living. 2. “Security is an instrumental value” Absolute security is a dream. It is possible to distinguish between subjective and non-subjective security. One can feel safe (with no sense of imminent danger) without being safe, and likewise one can be free of ‘real’ threats without believing it to be the case. Booth, K. (2007). Theory of World Security, p. 95-110, Cambridge University Press, New York.
  4. 4. 4 Security (Booth, 2008) 2. “Security is an instrumental value”  Survival was equated with existence – enduring as a physical being – while security was described as survival-plus. The plus here is the choice that comes from (relative) freedom from existential threats, and it is this freedom that gives security its instrumental value. 3. “Security is a powerful political word”  “The word security is related to (…) positive conditions of living”  “The word security in political discourse signifies priority” (…) “Once the security label has been attached to an issue, it changes from being a problem to a priority for society.” Booth, K. (2007). Theory of World Security, p. 95-110, Cambridge University Press, New York.
  5. 5. 5 Security (Booth, 2008) 4. “Security is a derivative concept”  “In this sense, the search for security through emancipatory politics – lifting people as individuals and groups out of structural and contingent oppressions such as war and poverty – is part of the project of inventing humanity.” Security (Williams, 2008) “Security is most commonly associated with the alleviation of threats to cherished values; specially those which, if left unchecked, threaten the survival of a particular referent object in the near future.” Booth, K. (2007). Theory of World Security, p. 95-110, Cambridge University Press, New York.
  6. 6. 6 Security (Williams, 2008) Security Philosophies Accumulation of power Emancipation (Human Rights) Williams, P. D. (2008). Security Studies - An Introduction (1.ª ed.). Oxon: Taylor & Francis. p. 5.
  7. 7. Threats / Risks 7 World Economic Forum (2014). Global Risks 2014 ( ed.). Davos: World Economic Forum. p. 5.
  8. 8. The Territory - Setúbal Image Source: Image Source: Image Source: Population: 119.799 Total Area: 171.9 km2 Statistics Portugal 2012 87 Nationalities Foreign population 6.621 8
  9. 9. Work Force Source: INE, PORDATA (2013) Activity Sectors (Setúbal) Primary Secondary Terciary 1960 2011 1960 2011 1960 2011 6.058 782 10456 12.331 7852 36.301 40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 1960 2011 Primary Secondary Terciary Unemployment Rate (Portugal) 15,1 Statistics Portugal (1st Trimester 2014) 9
  11. 11. Before (Security News) 11
  12. 12. Management Model Resident meetings Management of the participation and organization of the residents Residents make decisions Partnership Collective action in the resolution of problems Participation in the rehabilitation of buildings 12
  13. 13. 13 Management Model 1. Strategic Goals  All actions should be carried out by the residents themselves and ENCOURAGE THEIR PARTICIPATION in the decisions that concern them and their community, promoting AUTONOMY, RESPONSABILITY AND COLLETIVE GROWTH. 2. General Objective  To set in motion PARTICIPATION PROCESSES and the development of ACTIONS THAT PROMOTE THE ORGANIZATION OF GROUPS which reflect their interests; which envolve the residents in the decisions and tasks required for their actions, identifying LEADERS and promoting the MOBILIZATION OF THE PEOPLE.
  14. 14. 14 Management Model 1. Lines of Intervention  Line 1 – Youth intervention  Line 2 – Education, training and employment  Line 3 – Image and Visibility  Line 4 – Life in community  Line 5 – Promotion and Participation of the people
  15. 15. 15 Organized Residents Commission of Residents Condominium Working groups Elected resident 14 Municipal Services 20 technicians 4 Heads of Division Institutions and Entities 25 involved 66 meetings Interveners and Stakeholders
  16. 16. 16 Indicators and results of the participation and organization of the residents in 2014 1. Lines of Intervention • 574 resident meetings • 3140 residents present in the meetings • 228 interlocutors (they are elected by the residents) • 109 meetings with organized groups of volunteers • 1 Commission of Residents in the quarter of Forte da Bela Vista • 1 Youth Association in the quarter of Manteigada • 77 Activities performed by organized residents with the suport of municipal services and institutions • 132 buildings e 6 courtyards with organized groups of residents • 68 of all 153 buildings have organized groups of residents for rehabilitation works • 12 buildings in the Bela Vista quarter have been painted and restored by residents • 4 staircases in Alameda das Palmeiras, 9 in Quinta de Santo António and 16 in Manteigada have been restored by residents • The quarter of Forte da Bela Vista has been completely painted and restored by residents (20 buildings)
  17. 17. After (Community News) 17 BEFORE AFTER
  18. 18. After (Community News)
  19. 19. 19 2013 – 2017 Strategy 1. Direct and collective participation of the residents; 2. Promote the organization of the community among the residents of the municipal social houses; 3. Continue and deepen the process of rehabilitation of the buildings based on the residents’ organization; 4. Creation of local social units; 5. Promotion of formal groups of organized residents such as condominiums, commissions, associations and other non-formal groups in order to enhance the cooperation and collective partnership;
  20. 20. 20 2013 – 2017 Strategy 6. Consolidation of the participative model of the administration of social housing; 7. Reinforcement of the role of the interlocutor of the building or courtyard, elected by the residents, representing the interests and the development of the actions collectively decided; 8. Intensification of the integrated model of the territorial administration of social housing; 9. Implementing the programme “our neighbourhood, our city” by actions that reflect the plurality of competences and technical and popular skills (culture, sports and education).
  21. 21. Intercultural Mediation in Public Services The mediation team consist of 3 agents of intercultural mediation (the immigrant), coordinated by de local council. • Principle of Interculturality • Principle of Mediation • Principle of Community Intervention
  22. 22. Intercultural Mediation in Public Services General Goals •Develop an intervention based on a working model founded on interculturality and mediation principles in municipal territories •Improve life quality of communities, promoting new intercultural relationships and contribute to local development and social cohesion
  23. 23. Intercultural Mediation Project in Public Services Intervention Axes: 1. Support to professionals and institutions 2. Social and citizen participation 3. Intercultural interaction Promoting Intercultural Dialogue Activities Maio – Mês do Diálogo Intercultural May - Intercultural Dialogue Month Ciclo de Conversas Interculturais Intercultural Conversations Cycle Praça do Mundo – Feira de Sant’iago World Square Dia Internacional das Migrações International Migration Day Festival de Música de Setúbal Setúbal Music Festival
  24. 24. Municipal Intervention Plan for Setúbal Historical Center Area: 589.459,00 m2 Buildings: 2141 Public Spaces: 197 24
  25. 25. 25 Municipal Intervention Plan for Setúbal Historical Center
  27. 27. Programs Actions 32 Fire Prevention Cabinets 27 Personal Protective Equipments Urban Fire Protective Suit, Helmet, Gloves e Boots First Intervention Equipments 2 hoselines, 1 nozzle, 1 wye with valves, 1 storz union, 1 Dry Chemical fire extinguisher, 1 Pressurized Water Fire Extinguisher.
  28. 28. 28 Programs Actions 250 Evacuation route signs
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Programs Actions 5 Information Panels Collective Dissemination; 30
  31. 31. Programs Actions 31 21 SOS Collums – Reunion Points •Sound alarm system •Individual communication •Collective Dissemination
  32. 32. 32 ADDED VALUE FOR THE POST 2015 FRAMEWORK FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION 1. Building networks composed by individuals or groups at local level allows the strength of social cohesion in times of adversity. 2. Adoption of Risk management has a comprehensive approach, detecting emerging threats (strategic foresight initiatives), preparing for change; 3. Alternative proposals to enhance and cement democracy as a fundamental value thought security developments.
  33. 33. “The search for security through emancipatory politics (…) is part of the project of inventing humanity” Thank You Booth, (2007). 33